Tuesday, 4 September 2018

4th September 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC


Flood Control

  • The reservoirs being built on the rivers of the NE region must have the provision of flood cushions. 
  • This is the opinion expressed by highly placed sources in the Brahmaputra Board here. Striking a balance between the cost of hydropower generation and the cost of preserving the environment is the good approach towards building the hydel projects in this geological region, they maintained.
  • It perhaps needs no mention here that the Brahmaputra Board prepared master plans for 50 rivers of the NE region, and recommended multipurpose projects on 14 of them.
  • Between the 1980s and 2000, it prepared detailed project reports (DPRs) for five of the multipurpose projects proposed on these rivers, including the Subansiri, the Siang, the Tipaimukh, Pagladiya and Bhairabi. During that period, it conducted investigations for another nine projects including two each on the Subansiri and Siang and one each on the Lohit and the Dibang in Arunachal Pradesh and one project on each of the Simsang, Kynshi, and Umngot in Meghalaya, among others. 
  • Last year, the Board submitted DPRs on two multipurpose projects, one each on the Kulsi on the Meghalaya-Assam border and on the Noadihing in Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Sources said most of the hydel projects proposed to be built in the NE region are run-of-the-river ones and these are likely to create some environmental as well as flood problems in the downstream areas.
  • The Board submitted DPRs on two multipurpose projects, one each on the Kulsi on the Meghalaya-Assam border and on the Noadihing in Arunachal Pradesh.
  • In the year of 2009-'10, the Board told the Union Ministry of Water Resources that the Ranganadi Hydel Project of the North Eastern Electric Power Corporation (NEEPCO) does not allow the bed load of the river to be carried off by its flow in the lean season. It was because of the diversion of the river's flow to the Dikrong that the river has lost its own course management capacity

Make In India

  • Indian engineers involved in defense product manufacturing would be trained by German experts in “Blast Protection Systems for Defense Applications” under the NDA Government’s “Make in India” initiative.
  • In other words, German expertise in manufacturing Safes, which provides protection against major blasts, would be provided to Indian engineers as per an agreement.
  • The agreement was signed between Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) and German company Muller Safe GmbH. BEL is a Navaratna Public Sector Undertaking under Ministry of Defence known for the manufacture of EVMs and other defence products in India.
  • Muller Safe on the other hand is renowned the world over for manufacturing Safes which protects from blasts, be it bombs or missiles. It is well known for producing the Panzer (Tank in German) brand of products and is a renowned manufacturer of safety equipments.

Population growth in West Bengal

  • West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee may be opposing the update of National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam tooth and nail, but the Muslim population in her own state has recorded a growth rate of 310.95 per cent. 
  • According to an analysis published in Economic and Political Round Up between 1951 and 2001, while the growth rate of Hindus in West Bengal was 198.54 per cent, the Muslims recorded a growth rate of 310.95 per cent.
  • This significant upswing in population growth rate of Muslims in West Bengal is attributed to illegal migration from Bangladesh. West Bengal does not witness any socio-political unrest against them. This could be because of similarities of language and culture, which generate a feeling of oneness with the illegal migrants among the local people and induce them to sympathise with the illegal migrants.

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