Wednesday, 31 October 2018

31th October 2018 | Daily Assam current affairs for APSC




  • Every year 54,890 persons are afflicted by stroke in Assam and more than a lakh in the North East, according to a GNRC study
  • The birth centenary of Pulin Das – one of the most admired sports personalities of the region will be celebrated with a year-long programme.
  • Justice Vijai Kumar Bist was sworn in as the Chief Justice of Sikkim High Court at Raj Bhawan 


Tuesday, 30 October 2018

30th October 2018 | Daily Assam current affairs for APSC




  • Justice Ajjikuttira Somaiah Bopanna was sworn in as the Chief Justice of Gauhati High Court 
  • Nearly 13,000 muster roll employees of 52 State government departments would get an enhanced salary from November as their salaries would be converted to pay scale. 
  • India and Japan signed an agreement on the ‘North East Road Network Connectivity Improvement Project’ in Tokyo for sustainable catchment forest management in Tripura (having a total loan provision of up to 316.458 billion yen)
  • Indigenous National Party of Tripura (INPT) has decided to intensify its movement demanding compilation of National Register of Citizens (NRC) in the State.
  • Brahmaputra is the second highest sediment-load-carrying river of the world.
  • Lewis Hamilton joined one of F1’s most exclusive clubs when he became just the third driver to win a fifth Formula One world title.
  • India’s Akashdeep Singh was adjudged player of the tournament but the team had to share the Asian Champions Trophy with Pakistan after the much-anticipated summit clash was abandoned due to heavy downpour
  • Assam won 28 medals including two gold, 13 silver and as many bronze medals in the 1st North East Olympic Games which concluded at Imphal. Assam secured the second spot in the championship.
  • The Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) for DONER, Dr Jitendra Singh today laid the foundation stone for the STINER Centre at the CSIR-North East Institute of Science and Technology at Pulibor on the outskirts of the Jorhat town. The STINER centre will be set up with funding from the DONER Ministry under the project named Science And Technology Intervention in North-East Region. The central technology facilitation centre of the project will be in CSIR-NEIST, Jorhat. The objective of the project is to disseminate the technologies developed by CSIR-NEIST to farmers and upcoming entrepreneurs of the region. The Minister also laid the foundation stone online of the nodal centre of the project at the School of Agricultural Sciences and Rural Development (SASRD), Nagaland University at Medziphema (Nagaland) at the same function organised on the occasion.



Sunday, 28 October 2018

27th, 28th, 29th October 2018 | Daily Assam Current Affiars for APSC




  • Social activist Birubala Rabha, known for her relentless battle against the evil practice of witch-hunting, was on Saturday awarded the Women’s World Summit Foundation (WWSF) prize for women’s creativity in rural life for the year 2018.
  • Manipur will be conferred the best Commendable Initiative Award for the Revival of Manipur State Transport. The State would receive the award on November 4 next at a function in Maharashtra.
  • The British Council and Arunachal Pradesh Government Sunday inked a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to strengthen educational and cultural cooperation between the State and the United Kingdom. 
  • Prof Dr. Subhash Khanna, a senior surgeon from Assam and the North East, has been conferred with the Dr BC Roy Award under the category of ‘Eminent Medical Teacher
  • Academician and engineer Prof NK Choudhury would be presented the Abhiyanta Siromoni title and Rajmohan Nath Award by the Pratnatatwik Rajmohan Nath Smriti Raksha Samiti at a function to be held on October 31 at the Assam Engineering Institute
  • The Union government has approved setting up of the Namrup IV project at the Brahmaputra Valley Fertilizer Corporation Limited (BVFCL) site, around 49 km from Dibrugarh
  • The current four-slab GST rate structure is likely to be reduced to three as the process of rationalising India's new indirect tax regime proceeds further, the Prime Minister's Economic Advisory Council (PMEAC) Chairman Bibek Debroy said.
  • Er Latsam Khimun of Arunachal Pradesh and Ramkui Jeme from Assam were conferred Honoris Causa (honorary doctorate degree) by Nitte University, Mangaluru in recognition of their unstinted and tireless efforts over a long period of time in the field of social works in the North East.
  • Dispur has signed an MoU with the United Bank of India (UBI) on Thursday to extend the benefit of ‘Apon Ghar’, a State government scheme, to provide subsidised housing loans to its employees maintaining their salary accounts with the bank
  • The process of land acquisition to construct roads to facilitate the free flow of traffic on India’s longest bridge, to be built over the mighty Brahmaputra connecting Dhubri in Assam and Phulbari in Meghalaya has started in full swing. This 20-km-long bridge that will reduce a 203-km-long road distance to a mere 19.3 km, will be a four-lane bridge and is estimated to be completed by 2026-27. To maintain free flow of traffic on this bridge and to utilise it to the maximum, the Ministry of Highways has taken up two different approach roads– the National Highway 127B and to develop the existing Dhubri-Kochugaon road. The bridge is estimated to cost more than Rs 4000 crore. It may be mentioned that the Japanese funding agency, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has approved a loan for the construction of this bridge and the National Highways and Industrial Development Corporation Limited (NHIDCL) is looking after the entire work.




Friday, 26 October 2018

26th October 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC





  • Union Social Justice and Empowerment Ministry today announced two major projects for Meghalaya – an Olympic stadium and a Composite Regional Centre for People with Disabilities (PwD).
  • First of its kind in Nagaland, Myki Fest 2018, an event to celebrate women entrepreneurs, artisans, artistes, cultivators and SHGs, began at the complex of the Old Directorate of Women Resource Development department in Kohima
  • Nagaland Government has suspended Inspector General of Police (CID) Richard Yimto with immediate effect for possession of a seized consignment of drugs in his home.

India and Bangladesh have, in an important understanding, finalised the Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for movement of passengers and cruise vessels on the Inland Protocol route and the coastal shipping routes. 

  • The SOP will facilitate movement of passenger and cruise services. In addition to this, an addendum to ‘Protocol on Inland Water Transit and Trade’ (PIWTT) has been signed for inclusion of Dhubri in India and Pangaon in Bangladesh as new Ports of Call. 
  • The two countries have signed an agreement to use Chattogram and Mongla Ports in Bangladesh for movement of goods to and from India. The new arrangement will facilitate movement of fly ash, cement, construction materials from India to Bangladesh through IWT on the river Rupnarayan.
  • Further, both sides agreed to declare Badarpur on river Barak (NW-16) as an Extended Port of Call of Karimganj in Assam and Ghorasal of Ashuganj in Bangladesh on reciprocal basis. The Indian side proposed for extension of the protocol routes from Kolkata up to Silchar in Assam. 
  • Both sides have also agreed for development of Jogighopa as a hub-trans-shipment terminal for movement of cargo to Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Bhutan and notifying the Munsiganj river terminal by the Bangladesh Customs for routing third-party exim cargo through the Kolkata Port.
  • Discussions were also held to make the Nakugaon Land Port in Bangladesh and Dalu ICP (India) operational and to connect Gelephu (Bhutan) as a tripartite cross-border route.



Thursday, 25 October 2018

25th October 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC





  • The foundation stone for the statue of ‘Asom Kesari’, Ambikagiri Roychoudhury was laid at Barpetaroad in Barpeta district 
  • More than 56 years after India’s war with China, villagers of Arunachal Pradesh have received nearly Rs 38 crore as compensation for the land acquired by the Army to set up its bases, bunkers and barracks. In April 2017, Rs 54 crore was distributed among 152 families of three villages of West Kameng district. In September that year, another instalment of Rs 158 crore was distributed among the villagers for the private land taken over by the Army. In February 2018, Rs 40.80 crore was handed over to 31 families in Tawang.
  • Tripura’s Royal scion Pradyot Kishore Debbarman has sought Supreme Court’s ruling for undertaking National Register of Citizens (NRC) keeping in mind the continuous illegal infiltration in the State.
  • India and Bangladesh on Wednesday agreed to introduce river cruise services between Kolkata-Dhaka and Guwahati-Jorhat and back.
  • In an unprecedented shake-up in CBI’s 55-year history, both the CBI Director Alok Verma and Special Director Rakesh Asthana were stripped of their powers and sent on leave .
  • A leading state-run Israeli defence company said on Wednesday it has signed a USD 777 million contract with India for the supply of Barak 8 long-range surface-to-air defence missiles and missile defence systems for the Indian Navy. Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) said India’s Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) will be the main manufacturer for the project, Israeli business daily Globes reported.
  • Harmanpreet Singh scored a hat-trick of penalty corner conversions to give India a 4-1 victory over South Korea in the Asian Champions Trophy Muscat 2018
  • Indian software products sector, which is estimated to be worth $7-billion, is growing at a rate of 9.5 per cent annually
  • Sudip Kumar Kundu, a resident of Dhubri town has been conferred with the ‘India’s Great Leader Award 2018’ recently by National Human Welfare Council for inspiring and motivating thousands of people towards voluntary blood donation.
  • The Northeast Frontier Railway (NFR) will tomorrow launch its online system for booking un-reserved tickets.“This facility being launched by NFR for the first time, will ensure greater convenience for commuters who will now no longer need to queue up at ticket counters for unreserved ticketing. Passengers will be able to buy paperless unreserved journey tickets, season tickets and platform tickets online by downloading the UTS App in their smart-phones



Wednesday, 24 October 2018

24th October 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC





  • Assam has achieved more than 76 per cent coverage in the Measles Rubella (MR) vaccination campaign which was launched in February 2017 in a phased manner across the country. While Tinsukia and Dhemaji districts have achieved 100 per cent coverage in the vaccination drive, Dibrugarh, Golaghat, Sivasagar, Lakhimpur, Jorhat, Nalbari and Sonitpur districts have achieved more than 90 per cent coverage. On the other hand, focus has to be given to districts like Chirang, Hailakandi, Dhubri, Dima Hasao, Cachar and Karimganj where the coverage rate is less than 60 per cent.
  • The Loktak Livelihood Mission was launched in Imphal on Tuesday, aimed at providing livelihood to the youths of the state.
  • Ravindra Jadeja and Shai Hope were the best fielders in the One-day International played in Guwahati on Sunday according to a study carried out by a fielding performance measure team comprising Dr Hemanta Saikia, Assistant Professor of statistics, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat; Dr Himadri Barman, Assistant Professor, Centre for Management Studies, Dibrugarh University and Dr Dinesh Agarwal, corporate relationship manager, ITC Limited, Guwahati. The team used Field-O-Meter.


Tuesday, 23 October 2018

22nd & 23rd October 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC



  • As many as 62 foreign nationals, who had entered India illegally, have been deported to their respective countries in the last four months.
  • North East Olympic Games scheduled to be held in Imphal
  • from October 24 to 28.
  • Facing threat from jehadi elements, the Assam government is planning to set up an Anti-Terrorist Squad (ATS) on the lines of such forces formed by some other states of the country to deal with terrorist groups that have inter-state and international connections.
  • Chief Executive Member (CEM) of Karbi Anglong Autonomous Council (KAAC) Tuliram Ronghang laid the foundation stone of a Rs 10-crore Singhason Sports & Cultural Complex in Diphu on Saturday in the presence of thousands of people and BJP activists. The sports and cultural complex which has been sponsored under the Central Government’s special package is aimed at grooming youths from every nook and corner of the district.
  • Telugu is the fastest growing language in the US, says a study by an American think tank. The number of US residents speaking Telugu rose by 86 per cent between 2010 and 2017, according to an online video by the World Economic Forum. But Telugu, the fourth most spoken language in India, is still outside the top 20 of the most widely-spoken languages other than English in the US, reports the BBC.
  • The Government of India has identified infrastructure development, capacity building and improvement of relation with the neighboring countries as some of the key areas for the success of the much talked about Act East Policy and steps have been initiated for giving due importance to these areas so that the Policy becomes beneficial for the North East. Sources pointed out that infrastructure development including road, rail and air connectivity, telecom and internet connectivity etc are vital for the success of the Act East Policy and that is why the Government is giving stress on development of these areas and investments in such sectors have been increased substantially. Waterways connectivity is also vital for movement of goods and for that, the Government of India has already taken up the issue with Bangladesh so that the Chittagong port can be used for the movement of goods from and out of the North East. The Government of Bangladesh has already agreed on principle to allow India to use the Chittagong port and some formalities need to be completed. The Government has also expedited the implementation of the Kaladan project for improving connectivity


Sunday, 21 October 2018

18th, 19th, 20th 21st October 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC




  • Former Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand Chief Minister N.D. Tiwari died on Thursday -- on his 93rd birthday -- in the national capital at a private hospital following prolonged illness
  • Manipur is all set to host the North East Olympic Games at the Khuman Lampak Sports Complex here from October 24 to 28. Around 2,000 sportspersons from the eight North Eastern States are expected to take part in the games.The athletes will compete in 12 different disciplines including archery, athletics, badminton, boxing, football, judo, karate, shooting, table tennis, taekwondo, weightlifting and wushu.
  • For the first time ever that an Indian U-15 wrestling squad will be competing in an Asian level competition. This was in tune with the Wrestling Federation of India's (WFI) policy to encourage young wrestlers and identify future talents.
  • The 89th birth anniversary of Padmabibhushan late Dr Nirmala Deshpande, who was a veteran Gandhian, social activist and former Rajya Sabha member nominated by the President of India was celebrated.
  • Russia-based global cybersecurity firm Kaspersky Lab said it was willing to "adopt and comply" with Indias proposed requirement to store data generated in the country within its borders." The data protection bill is not released yet in India. Once this (data localisation) requirement comes out, we need to adopt and we want to comply," Kaspersky Lab's Managing Director Stephan Neumeier told IANS on the sidelines of the firm's 4th Asia Pacific (APAC) cybersecurity annual summit
  • Four forest personnel of Biswanath Wildlife Division in Biswanath district were presented with gallantry awards by the Department of Environment and Forest, Government of Assam recently on the occasion of 64th Wildlife Week for their outstanding performance, great contribution along with optimum dedication and sincerity towards the forest and wildlife conservation in the area. The honoured forest personnel include Ranger of Kaziranga Northern Range, Pranjal Baruah and forest workers Pranjit Hazarika, Gautam Chakravarty and Ajay Das.
  • The Assam Science Society has instituted four new awards from the current year. These include the awards for best science teacher in secondary schools, best mathematics teacher in secondary schools, best branch of the Assam Science Society and for the best science worker of the Assam Science Society. The Science Society has invited applications/nominations for these awards. Awards 1 and 2 are open to the science and mathematics teachers serving in the secondary schools of Assam which are affiliated to the Board of Secondary Education, Assam, while award number 3 is open to the Assam Science Society’s affiliated branches and award number 4 is open for the workers of the Assam Science Society. The details of the awards are available on the Society’s website: www. assamsciencesociety. org. The complete applications for the purpose should reach the Society’s Khanapara headquarters here latest by December 15, said the Society in a press release here.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi will launch a Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) platform and address a townhall of IT and electronic manufacturing professionals on October 24. The Ministry of Electronics and IT stated the CSR platform would help IT and electronic professionals to share their stories. 
  • WhatsApp is reportedly working out on three new features, including linking your account to Instagram, in order to improve its chat and notifications for its over 1.5 billion users.
  • Celebration of ‘Samrat Asur Hudur Durga’ (a legendary King of the Adivasi-Santhals) puja ended with Vijaya Dashami. Around 3,000 Adivasi-Santhals of Deosri (Tibitola) along the India-Bhutan border in Chirang district celebrated this puja to remember their King Asur Hudur Durga. Adivasi-Santhals believe that Goddess Durga killed their King Asur Hudur Durga as ‘Mahisasura’ during this festival. Asur Puja starts on Mahanavami and ends on Vijaya Dashami. The devotees keep the idol of the Asura King under a tree in some isolated place after the puja instead of immersing it in water bodies. Only in Chirang district of Assam is this Asura King’s puja being performed in sync with Durga Puja since the past 3 years.



Wednesday, 17 October 2018

17th October 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC





  • India’s Suraj Panwar clinched a silver in men’s 5000m race walk event in the ongoing Youth Olympic Games to open the country’s medal account in athletics
  • The State Bank of India announced Hima Das as the brand ambassador of digital platform SBI YONO.
  • Minister of State for Defence Dr Subhash Bhamre today inaugurated the first Ex-Servicemen Contributory Health Scheme (ECHS) polyclinic at Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh. He also opened the first ECHS polyclinic at Tenga.



Tuesday, 16 October 2018

16th October 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC




  • Manipur Chief Minister N Biren Singh was  adjudged as the 3rd Best Chief Minister of the country in a nationwide survey conducted by India Today magazine.
  • Sheorartal is Cachar district's  cleanest village
  • The Supreme Court has slammed 12 States and Union Territories including four Northeastern States for not notifying the names of civil societies members in their committees to take care of the needs of the urban homeless, while slapping fines on them ranging from Rs 1-5 lakh.
  • Novak Djokovic is closing in on Rafael Nadal’s number one spot after winning the Shanghai Masters title, according to ATP rankings released on Monday.
  • Simona Halep has secured the year-end number one ranking in the WTA standings for the second year running.

Monday, 15 October 2018

12th, 13th, 14th,15th October 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC




  • The “100 per cent organic State” Sikkim, the first in the world, will get the “Oscar for best policies” at a UN ceremony in Rome and it bolsters efforts to attain the Sustainable Development Goals. Sikkim beat out 51 other nominees from 25 countries for the Future Policy Award 2018 – the world’s best laws and policies promoting agro-ecology – which will be presented during the World Food Week at headquarters of the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) on Monday. Prime Minister Narendra Modi on January 19, 2016 declared Sikkim as the first organic State in the country, saying it will soon become the harbinger of organic farming not only in India but around the world.
  • India has suffered economic losses of $79.5 billion due to natural disasters during the last two decades, according to the UN.
  • President Ram Nath Kovind has signed the Industrial Disputes (Assam Amendment) Bill, 2017 that will replace the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 paving the way for companies to retrench up to 300 employees without seeking prior approval of the Assam Government.The Bill envisages boosting ease-of-doing-business. The legislation proposes that companies will be allowed to retrench up to 300 employees instead of 100, as per the existing legislation, without seeking prior approval of the government. Under the new legislation, the compensation to a retrenched labourer will be 60 days’ salary instead of the present 15 days’ salary and no government permission will be required for the retrenchment.
  • The United States of America is studying the possibility of initiating infrastructure development programmes in association with Government of India in North East particularly in Manipur to promote border trade and other economic activities.
  • An officer of the Assam Police has been conferred with the Kirti Chakra posthumously for displaying indomitable courage and exemplary leadership in fighting ULFA militants, a Home Ministry official said. Inspector Lohit Sonowal laid down his life in Tinsukia district of Assam on April 19, 2013 in an encounter with ULFA militants in which two extremists were also killed. During the crossfire, Sonowal sustained bullet injuries, but eliminated two extremists in direct exchange of fire. Sonowal succumbed to his injuries later.
    The Kirti Chakra is the country’s military award for valour, courage action and self-sacrifice. It is second in order of precedence of peacetime gallantry awards after the Ashok Chakra
  • Four forest personnel of Biswanath Wildlife Division in Biswanath district were presented with gallantry awards by the Department of Environment and Forest, Government of Assam recently on the occasion of 64th Wildlife Week for their outstanding performance and high level of contribution along with optimum dedication and sincerity towards the forest and wildlife conservation in the area. The honoured forest personnel include Ranger of Kaziranga Northern Range, Pranjal Baruah and forest workers Pranjit Hazarika, Gautam Chakravarty and Ajay Das. 
  • Pilgrims headed to the Vaishno Devi shrine will get free insurance cover of Rs 5 lakh. This was decided on Saturday at a meeting of the Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine Board (MVDSB) chaired by Jammu and Kashmir Governor Satya Pal Malik. The Board has approved enhancement of free accident insurance cover for pilgrims visiting the shrine to Rs 5 lakh besides free treatment to trauma victims. The Governor is also the Chairman of the Board.
    The spokesman added that the insurance cover shall be in addition to the accidental cover available to each pilgrim once he or she collects the yatra slip and commences the journey.
  • Paris Saint-Germain striker Kylian Mbappe’s rapid rise to global fame has earned the teenaged World Cup winner an appearance on the cover of Time magazine’s international edition, to appear on Friday. Mbappe became the youngest French goalscorer in World Cup history when he struck in a 1-0 win over Peru in the group stages.



Thursday, 11 October 2018

11th October 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC





  • Professor and head of radiology at the Dr B Borooah Cancer Institute (BBCI) here Dr Binoy Kumar Choudhury was awarded the Certificate of Excellence during the International Cancer Imaging Society’s (ICIS) 18th annual teaching course held at Menton, France, on October 7-9.
  • Archer Harvinder Singh notched up the men’s individual recurve gold, while track-and-field athletes added a silver and a bronze to India’s tally in the Asian Para-Games here on Wednesday. Monu Ghangas claimed the silver in the men’s discus throw F11 category, while Mohammed Yasser fetched a bronze in the men’s shot put F46 category.
  • Sikkim’s State Policy on Organic Farming and Sikkim Organic Mission have been shortlisted for an award conferred by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the United Nations for the world’s best policies promoting agro-ecological approaches.
  •  Saurabh Chaudhary claimed the gold medal in the 10m air pistol event at the Youth Olympic Games.


Wednesday, 10 October 2018

10th October 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC




  • Geologists from Dibrugarh University have discovered belts of uranium ore in east central areas of Karbi Anglong district. The geologists claim that the rich occurrences of iron, platinum, titanium and vanadium ores in the area hold much promise for further exploration
  • The State Cabinet today decided to allow e-auction for commercial use of granite, silica sand and china clay, while, the Water Resources Department has been asked to carry out pilot project to identify the new industries that can be set up by using the sand collected from dredging of the bed of the river Brahmaputra.
  • Chief Minister Biplab Kumar Deb today announced implementation of the 7th CPC for over 2 lakh employees and pensioners of the State with effect from October 1 this year.
  • Weightlifter Jeremy Lalrinnunga scripted history by winning India’s maiden gold medal at the Youth Olympics, claiming the top honour in the men’s 62kg category.
  • Assam is going to take baby steps for a giant leap as the State will soon witness its first ever structured youth league dedicated to kids. The league is likely to be held in between November and December next.





Tuesday, 9 October 2018

9th October 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC




  • Arunachal Pradesh Agriculture Minister Dr Mohesh Chai launched two schemes for farmers to increase production and their income. The two schemes are Chief Minister’s Sashakt Kisan Yojana (CMSKY) and Chief Minister’s Krishi Samuh Yojana (CMKSY). The CMSKY would subsume three programmes – CM’s Employment Generation Scheme, CM’s Agri-Mechanisation Programme and CM’s Flagship Programme on Tea and Rubber. The CMKSY aims at empowering farmers through cooperative approach, by providing them timely support and marketing intervention for better price realization and income
  • Former England captain John Terry announced his retirement from football on Sunday with the 37-year-old central defender now set to pursue a career in management. Terry, who spent the bulk of his career with Chelsea, captained second-tier Aston Villa last season. Now the Birmingham club reportedly want him to join their coaching staff as part of a new-look set-up, with Thierry Henry in the running to take over as manager at Villa Park 
  • India captain Virat Kohli and speedster Jasprit Bumrah maintained their respective top positions in the latest ICC ODI rankings released on Monday. Kohli led the batsman’s list with 884 points while his deputy Rohit Sharma with 842 ranking points maintained the second position. The other Indian batsman in the top-10 was Shikhar Dhawan, who is placed fifth in the list with 802 points. Among the bowlers, death overs specialist Bumrah with 797 points was on top while left-arm wrist spinner Kuldeep Yadav with 700 points is third in the list.
  • The Supreme Court on Monday issued notice to the Government of India and the Election Commission in response to a petition seeking that the National Register of Citizens (NRC) be implemented in Tripura.  A Bench of Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi and Justices SK Kaul and KM Joseph heard the petitioner Tripura People’s Front before issuing the notice to the Central government and the Election Commission. The need for preparing the NRC for Tripura was emphasized in the petition based on the fact that it was necessary to identify and deport illegal immigrants from the state. The petitioners prayed for a direction from the court asking the authorities concerned to prepare the NRC. They also sought that the Tripura-Bangladesh border be fenced to prevent influx of illegal immigrants. The matter was tagged with the ongoing case of updating of the NRC in Assam. It has been claimed that while the NRC was prepared way back in 1951, the need for implementing the NRC in Tripura is pressing.

Monday, 8 October 2018

6th, 7th & 8th October 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC






  • Assam bagged a special award – for its standout performance in the North East region – in the recently-concluded Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2018 conducted throughout the country by the Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen. 
  • A piano ensemble charity event in China has created a new Guinness World Record. A total of 666 pianos were played simultaneously by 639 participants in Wuqiang county of Hebei province on Saturday, setting a new world record. Pianists from eight countries and regions joined blind children, as well as teachers, students and music enthusiasts from around China.
  • Sikkim became the latest addition to the country’s aviation map on Thursday as SpiceJet operated the first direct commercial flight to the Pakyong airport from Kolkata.
  • State Education and Guwahati Development Department Minister Siddhartha Bhattacharya ceremonially distributed Ayushman Bharat cards among the beneficiaries at the East Guwahati State Dispensary, Chandmari. The Ayushman Bharat programme aims to make healthcare accessible and affordable, by providing coverage of Rs 5 lakh to Rs 10 crore to the economically backward families. Nearly 31 States and Union Territories are implementing the programme to enable 50 crore Indians to reap the benefits of the scheme.
  • Padma Shri award winning Gandhian Natwar Thakkar, also known as Nagaland’s Gandhi, passed away at a private hospital here this morning. He was 86.
  • Congolese doctor Denis Mukwege and Yazidi campaigner Nadia Murad won the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize on Friday for their work in fighting sexual violence in conflicts around the world.
  • The State-run Assam Petro-Chemicals Limited (APL), Namrup has launched Asia’s first canister-based green and clean fuel pilot project of ‘Methanol Cooking Stove’
  • Congress MP from Silchar Sushmita Dev will be attending the 73rd session of the United Nations General Assembly scheduled to be held in New York.
  • India and Russia today concluded a deal for supply of S-400 Triumf long-range surface-to-air missile system giving a substantial boost to air defence capabilities of the Indian Air Force.
  • Musician-cum-activist Kishour Giri, known for his inimitable style of raising issues concerning Assam, passed away this morning. Giri (63) died at his Kharguli residence
  • NPS International School was awarded by UNESCO MGIEP as a part of the International Youth Campaign on Kindness for the Sustainable Development Goals. UNESCO awarded the students with equipments worth more than Rs 1 lakh for creating 360ยบ media. The organisations which have collaboratively awarded NPS are UNESCO, Facebook–Oculus, Digital Promise and UN SDG Action Campaign. NPS students made a 4-minute film using 360 degree equipments based on the award-winning project which was done by them in 2016 – ‘Save the Turtles of Assam’. NPS students have been closely working on the 17 SDGs since the last few years and this award from UNESCO is a plume in their beret.




        Saturday, 6 October 2018

        My Journey to Success - Jharna Patgiri, ACS 2016, RANK - 38




        PERSONAL PROFILE

        Name   
        Jharna Patgiri
        Rank in Civil Services
        38
        Total attempts in CEE (including this one)           
        02
        Optional Subjects
        History & Education
        Service preferences Top – 3 (ACS, APS, ALRS etc.)
        ACS, Supdt of Taxes, APS
        Service Joined
        2016
        Schooling Medium 
        Assamese Medium
        College Medium
        English
        Medium chosen for Mains answers
        English
        Medium chosen for Interview
        Bi-lingual
        Home town/city
        Nalbari
        Work-experience if any
        Lecturer in college, Freelance writer

        EDUCATIONAL DETAILS

        class 10
        MNC Balika Vidyapith
        class 12
        Cotton College
        Name of college, city, passing out year
        Hindu College, New Delhi
        Post-graduation
        Delhi University, Gauhati University
        Any other professional courses
        PGDCA, PGDHRM
        Hobbies & Extracurricular achievements
        Exploring culinary skills, travelling, music, reading etc.

        UNDERSTANDING YOUR ONLINE LIFE?

        Daily hrs spent on online platforms for predicting cutoff / syllabus change / age-attempt limit change and other “peripheral-discussion“related to civil services.              
        No fixed hours. But followed and participated actively in a FB page for APSC Mains preparation.
        Daily hrs spent on WhatsApp, Facebook, Telegram study groups
        No fixed hours.
        Daily hrs spent on online for exam prep/mock test
        Approximately 2 hours.
        Primary Device for online study: desktop, laptop, tablet, mobile  
        Mobile

        ANSWER WRITING


        Did you use highlighters / sketch pens in your answers?
        No
        Did you draw any diagram in any paper? (e.g. in Geography)If yes, Did you draw diagrams with pencil or pen?
        Yes. For Education optional paper I, I drew flow chart etc with pen.
        Did you use ruler to draw the lines in diagram? Or did you just make it by hand?
        Yes. By ruler I drew.
        You wrote the answer in blue pen or black pen?
        Blue pen.


        QUESTIONNAIRE:

        1. Tell us something about yourself, your family, when and why did you enter in this field of competitive exams?

        I belong from a humble teaching back-ground family. Both my parents were teachers and has inspired to serve the society selflessly, which helped me to aspire to be a public servant.

        2.In recent times, there is spur in electronic material- blogs, sites, pdfs, RSS-feeds. So, how do you balance this i.e. electronic material vs. paper material (Books, newspapers)

        I browsed through electronic materials, but always gave more preference to the paper materials (library books etc). Balancing between both the sources is necessary. Smart access to all the sources is the key to maintain that balance.

        3. Do you maintain self-notes for revision of optional? In which format- electronic or paper? What is your style of preparation and notes making?

        I prepared notes on my self-understanding about the concept of a topic after reading the available materials. I tried to make notes in an answer-writing style in mock examination hall like situation. I used to make flow-charts of the concepts for making the revisions of the topics prompt and frequent.

        4. What was your approach in the exam? 

        I answered all the questions with quality points within the word limit, because I was well-prepared for the examination. However, in History paper II, I could not attempt one question, because I was not so well prepared. I had enough time to ‘make-up’ an answer for the said question, but I preferred not to attempt to sustain my sincerity. So, from my own experience, I might take a stand that “don’t answer if you are not confident of your knowledge and understanding”.

        5. Did you write answers in bullet points or in paragraphs? Did you follow the “introduction-body-conclusion” format?

        My answers were not in uniform. They were framed as per the question was thrown. I prepared myself to analyse the questions critically and tactfully highlighting my understanding. But in GS paper, I focused on completing the entire question paper by attempting all the questions, because in this paper, competition lies on attempting rather than heavy content. I opted for a smart approach to my GS paper and I was proved right.

        6. What’s your optional subject and why did you choose it and not something else? If a new aspirant wants to pick your subject, would you advice for it or against it? 

        History and Education. I did M.Ed, so opted Education. I am interested in reading history and knowing the historical facts. I have a keen interest in learning lessons from the historical facts and its significance in present time.

        Both the subjects are good to score, however History syllabus for Main examination is little bigger than Education.

        Methodology for Education Preparation:

        • First browse the previous year’s question papers.
        • Select the most frequently asked topics. Mark in your syllabus. 
        • Then you start reading the available materials, preferably one good book initially.
        • After that start preparing all the topics of the syllabus. 
        • Write down few answers for practice.
        • Same with other subject preparation. For GS, we will discuss in another session.

        Education Books to follow:

        • DN Das, Chaube, Chauhan for Principles of Education
        • Advanced Educational Psychology – S.K. Mangal
        • Advanced Educational Psychology – S S Chauhan
        • Statistics in Education and Psychology - Kaberi Saha
        • History of Indian Education
        • Issues and Problems of Indian Education

        History Books to follow:

        • A History of India by Ramila Thapar.
        • Medieval India by Satish Chandra
        • History of Modern India by Bipan Chandra
        • The Discovery of India by Jawaharlal Nehru
        • Glimpses of World History by Jawaharlal Nehru.
        • A History of Assam by Edward Albert Gait
        • NCERT IX-XII

        Download My History Optional Notes: Link to my History Notes 


        7. How many months did it take to finish the optional syllabus? 

        Three months for each subject.

        8. Did you attend any ‘mock tests’? Do you think they’re necessary for success? 

        I commenced mock test for myself at home in an exam-like environment.

        9. If you are made the UPSC/APSC chairman, what other reforms would you initiate for the civil service exam?

        The necessary reforms might be as follows:

        1. Preliminary Exam:
        Reasoning based questions. Specific numbers of questions from each of the five core subjects. Specific number of Assam related questions for each of the core subjects.

        2. Main exam:
        i) Ethics paper along with case study to be introduced.
        ii) General English paper to be replaced with Language paper.

        INTERVIEW

        1. How did you prepare for the interview? 

        I tried to gather thorough knowledge over my native place, my educational background, my optional subjects etc. I prepared myself to answer the probable questions relating to my hobby, my professional career etc..

        2. Did you attend any mock interviews by coaching classes? How were they similar / different than official interview? 

        I did not attend any mock interview. I was just counselled by my sister who is an Assistant Professor at Tezpur Central University before the interview.

        3. Where did you stay for the interview and what books / material did you bring for the ‘revision before interview’?

        No books, no revision.

        4. Who was the chairman of your interview board? How long was the interview? Why do you want to join civil service? Why don’t you continue in your graduation field? Social service can be done from private sector too. 


        Interview Chairman : Brigadier Ranjit Borthakur. 
        Interview Time : Approximately 30 minutes.

        My interview patterns was opinion based questioning on various socio-educational issues, instead of interrogative questions.

        If I were asked the above said questions on my aspiration to be a civil service officer, my replies might be as follows:
        1. To meet up my aspirations to be a public servant.
        2. I got very less exposure. I was a lecturer in a college, but it was not satisfying my aspirations of service in a different way, which I could attain through civil service.
        3. True. Not only with a motto of social service, in fact with a motto of continuous dedicated service to the people, I opted. And I was involved in ‘happy to do’ small charity works, like, used to visit AWCs and make them smile with small self-made Tiffin, gifts like colour pencil box etc. I taught in a Trust School in a village of my home district and donated my remuneration to provide free geometry boxes to the students of high school.

        5. Describe the formal-dress worn by you on the day of your interview.

        I wore a dark green khadi silk saree with mild make-up, walking on a pair of comfortable hills.

        6. Was your interview on the expected lines of what you had prepared or did they ask you totally unexpected questions?  

        • Unexpected questions for discussion. 
        • It was not at all a stressed interview; rather I was enjoying the conversation.
        • No uncomfortable question, no stress. It was an intellectual and friendly interview.

        The Miscellaneous Ones

        1. If you were not selected, what was your career backup plan? 

        I was shortlisted for a Subject-teacher job and would have joined after I crossed 38 years age.

        2. Many candidates prepare sincerely but constantly live under fear about ‘profile insecurity’. Did you suffer from such insecurities? What is your message to these candidates?

        No insecurities. I am confident of myself even if I fail and remain optimist that for something else I am in this world. The main motto is to serve and earn livelihood for oneself.

        3. Share some tips on how to manage studies with job.

        Preparing for civil service is nothing but will power and win over. So, success depends on zeal to achieve.

        4. People, most of them lack consistency in their preparation. So, how do you keep study momentum going on? How do you fight against the mood swings and distractions?

        Self-motivation is the key to success. Optimism to achieve goal is the motivational force. I practiced Pranayama to avoid distraction.

        5. Through this struggle and success, what have your learned? What is the wisdom of life and competition? What is your message to the new aspirants? 

        • I learned to be calm and steady in any challenging situation. Have learned to digest people’s tantrums. 
        • To be in a peaceful mind, one must learn how to compete with oneself, rather than in a race to chase others.
        • Faith and dedication pave the road to success.
        • Hard work results in more hard work. Success is not only to get a job. Success is also the learning how to live if not succeeded in achieving a particular job.

        6. Behind every topper are many people who stood by during those uncertain times when he/she was merely an ‘aspirant’. Would you like to tell the world, who were those people in your case? 

        My sister was the motivating factor to achieve success in APSC examination. My parents too encouraged and supported me thoroughly which kept me going. Not only during my preparation, in fact after joining this challenging service, they have shown their unexpected understanding and support to do my every duty beautifully.

        APSC Resources by Jharna Patgiri:

        1. APSC Preparation by Jharna Patgiri
        2. APSC Personal Interview - Preparation Methodology by Jharna Patgiri, ACS
        3. Jharna Patgiri's Free APSC "Education Optional" Guidance WhatApp Group


        Thank You Jharna Patgiri for taking the effort to fill this questionnaire. Your effort will go a long way to guide someone in their preparations and fulfil their long cherished dream of becoming a civil servant.

        Friday, 5 October 2018

        APSC Personal Interview - Preparation Methodology by Jharna Patgiri, ACS



        A detailed interview preparation methodology guide prepared by Jharna Patgiri for candidates appearing for Assam Public Service Commission final interview after being selected from Mains Exam


        5th October 2018 | Assam Daily Current Affairs for APSC




        • Social activist and anti-witch hunting crusader Birubala Rabha has been chosen for the Women’s World Summit Foundation (WWSF) 2018 Award for women’s creativity in rural life.
        Birubala Rabha

        • With a vision of making Assam tuberculosis (TB)-free by the year 2025, the Joint Effort for Elimination of Tuberculosis (JEET) programme has been launched in the State, under which the private sector will be engaged to intensify TB case notification and ensure quality care.
        • At least 10,000 delegates, including scientists, students and experts, besides 200 students from the Northeast, will be participating in the fourth edition of the India International Science Festival 2018 starting today.


        Thursday, 4 October 2018

        4th October 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC



        • Justice Ranjan Gogoi was on Wednesday sworn in as the 46th Chief Justice of India. He is the first person from the Northeast to reach the top position of judiciary and will have a tenure of a little over 13 months before retiring.
        • Assam Inland Water Transport Regulatory Authority Bill 2018 passed by voice vote.
        • The prestigious Pabindra Nath Sarma and Kunjabala Devi memorial journalism awards for the year 2017 have been conferred on Diganta Sarma, Staff Reporter of weekly Sadin, and Gagan Kumar Nath, the Sipajhar correspondent of vernacular daily Asomiya Khabar, respectively. The awards, instituted in the memory of Late Pabindra Nath Sarma, freedom fighter and senior advocate of Gauhati High Court, and his wife Kunjabala Devi, carry a cash award of Rs 30,000 and a citation each.
        • Tawang district in Arunachal Pradesh has been adjudged as the cleanest district in the North East on the basis of the reports of Swachh Survekshan Gramin (SSG)-2018. The SSG-2018 was carried out by a third party independent agency engaged by Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation, Govt of India from August 1 to 31 last across the country in 698 districts. The evaluation process was based on three parameters – direct observation of sanitation in public places (30 per cent), citizen feedback (35 per cent) and service level progress on sanitation as per Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin), IMIS (35 per cent). The State had earlier achieved Open Defecation Free (ODF) status on December 31, 2017. 
        • Sikkim received two awards at the Swachh Bharat Diwas function organised by Union Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. Sikkim was awarded the first prize in the ‘Cleanest State’ category for North East region at the ‘Swachh Bharat Puraskar 2018’ awards. The East District of Sikkim received the third prize in the ‘Cleanest District’ category for North East region



        Wednesday, 3 October 2018

        2nd & 3rd October 2018 | Assam Daily Current Affairs for APSC




        • Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal today launched the Swahid Kushal Konwar Sarbajanin Briddha Pension Achoni. The scheme, which seeks to universalise the pension system in the State, has been designed by the government from its own resources with an annual financial involvement of Rs 400 crore. All senior citizens above 60 years of age would be entitled to get the benefit of the scheme through Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) to their bank accounts.
        • Starting January 1, 2019, the State government will provide two new schemes for farmers. Under the scheme, if a farmer takes a loan of Rs 2 lakh, the interests of the loan would be paid by the State government and if a farmer takes a loan to the tune of Rs 3 lakh and upon successful payment of 75 per cent instalments, the State government would waive the remaining 25 per cent loan amount of the farmer.
        • Located at Panbazar in the city, the only women police station in the North East today celebrated the 25 years of its existence. Set up in 1993 with minimal staff, including one woman sub-inspector as the in-charge, one woman ASI and eight woman constables, the women police station has been over the years addressing issues of women in despair, hailing from the city and its nearby areas.
        • Manipur became the 23rd Open Defecation Free (ODF) State of India and the fifth ODF State in North East India under the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) on the National Cleanliness Day. The Google Toilet Locator and Swacchta App have already been launched in the State to locate the nearest public toilet and provide a web platform on which citizens can upload photos of garbage to help the authorities remove it.
        • Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Tuesday launched a medley version of Bapu's favourite bhajan 'Vaishnav jan to tene kahiye' sung by artists from over 40 countries, during the closing ceremony of the Mahatma Gandhi International Sanitation Conference here. As part of the year-long celebrations leading to Gandhi's 150th birth anniversary, artists from over 124 countries have contributed musically and paid homage to the Mahatma through his favourite bhajan
        • Air Marshal Raghunath Nambiar, took over as the Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Eastern Air Command (EAC) of Indian Air Force. Air Marshal is an alumnus of the National Defence Academy and was commissioned in the IAF as Fighter Pilot in June 1981. He is an Experimental Test Pilot and has flown 42 types of aircraft as Pilot in Command. He has the distinction of having the highest number of flying hours on the Mirage-2000 in the IAF with over 2,300 flying hours to his credit, and overall 5,100 hours of flying experience.
        • Meghalaya Chief Minister Conrad Sangma today termed Jackfruit as a “ready made asset” which needs to be value-added to transform the economy, especially in the rural areas of the State. Launching the Jackfruit Mission, Sangma said that when it comes to plantation projects there is a wait-in period to reap the benefits, but in the case of Jackfruit the assets have already been created. Terming the Jackfruit as a low-hanging fruit literally waiting to be plucked for economic benefits, Sangma added, the Jackfruit Mission would give the right direction to value-add the product.
        • Wage Compensation Scheme for Pregnant Women in Tea Garden areas of the State is lauched by Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal. Termed this as a historic initiative of the State government which would be able to considerably bring down the mortality rate among the pregnant women of the tea community. 
        • Star sprinter Hima Das will join the Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) as an A-Grade officer under the sports quota at the Indian Oil AOD State Office .

        Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal today formally hoisted India’s tallest National Flag (from the average city elevation) at Gandhi Mandap here.

        • The flag is a part of the ‘Refurbishment of Gandhi Mandap’ project under Guwahati Smart City Limited and funded by the State Department of Industries and Commerce.
        • The 319.5-foot flag pole is the tallest in the country with respect to the average elevation of the city. Considering only the height of the pole, it is ranked third highest in the country after Attari border, which is 360 feet in height, and Pimpri Chinchwad Bhakti Shakti Chawk in Pune that has a height of 351 feet. 
        • The construction work of pole and podium for the flag was carried out by Bajaj Electricals Limited. The project was started in April, 2018. The total project cost is Rs 2.92 crore, which includes operations and maintenance for a period of one year.

        The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) is covered under the RTI Act and answerable to the people of the country under its mechanism, the Central Information Commission (CIC) ruled on Monday.

        • The commission, the top appellate body in RTI matters, went through the law, orders of the Supreme Court, the Law Commission of India report, submissions of the Central Public Information Officer in the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports to conclude that the status, nature and functional characteristics of the BCCI fulfil required conditions of Section 2(h) of the RTI Act.
        • “The SC has also reaffirmed that the BCCI is the ‘approved’ national-level body holding virtually monopoly rights to organise cricketing events in the country,” Information Commissioner Sridhar Acharyulu said in a 37-page long order. He directed the president, secretary and Committee of Administrators to designate deserving officers as central public information officers, central assistant public information officers and first appellate authorities as required under the law. Acharyulu also directed the BCCI to put in place, within 15 days, online and offline mechanisms to receive applications for information under the RTI Act. 

        Assam imports around Rs 1,650 crore worth eggs, meat and milk every year.

        • According to a recent survey, availability of milk in the State in just 70 ml per day, against the requirement of 300 ml and national average of 167 ml.
        • Annual milk production growth is only 1.8 per cent compared to the national average of over 6 per cent and more than 90 per cent of the milk produced is in the informal sector. Similar is the case with egg and meat.

        Steps to Address the issue:

        • Rejuvenate the 61 livestock farms in the State under the mentoring of Assam Livestock Agency and National Livestock Mission where demonstration activities would be carried out for capacity augmentation of farmers. 
        • A tie-up is being done with NABARD for credit linkage to farmers in a bid to increase productivity. Focus would on breeding hybrid cows whose productivity is much higher than the indigenous ones.
        • Up-gradation of 17 laboratories not only for disease diagnosis and reporting but also as a nodal point for Food Safety Act stipulations with the purview of animal based food products.
        • Emphasis is being laid on IT and a new app Dhenu would be launched soon to ensure that precise and current information will be available on demand which help in monitoring as well as decision making. 
        • Dhenu will have three modules - functional, admin and add on modules. The function module involves all the service delivery part, scheme implementation, disease monitoring and sale of products, while the admin module deals with asset management, land bank, Inventory management, vehicle management, collaboration with administration matters of establishment, etc., and add-on module includes the GIS application, MIS and dashboard, data analysis helpline, etc.

        What is the Montreal Protocol?






        The Montreal Protocol, finalized in 1987, is a global agreement to protect the stratospheric ozone layer by phasing out the production and consumption of ozone-depleting substances (ODS)

        1.  The importance of the Montreal Protocol in protecting climate by protecting the ozone layer by limiting the emissions of ODS.
        2.  The 1987 Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer is a landmark agreement that has successfully reduced the global production, consumption, and emissions of ozone-depleting substances (ODSs).
        3.  What are the key differences between Kyoto and Montreal Protocol? The Kyoto Protocol, also known as the Kyoto Accord, is an international treaty among industrialized nations that sets mandatory limits on greenhouse gas emissions. ... Montreal Protocol came into existence when OZONE HOLE was discovered at Antarctica.
        4.  The stratospheric ozone layer filters out harmful ultraviolet radiation, which is associated with an increased prevalence of skin cancer and cataracts, reduced agricultural productivity, and disruption of marine ecosystems.
        5.  The United States ratified the Montreal Protocol in 1988 and has joined four subsequent amendments.
        6.  On October 15, 2016, Parties to the Montreal Protocol adopted the Kigali amendment to phase down production and consumption of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) worldwide. HFCs are widely used alternatives to ozone depleting substances such as hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), already controlled under the Protocol.
        7.  The Significance of Kigali Amendment: This amendment creates market certainty and opens international markets to new technology that is better for the environment, without compromising performance.


        Tuesday, 2 October 2018

        My Journey to Success - Tapan Deka, IRS (IT), UPSC 2017, RANK - 859





        PERSONAL PROFILE

        Name 
        Tapan Deka
        Rank in Civil Services
        859
        Roll No.         
        0276907
        Age
        29
        Marital Status
        Single
        Total attempts in UPSC (including this one)       
        4
        Optional Subjects
        Literature of Assamese Language
        Service preferences Top – 3 (IAS, IPS, IRS etc.)
        IAS, IPS, IRS(IT)
        Service Joined
        IRS(IT)
        Schooling Medium (English/Assamese/Hindi/Bengali)
        English
        College Medium (English/Assamese/Hindi/Bengali)
        English
        Medium chosen for Mains answers
        English
        Medium chosen for Interview
        English
        Home town/city
        Guwahati
        Work-experience if any
        2 years

        EDUCATIONAL DETAILS

        % in class 10
        89.6
        % in class 12
        87
        Graduation course and %
        8.19/10
        Name of college, city, passing out year
        NIT Surat, Surat, 2011
        Post-graduation
        IIM Ahmedabad
        Any other professional courses
        NA
        Hobbies & Extracurricular achievements
        Reading, Writing, Teaching, Playing football and cricket

        UNDERSTANDING YOUR ONLINE LIFE?

        Daily hrs spent on online platforms for predicting cutoff / syllabus change / age-attempt limit change and other “peripheral-discussion“ related to civil services.        
        NIL
        Daily hrs spent on WhatsApp, Facebook, Telegram study groups
        Was done in conjunction with regular study. Time varied, sometimes discussions or MCQ sessions used to happen in those groups
        Daily hrs spent on online for exam prep/mock test
        Depends on the topic being studied on the particular day. I used to watch videos of various topics as well as read up on Current Affairs online, so sometimes I spent a significant time online.
        Primary Device for online study: desktop, laptop, tablet, mobile           
        Laptop and mobile

        ANSWER WRITING

        Did you use highlighters / sketch pens in your answers?
        No, due to paucity of time while writing answers. But if time permits, can be a good way to enhance presentation
        Did you draw any diagram in any paper? (e.g. in Geography) If yes, Did you draw diagrams with pencil or pen?
        Yes, drew diagrams and flowcharts in many answers across subjects like Geography, Science and Technology, Economy. Initially with pencil, but shifted to pen in later stages of the papers due to paucity of time
        Did you use ruler to draw the lines in diagram? Or did you just make it by hand?
        By hand
        You wrote the answer in blue pen or black pen?
        Blue

        QUESTIONNAIRE:

        1. Tell us something about yourself, your family, when and why did you enter in this field of competitive exams?

        I come from the beautiful city of Guwahati, the capital city of the Assam. I am the son of two wonderful people who have seen a lot of hard times during their lifetime, which contributed in shaping of the person that I am today. Having schooled in Guwahati, I pursued my B.Tech in Computer Engineering from NIT Surat and Post-Graduation in Management from IIM Ahmedabad. I did some brief stints with IBM and FinIQ Consulting. I like to spend my time reading novels and occasionally writing as well. I enjoy teaching and have taken a few classes for students preparing for various competitive examinations. I hope that I shall be able to contribute to the society in a meaningful way in the future.

        I have had an inclination for the civil services since childhood. I have always had an urge to do something constructive in life for the betterment of the society we live in, and contribute meaningfully to the development of the hitherto backward region I belong to, and these are my primary motivation for inclination towards the civil services. However, due to lack of guidance as well as misleading information about the difficulty level of the exam by successful candidates, I felt that civil services was something that was out of bounds for someone like me and I somehow didn’t pursue it. However, in my second year of Post-Graduation, seeing another friend of mine taking the exam, I thought of at least appearing in the exam to know about it. 

        The first attempt was without any preparation as such. After graduating from business school, I attempted again, this time too without adequate preparation. The experience of the two attempts, albeit without any preparation, made me realize that this exam is definitely doable with the right amount of preparation. And since February, 2015, I began to judiciously prepare for the examination. In the third attempt, I went up to the Mains stage but couldn’t clear it due to poor marks in the optional subject, leading me to change the optional subject. Continued preparation for the exam again and cleared it the next time with a rank of 859. Although expected a much better rank, owing to the preparation and how I fared in the papers, I am thankful to the Almighty for his blessings and my parents for their continued support at all times due to which the success in the exam was possible.  

        2. In recent times, there is spur in electronic material- blogs, sites, pdfs, RSS-feeds. Many aspirants feel bogged down by this information overload. So, how do you balance this i.e. electronic material vs. paper material (Books, newspapers)

        The best way is to keep resources limited. Choose only one or two sites or groups to follow and focus only on those. Don’t get bogged down by news of new material being released by some XYZ institute or XYZ site. While following Current Affairs, only one, or at max two sources should be followed. Same applies to books and material related to other topics as well. 

        Every website or book covers almost the same topics, in more or less depth.  I balance electronic vs paper material depending on availability of material on the topic. While static portion of the syllabus is mostly covered from books, the current topics are covered from online sources. Also, if something is to be understood, can watch a small video on the topic or read from an online source.

        3.  Do you maintain self-notes for revision of optional? In which format- electronic or paper? What is your style of preparation and notes making? 

        I did not make proper notes, but I feel that note making is very important and would help tremendously. I used to scribble some points on paper itself, which were not in proper notes format, so did not serve me much. Any aspirant should follow his or her own style of reading that suites him or her best depending on availability of time and ease of revision. I used to underline things within books, or PDFs itself which helped me while revising.

        4. What was your approach in the exam? 

        It depends on the particular paper of the day. In case the aspirant has at least some bleak idea about a question, in my opinion, he or she should attempt that question, since every mark counts in this examination. One should however prioritize the questions to be answered by giving more time to questions they’re sure about. Very good points must be written for those questions. For the questions with very brief idea, they should be attempted towards the end with not much time or effort devoted to those. In case for any question without the faintest of idea, the best will be to leave it as it is, or scribble two or three points ONLY if time permits. They should not be attempted at the cost of the questions one is sure about.

        5. Did you write answers in bullet points or in paragraphs? Did you follow the “introduction-body-conclusion” format. 


        I followed a mix of point and paragraph format, and occasionally used diagrams and flowcharts. However, it is better to write in point format for better clarity and readability. Also, headings and sub headings should be used within the point format. I judiciously followed the Introduction-Body-Conclusion format.

        Yes, as long as the content is strong and presented well, one can definitely write the entire paper in point format. There have been many selections of people following this method, which proves that we need not stick to any pre-defined format of answer writing as such. As long as we are able to write what is exactly asked for in the question, it is perfectly fine.

        6. What’s your optional subject and why did you chose it and not something else? If a new aspirant wants to pick your subject, would you advice for it or against it?

        My optional subject was Assamese Literature. Initially, I had Management as an optional but changed into Assamese later, for two reasons. I had a good hold on the language due to my occasional writings in the language as well as due to the fact that my parents could help me out in preparing for the optional papers. Also, since I was preparing from Guwahati, I could approach Faculty members in the subject and get their inputs, as well as get notes and material easily from the book stalls and students of M.A. in Assamese.

        7. What are the books you studied doing your preparations and your list of recommended books? 

        One must be up to date with the current affairs and latest happenings, so use of newspapers and/or online sources for them is a must. One cannot rely only on books for this exam.
        I used to revise NCERT books of the subjects pertaining to the syllabus of the exam from Class 6 to 12. Apart from them, some books that I followed.

        1. Indian Polity – M. Laxmikanth

        2. Geography – G.C.Leong, NCERT 9-12

        3. Ancient India – old NCERT

        4. Medieval India – old NCERT, Tamil Nadu History Class 11

        5. Modern India – Spectrum Publications, Bipan Chandra

        6. Environment – Shankar IAS Academy

        For other subjects, I followed various random sources, including printed material and online sources. Searching on Google by the keywords given in the Mains syllabus, we can get some very good material prepared by various coaching institutes.

        8.  How many months did it take to finish the optional syllabus?

        It takes around three months to complete the syllabus of any optional.

        9. Did you attend any ‘mock tests’? Do you think they’re necessary for success? How many days/ weeks before the exam, you started answer writing practice papers?

        Yes, I took mock tests for both prelims and Mains. I feel they are very necessary because they help us practice and get acquainted with the type of questions that may be asked, the difficulty level we may expect and help us self-analyse the mistakes we are making and where to focus our efforts more.

        Ideally, we must take mocks a few months before the exams and then revise them before the exam. I had taken a lot of prelims tests before the prelims, and the month before prelims, I had revised them. For Mains, I started answer writing only after prelims, and so I could devote only around two months for it properly. It would have been better if it was started a bit earlier.

        Interview

        1.  How did you prepare for the interview? – (for college grad, hobbies, place of origin, current affairs at national and international level)

        1. Made a list of topics based on my DAF (Detailed Application Form) based on my analysis of what type of questions are possible
        2. Sent DAF to friends, mentors and sought questions from them
        3. Prepared responses to such questions. Did online study on my hobbies, institute, region and followed the newspapers for current affairs
        4. Gave a few mock interviews at coaching institutes

        2.  Did you attend any mock interviews by coaching classes? Do you believe it is necessary to attend such mock interviews?

        Yes.

        Although the mock interviews try to imitate an actual interview, I felt that interviews at UPSC are much more relaxed and intellectually satisfying.However, it is better to take a few (not excessive) mock interviews to gauge one’s strengths, weaknesses and focus areas.

        We must not get bogged down by comments from the mock interviewers, but use our own analysis and act accordingly.

        3. Where did you stay for the interview? (Hotel / friend’s home …) and what books/material did you bring for the ‘revision before interview’?

        I stayed at Assam Bhawan in Chanakyapuri. I revised my notes prepared for the interview and read newspapers.

        4. Who was the chairman of you interview board? How long was the interview? 

        Chairman: P.K.Joshi

        Duration: About half an hour

        Yes, there is definitely a lot of scope of doing social service from private sector as well as in an individual capacity. However, I feel that a civil servant is able to touch the lives of people more closely than any sector. The ability to co-ordinate with various administrative departments is another added advantage. However, it ultimately boils down to one’s personal preferences and one should contribute in the manner that suits them best.

        5.  Describe the formal-dress worn by you on the day of your interview.

        I wore a dark blue coloured suit with a light blue shirt and a purple coloured tie, with black shoes with laces.

        6.  Was your interview on the expected lines of what you had prepared or did they ask you totally unexpected questions?  

        Interview was more or less on expected lines. Questions asked were not exactly what I prepared for, but the preparation for the interview helped me in tackling those questions.
        The interview transcript is attached below.

        7. Any side details about technicalities like “make sure you bring xyz document or do xyz thing, or you’ll face problem”?

        UPSC is quite a flexible organization with helpful staff. Before the interview, it is clearly mentioned what documents and photos are to be brought for the interview. However, in the case of a document not being available at that moment, one can give an undertaking of providing it within a certain time period by post or in person.

        8. Please narrate your entire interview- what questions did they ask and what did you reply and other pleasant or uncomfortable experiences during the interview.


        Board: P.K.Joshi
        Date: 04-05-2017 (Afternoon)
        Position: 3rd
        Panel Members: Chairman, M1, M2, FM1, M4




        Me: May I come in Sir
        Chairman: Please come in
        Me (enter the room, walk a few steps, stop and greet with hands behind the back): Good afternoon Sir. Good afternoon Ma’am. Good afternoon Sirs
        Everyone: Good afternoon
        I wait for them to ask me to take the seat.
        Chairman: Please take your seat
        Me: Thank you Sir
        Chairman: (Reading from my DAF) So you have done your Engineering from XXX College in XXXX year, then you did your MBA in XXXX, then you worked as Business Analyst in XXXX, but you left it in only 8 months. After that you have worked as Faculty in XYZ College, your salary has drastically dropped to just 5000 rupees. Why such a change?
        Me: Sir, I had left my job to prepare full time for civil services. I was invited by the Director of that institute to take a few classes and I was paid 2000 per class. I was only a Part Time Faculty and did only a few classes, so over a span of 8 months, it came out to be 5000 per month.
        Chairman: What was your role as a Business Analyst in your company?
        Me: Sir, the company is an IT firm in Financial Services. My role was Sales – pitching for new clients, client management and people management. Based on requirements of the client, we develop modules for them. I was involved with a client Bangkok Bank Limited for developing an FX system. I had a team of 25 people under me to develop the system.
        Chairman: What did you teach in XXX College?
        Me: Sir, I took classes on HR, OB, Operations… Sir, I mean Human Resources Management, Organizational Behavior…
        Chairman: And what did you teach at XXX University
        Me: Sir, it was a 50 day crash course to prepare students for UPSC and State service examinations. I took classes on Economy, Art and Culture and Aptitude.
        Chairman: Ok, I will give you a problem. Suppose there are 2 companies A and B. Both have the same capitalization, and both have same earnings in a year. Company A is paying dividend, but company B is not. Company A’s dividend per share is more than company B. Why do you think this is happening?
        Me (forgetting the last statement): Sir, dividend decisions of companies are dependent on factors like shareholder interests and future expansion. Company A might be wanting to assure their shareholders of good returns on their shares, so paying dividend while company B is retaining that money for future expansion of the business or for operational purposes for next fiscal years.
        Chairman: But why is company A’s dividend per share higher than company B?
        Me: Sir, the Present Value of the cash flows should be the same in both cases
        Chairman: I had said their capitalization is same, so what constitutes capitalization.
        Me: Sir, debt and…(interrupted)
        Chairman: Yes, so debt is also a part right. So one company may have higher debt
        Me (realizing my mistake, but still kept cool): Yes, Sir
        Chairman: So what is Capital Gear?
        Me (I heard capital gain): Sir, Capital gain is the increase in value of an asset. For example, if I buy a painting for 100 today and two years later its value becomes 150, it will be capital gain of 50.
        Chairman: I asked about Capital Gear
        Me: Sorry Sir…(1 sec pause) I am not aware of that
        Chairman: Do you know “some management term I have never heard, and don’t recall now”
        Me: No, Sir. I am not aware of it.
        Chairman: Suppose there is a company and it has estimated the cost of production of an item as 60000 rupees per unit, and selling price as 72000 per unit making a profit of 12000. Now, after production, it was found that the cost came out to be 80000. How will you present your case to the manager?
        Me: Sir, it would depend on the costing methodology used whether same method was used for both. If marginal costing method will be used, we will be considering only the variable costs and the cost will come out to be less. I think we have a higher cost value because we also took the fixed costs
        Chairman: Fixed costs will be there for a lot of items, so how will you separate fixed costs from it
        Me: Sir, we will have to reduce the values of land, property, machinery from the costs to get the variable costs
        Chairman: Is it the same as Standard Costing?
        Me: Sir, I am a little confused if standard costing is same as Absorption costing. If they are same, we will be taking the fixed cost values too.
        Chairman: You have cleared NET also. Why don’t you go for teaching?
        Me: Sir, my first priority is civil services.
        Chairman: Have you heard of HR Accounting?
        Me: Yes Sir
        Chairman: How can you account for the work that people do?
        Me: Sir, we can different metrics to measure the amount for HR. For example, in IT companies, there can be metrics like numbers of hours billed to client, number of modules created in certain numbers of working hours.
        Chairman: Ok, (indicating to M1 to ask)


        M1: Let me ask you, do you know about Strategic CSR?
        Me: Sir, I am not exactly aware of the term, can I make a….
        M1: Yes, please
        Me: Sir, I think Strategic CSR will be those CSR activities which are planned for a long term purpose unlike what is done currently. For example, if a company plans to construct a school instead of donating to NGOs for carrying out their activities
        M1: When this idea of CSR was introduced, CII, ASSOCHAM and others opposed this move. They said why doesn’t the Government take that 2% and do these activities themselves instead of asking the companies to do. But two years later, they have begun to praise it and are not criticizing it anymore Why is it so?
        Me: Sir, because companies have realized that it is good for the company as it creates value and helps in their business
        M1: What is this value that is created?
        Me: Sir, value as in terms of goodwill for the company. For example, ITC has this thing written on the back of their Classmate notebooks that 1 rupee from it is going for the education of the poor, so it helps in creating a positive image of the company in the minds of the customer.
        M1: So you mean to say that it is aligned with their larger business interests?
        Me: Yes, Sir
        M1: Ok, so this is called Strategic CSR when you align your CSR activities with the vision of your business
        Me: Yes, Sir
        M1: What is Soft CSR?
        Me: I am not aware of it Sir
        M1: Nowadays we are seeing a lot of young startups and they are also receiving a lot of investor funds. You have Amazon, Flipkart who are running into losses, but the investors are continuing to invest in the startups. What is the reason behind this?
        Me: Sir, the reason behind investors investing despite losses is they are trying to create a user base first and to wipe out competitors so that only a few players remain in the market. For example, in the cab business, we have seen a lot of investments in Uber and Ola, and they are currently the two major firms operating in the business with others being removed…
        M1: So what are investors seeking? Are investors looking at exit or entry?
        Me: Sir, currently investors are looking at entry. They are investing more and more in the startups to create user base and remove competitors (I don’t know why I repeated the same words I used in the previous answer again)
        M1: Have you heard of the current VIP and EPI issue
        Me: Sir, I am aware of the VIP beacon issue, but I am not aware of EPI
        M1: It’s Every Person is Important
        Me: Oh, Yes Sir Yes Sir I am aware
        M1: So how do you make every person feel important
        Me: Sir, there is a gap between the bureaucracy, politicians, ministers and general public due to the perception that they are not approachable. We will have to increase accessibility of officers for the general public. Only when people will know that they can come and directly meet officers will they come and seek redressal of their grievances.
        M1: What else can be done?
        Me: Sir, like the red beacon on cars have been banned, we can also have policy of banning official vehicles and promoting use of public transport by officers, ministers. They will be able to interact with common people, and also people will feel close to them
        M1: What else?
        Me: (thinking for some 4-5 seconds): We can have community meetings. Also, we can have some dedicated days for organizing some forums where people’s grievances are noted like some Tuesday, or Thursday…
        M1: I will give you 3 statements, you answer me in Yes or No
        Football is sport
        Football is business
        Football helps in peace and building relationships
        Me: Ok Sir
        M1: Football is sport?
        Me: Yes Sir
        M1: Football is business?
        Me: Yes Sir, nowadays it is becoming a business
        M1: It helps in maintaining peace?
        Me: Yes Sir. (his face seemed like he wanted to get something more, so I continued) For example, in ISL, we have our team called North East United FC. Despite the hostility and problems between the North Eastern states, whenever the team plays, every one of us cheer for it. So, it has helped in promoting peace among the various communities and build relationships.)


        M1: (handing over the baton to M2 through a hand gesture)
        M2: How do you find ways to fulfil your interests?
        Me (confused as to what did he ask): Sir, I didn’t get you
        M2: How do you find ways to fulfil your interests? You have indicated quite a few interests (pointing to my DAF page). Do you devote time specifically for them?
        Me: No Sir, I do not give dedicated time for them. Most of my interests happen unconsciously. Like I have this interest of collecting boarding passes… (interrupted)
        M2: Yes yes I am coming to that. So you do not give dedicate time for your interests?
        Me: Yes Sir. They happen as and when the time comes, like I collect the passes when I travel
        M2: Do you get frustrated when your interests are not fulfilled?
        Me (a bit confused, but still didn’t show that): No Sir
        M3: You realize if you become a bureaucrat, you will not be able to undertake an airline travel maybe for the next 7-8 years. I don’t think you go about asking people for their boarding passes in the airport because that will be a very wrong thing to do (he said this with a big laugh, I joined in with a slight laugh too saying “No, No Sir definitely not”) So not able to travel, not getting hold on to them, will it not frustrate you
        Me: No Sir (with a smile). Infact I… (interrupted)
        M3: Are you sure you will not be frustrated?
        Me: Yes Sir. Like I have a liking for cars, but I don’t not get frustrated when I see a high end car, and that I am not able to get behind the steering wheel.
        M3: But you wish you were behind the wheel, that you had purchased it
        Me: Sir, I hope that I will be able to purchase one one day and I believe that I will be able to do so.
        M3: We have some good colleges in India but we fail to get into the top rankings in the world. One thing that is continuously mentioned is the lack of research. We have Professors from IIMs devoting a greater part of their time in teaching executive programs, consulting assignments. Do you think they should do consulting assignments? Instead shouldn’t they just go for research?
        Me: Sir, I agree that research is a bit low in our institutions. But I think doing consulting assignments is also good as it helps them in getting inputs which can help in research. Also, since they contribute a part of their consulting fee to the institute, it helps keep the fees low.
        M3: But consulting fee maybe constitutes only 30% of the total earnings of the institute. They also say that Professors tend to do a lot of executive programs. Should Professors devote a lot of time for executive programs?
        Me: Sir, executive programs are attended by people who have gained sufficient experience in their fields, of 5 years, or 7 years, or 9 years. So their inputs also help in Professor gaining inputs which can be used for their research.
        M3: Executive programs fetch the maximum money, so Professors want to take more of such classes. The per-class fee is very high. Research is neglected don’t you agree
        Me (nodding slowly but kept silent)
        M3 (after a period of silence of 5-6 seconds): Do you know about sterilization in context of RBI?
        Me: Yes Sir. It is an operation…whenever a lot of capital flows in to our country, dollars and other foreign currency, we need to supply rupees for those currencies which increases money supply in the country which may lead to inflation. To check that, RBI does an operation to stabilize money supply. This is called sterilization
        M3: What are these actions that can be taken?
        Me: Sir, one of the ways can be to go for limited convertibility. Like we convert only 60% of forex into rupees, rest 40% goes into our forex reserves.
        M3: But that will infuriate the investors. They will want their entire FDI to be converted to rupees
        Me: Sir, we already have this system of limited convertibility…
        M3: Ok, what else?
        Me: Sir, we can use the forex to finance our exports (damn  )
        M3: If you finance exports with that forex, won’t that be counter-productive. Your currency is appreciating, which will harm your exports. You are negating your own statement.
        Me (thinking for 3-4 seconds): Yes Sir


        M3 handing over baton to FM1
        FM1: The questions I would be asking, you would not have prepared
        Me: :o
        FM1: You have so many optional choices (pointing to the educational details table in DAF) why did you take Literature?
        Me: Ma’am I had Management as optional in my last attempt, but had changed it to Literature this year
        FM1: Because you felt you did not get adequate benefits out of it?
        Me: Yes Ma’am
        FM1: So it means you do not have genuine interest in Literature?
        Me: No Ma’am, it’s not like that. I like Literature. Assamese was the first language I learned in school. Also, my parents are graduates in Assamese, so I could get a lot of help from them.
        FM1: (exact question I don’t remember) Something regarding my own interest in Literature
        Me: No Ma’am, I write in Assamese too. So I chose.
        FM1: Tell me the difference between theme and plot
        Me (taking some 5-6 seconds to think): Ma’am, theme will be the overall feel of the written content. Like a novel on crime would have crime as theme. A plot will be how the story is…carried forward (my voice came in bits and pieces while answering this, a bit of nervousness was easily observable and hand movements were prominent)
        FM1: Tell me the difference between rhythm and “don’t remember the term”
        Me (thinking for a long time, tension evident on face, forgot the second term asked there itself): Sorry Ma’am, I don’t know
        FM1: Tell me difference between unity and uniformity
        Me: Ma’am uniformity means painting everyone with the same brush, and unity means collection of different things to form a whole.
        FM1: Tell me difference between equity and equality
        Me: Ma’am, equality means treating everyone on the same platform. Equity means giving opportunity to the weaker group to be able to compete with the stronger on the same platform. Like if we have a poor man and a rich man, giving concessions to the poor so that he is able to compete with the rich is equity.
        (A bit of fumbling was evident in the “tell me the difference between” questions)
        FM1: What type of stories do you like to write, character centric or story centric?
        Me: Ma’am, I like character centric stories, and my writings are also mostly character centric,
        FM1: Tell me one author who wrote character centric stories
        Me: Ma’am, Shakespeare
        FM1 (gave an expression of disapproval)
        Me: Ma’am, his plays like Macbeth, Hamlet…
        FM1: But Macbeth has a very powerful story line
        Me: Yes Ma’am, but if we look at the naming of his play Macbeth, and also his other plays, they are mostly on character names
        FM1: Tell me one other character centric author
        Me: Ma’am, Walter Scott


        FM1 handing over baton to M4
        M4 (pointing towards pencil and page in front of me): Write
        M4: NPTEL, MOOCs
        I write them down on the page
        M4: What are these?
        Me: Sir, NPTEL is an initiative started by IITs to provide online classes for the public. MOOC is Massive Open Online Courses is similar to NPTEL where online classes for different subjects are available for viewing for free by public. If one needs a certificate, they will have to pay a certain fee.
        M4: Do you think they can replace class room teaching?
        Me: No Sir, I think they can supplement class room teaching and not replace them.
        M4: Why do you think so?
        Me: Sir, a lot of people like the feel of studying in a class room situation. Also, online classes do not provide for doubt clearing sessions. Also, since online classes can be watched anytime and anywhere, there is a lack of seriousness as there is no supervision or nobody to reprimand
        M4: You might have also bunked classes in college…
        Me: Yes Sir (with a smile)
        M4: So you could study those subjects without the teacher
        Me: Yes Sir, but for doubt clearing…
        M4: For clearing doubts, you can have a separate online session
        Me: Yes Sir, but clearing doubts in real time is liked by many
        M4: Ok, you have mentioned your hobby as football, tell me what is the role of a captain in football, when the game is being played? I see no role of a captain in football
        Me (thinking for 4-5 seconds): Sir, a captain can determine the formation during the game, he can assign players who they need to guard
        M4: But formation is decided by coach before the game, and who will guard who is also decided before the game. Even who goes in and goes out is decided by coach
        Me (silent for a few seconds)
        M4: Can you relate this to the teacher example
        Me (thinking for a few seconds): Sir, like a teacher, the captain can act as a motivator for the players, and also reprimand them if they are not playing well…
        M4: Ok. What is the relationship between Lakshminath Bezbaroa and Rabindranath Tagore?
        Me: Sir, Lakshminath Bezbaroa had married in the Thakur family. His wife was the daughter of the second son, or third son, no Sir second son of Debendranath Thakur (I said Thakur instead of Tagore). So she will be niece of Rabindranath…
        M4: Ok ok so you know their relationship
        Me: Yes Sir
        M4: What is Environmental Racism?
        Me (thinking about it for 2-3 seconds): Sir, I don’t know
        M4 (still looking for an answer)
        Me (stay silent)
        Meanwhile, Chairman Sir indicates to M4 to end the session.
        M4: Sir, final two questions
        M4 (turning towards me): The other states of the North East allege that Assam is more developed than them. Do you agree?
        Me: Yes Sir
        M4: What do you think that is the case?
        Me: Sir, the first glaring difference is in infrastructure development. Assam is mostly a plain area so it has roads, railways developed but the others states are hilly… (interrupted)
        M4: Ok infrastructure I understood, what else?
        Me: Sir, the discrimination faced by the people of the other states is also more, due to their physical features. People of Assam also face discrimination, but a lot less than the other states
        M4: What else?
        Me: Sir, in terms of economic opportunities that have been tapped. In Assam, oil, natural gas, plywood they have been exploited, but the other states, despite having a lot of natural resources, they have not been economically exploited
        M4: What else?
        Me: Sir, I think the reference to Assam’s organizations get more prominence than the groups of other states. Like people outside Assam know about ULFA, NDFB, but are not aware of Kuki Liberation Front, GNLA… Garo National Liberation Army due to the scale of their attacks…
        M4: Ok (indicating towards Chairman that he is done)

        Chairman: Ok, your interview is over
        Me: Thank You Sir

        The Miscellaneous Ones


        1. If you were not selected, what was your career backup plan?

        I would have re-joined the private sector if I did not clear the examination in this attempt. However, I would have continued preparing for the examination while being on the job.

        2. Many candidates prepare sincerely but constantly live under fear about ‘profile insecurity’. 

        I’m not from a big college, I’m not from English medium, and I don’t have work-experience. What if they ask some stressful questions in the interview about this? Did you suffer from such insecurities? What is your message to these candidates?

        I did not suffer from these insecurities as you mentioned, but I had some other insecurities of my own on somewhat similar lines related to education or work experience. From my experience of interacting with hundreds of civil servants and aspirants, I can definitely say that there is no English medium bias or big college bias in UPSC.

         Every year, aspirants from diverse disciplines, work experience, family or financial backgrounds are selected which prove that it is only the merit in the exam that matters, not one’s previous experiences

        3.  People, most of them lack consistency in their preparation. So, how do you keep study momentum going on? How do you fight against the mood swings and distractions?


        My parents were my pillars of strength during this period. Mood swings, frustration and desire to quit are inherent about this exam and I believe, overtaking those obstacles and emerging a better, persistent person is another attribute of this exam not experienced anywhere.

        We must take regular breaks daily and on periodic intervals to break and monotony and stay consistent. Staying focused on the main goal is essential to remain motivated. In this, online groups on WhatsApp, Telegram also helps as well as your study groups to keep you consistent in your studies.

        4. Through this struggle and success, what have your learned? What is the wisdom of life and competition? What is your message to the new aspirants? Many hardworking candidates have failed in  Mains/Interview. They’re feeling cynical, hopeless and depressed- what is your message to them?


        I have learned that this exam is not a difficult exam to clear, the only things required are right study, consistency and ability to stay focussed for a long time. The support system for this exam is very important and this is where the role of family, friends and loved ones becomes important. They should be patient, supportive and motivating. 

        Aspirants should not be bothered about frequent taunts or curiosity by relatives, neighbours about you wasting your time by sitting at home/hostel/PG and should not allow the social pressure to show results affect their preparation.

        However, ultimately, there is a considerable luck factor involved as well, and despite the best of preparation, some people may fail to clear this exam. In such hard times, it is important to get hold on oneself and try to rectify the mistakes made and work on them and hope for the best.

        5. Behind every topper are many people who stood by during those uncertain times when he/she was merely an ‘aspirant’. Would you like to tell the world, who were those people in your case? Any specific incidence that you would like to share with the readers?

        I would like to mention about my parents, my girlfriend and my dear friends Mridul, Subhajit and Pranav who were my constant sources of motivation and support.



        Tapan Deka with his parents



        Thank You for taking the effort to fill this questionnaire. Your effort will go a long way to guide someone in their preparations and fulfill their long cherished dream of becoming a civil servant.


        Part 1 published in The Assam Tribune


        Part 2 of Interview published in The Assam Tribune


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