Thursday, 27 September 2018

27th September 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC

The Supreme Court of India on Wednesday upheld the constitutional validity of ‘Aadhaar’ 

  • Limited the scope of the controversial biometric identity project, ruling that it is not mandatory for bank accounts, mobile connections or school admissions.
  • Holding there was nothing in the Aadhaar Act that violates right to privacy of an individual, a five-judge constitution bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra in a 4 to 1 verdict also cleared the use of Aadhaar for welfare schemes after a long-drawn legal battle against the government’s ambitious project, which incorporates the world’s largest biometric ID database. 
  • The court, however, held Aadhaar would remain mandatory for filing of Income Tax(IT) returns and allotment of Permanent Account Number (PAN). 
  • The court struck down Section 57 of the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016 that permitted private entities like telecom companies or other corporates to avail of the biometric Aadhaar data.
  • Ruling that Aadhaar authentication data cannot be stored for more than six months, the court also directed the government not to give Aadhaar to illegal immigrants.
  • Justice D Y Chandrachud gave a dissenting judgement in which he ruled the Aadhaar Act should not have been passed as Money Bill, saying it amounts to a fraud on the Constitution and is liable to be struck down. But the majority verdict by Justices A K Sikri, Ashok Bhushan and A M Khanwilkar besides the CJI upheld the passage of the Aadhaar Bill as a Money Bill by the Lok Sabha.

Services requiring Aadhaar linking: 
• It is mandatory to link PAN with Aadhaar.
• Aadhaar is compulsory for filing Income Tax returns.
• Aadhaar must for availing facilities of welfare schemes and government subsidies.
Services not requiring Aadhaar linking
• It is not mandatory to link bank account with Aadhaar.
• Telecom service providers cannot ask for linking mobile number with Aadhaar.
• CBSE, NEET, UGC cannot make Aadhaar mandatory.
• Aadhaar not compulsory for school admissions.
• No child can be denied benefits of any schemes on not being able to bring Aadhaar.

Unemployment in Assam

  • The total number of unemployed people registered at the 52 employment exchanges of the State up to December, 2017, was 19,63,376. Of the total unemployed people 13,56,612 are male and 6,06,764 are female. 
  • The employment exchange at Guwahati has the highest number of enrollment for both genders, with the figures for registered male unemployed and female unemployed being 2,07,920 and 77,725 respectively 


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