Wednesday, 3 October 2018

What is the Montreal Protocol?






The Montreal Protocol, finalized in 1987, is a global agreement to protect the stratospheric ozone layer by phasing out the production and consumption of ozone-depleting substances (ODS)

1.  The importance of the Montreal Protocol in protecting climate by protecting the ozone layer by limiting the emissions of ODS.
2.  The 1987 Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer is a landmark agreement that has successfully reduced the global production, consumption, and emissions of ozone-depleting substances (ODSs).
3.  What are the key differences between Kyoto and Montreal Protocol? The Kyoto Protocol, also known as the Kyoto Accord, is an international treaty among industrialized nations that sets mandatory limits on greenhouse gas emissions. ... Montreal Protocol came into existence when OZONE HOLE was discovered at Antarctica.
4.  The stratospheric ozone layer filters out harmful ultraviolet radiation, which is associated with an increased prevalence of skin cancer and cataracts, reduced agricultural productivity, and disruption of marine ecosystems.
5.  The United States ratified the Montreal Protocol in 1988 and has joined four subsequent amendments.
6.  On October 15, 2016, Parties to the Montreal Protocol adopted the Kigali amendment to phase down production and consumption of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) worldwide. HFCs are widely used alternatives to ozone depleting substances such as hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), already controlled under the Protocol.
7.  The Significance of Kigali Amendment: This amendment creates market certainty and opens international markets to new technology that is better for the environment, without compromising performance.


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