Tuesday, 26 January 2021

Republic Day of India-30 Interesting Facts


  1. Republic Day is celebrated every year in India on January 26 to commemorate the date on which the Constitution of India came into effect, in the year 1950, and the country became a republic.

  2. While India became independent from British Raj following the Indian Independence movement, it didn’t have a constitution of its own. Indian laws were based on a modified version of the British established, Government of India Act 1935.

  3. Although the Constitution was adopted on November 26, 1949, it came into force on January 26, 1950 – a day chosen by Indians for themselves for it held immense significance for the country.

  4. The significance of January 26 is that on that day in 1929, the Indian National Congress made the well-known declaration of “Poorna Swaraj” or complete self-rule and Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the tricolour on the banks of the Ravi river. The date set for independence was January 26, 1930, and was celebrated as Poorna Swaraj day for the next 17 years.

  5. When the Constitution of India was adopted on November 26, 1949, many considered it necessary to celebrate the document on a day associated with national pride, which was – January 26.

  6. The country celebrated its first Republic Day almost 3 years after we acquired Independence. The date was January 26, 1950.

  7. The Constitution of India took around 2 years 11 months and 18 days to be drafted. The task of writing the Indian Constitution was given to a Drafting Committee that was lead by Dr. BR Ambedkar.

  8. There are two copies of the Indian Constitution, one in English and one in Hindi. Both copies of the Constitution of India are handwritten.

  9. There are no printed copies of the Constitution of India. The Indian Constitution is only calligraphed.

  10. The original copies of the Constitution of India are preserved in helium-filled caskets at the Library of Parliament House.

  11. The Indian Constitution is the longest one to be written in the world. It has 444 articles divided into 22 parts and 12 schedules. Recently, 118 amendments were added to the Constitution.

  12. Copies of the handwritten Constitution of Indian were signed by 308 Assembly members on January 24, 1950.

  13. Republic Day is a three-day affair which ends on 29th January with the Beating Retreat Ceremony.

  14. President Sukarno, the first Head of State of Indonesia was the Chief Guest for India’s first Republic Day.

  15. During the Republic Day Parade, a Christian hymn, ‘Abide With Me’ is played. The hymn was a favorite of Mahatma Gandhi.

  16. From 1950-54, Republic Day was celebrated at Irwin Stadium (now called National Stadium), Red Fort, Ramlila Grounds and Kingsway.

  17. Republic Day was first celebrated at Rajpath in the year 1955.

  18. The first Chief Guest to attend the Rajpath Parade in 1955 was none other than the first Governor-General of Pakistan, Malik Ghulam Mohammed.

  19. ‘Jana Gana Mana’, the National Anthem of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on January 24, 1950.

  20. The National Anthem of India was written by the Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore in Bengali. It was later translated into Hindi.

  21. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was sworn in as the first President of India on January 26, 1950, at 10:24 am.

  22. ‘Liberty, Equality and Fraternity’, three concepts highlighted in the Indian Constitution are inspired by the French Constitution.

  23. The Five-Year governmental plans are taken from the USSR Constitution.

  24. During the first Republic Day, the President of India was greeted by a 31 gun salute.

  25. Republic Day Celebrations kickstart with the unfurling of the National Flag. This is followed by the Republic Day Parade and a 21 gun salute.

  26. On the eve of Republic Day, the country is addressed by the President of India.

  27. Awards such as the Kirti Chakra, Padma Awards, and Bharat Ratna are announced on the eve of Republic Day. These awards are then given out on Republic Day.

  28. Prior to Republic Day, the country followed the Government of India Act, 1935 which was compiled and laid down by the British Government.

  29. The Indian Air Force came into existence as an independent body on Republic Day. Prior to this, the Air Force was a controlled  body.

  30. The custom of offering the gallantry awards to children was started by the Government of India in 1957.

Happy Republic Day