Friday, 28 September 2018

28th September 2018 | Daily Assam Current Affairs for APSC

  • The Centre has prepared a Rs 1,900 crore revival package for the Nagaon Paper Mill and the Cachar Paper Mill but a pending litigation in the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) has put the process on hold.
  • For the first time, a woman entrepreneur from the North East, Jesmina Zeliang, has been nominated as the president of the reception committee of the IHGF-Delhi Fair Autumn 2018.
  • Noted Sattriya danseuse Preetilekha Choudhury has received the prestigious Kalatirtha Award instituted by the Manav Kalyan Mandal of Gujarat for her contribution towards the classical dance heritage of the country. Choudhury had earlier received another prestigious award – the Kalabushan Award of the Saptarang Cultural Festival – at Nanded in Maharashtra.
  • Declaring that adultery is not a crime, the Supreme Court on Thursday struck down a colonial-era anti-adultery law, saying it was unconstitutional, dented the individuality of women and treated them as “chattel of husbands”. The apex court’s five-judge Constitution bench was unanimous in striking down Section 497 of the Indian Penal Code dealing with the offence of adultery, holding it as manifestly arbitrary, archaic and violative of the rights to equality and equal opportunity to women. A five-judge bench comprising Chief Justice Dipak Misra and Justices R F Nariman, A M Khanwilkar, DY Chandrachud and Indu Malhotra said that unequal treatment of women invites the wrath of the Constitution.
  • The Assam Legislative Assembly today passed ‘The Assam Electricity Duty (Amendment) Bill, 2018,’ even as the Congress MLAs staged a walkout alleging that the passage of the Bill would result in higher cost of electricity increasing the burden on consumers. The Bill “seeks to amend certain provisions of The Assam Electricity Duty Act, 1964 to give effect to the announcement made in Part II of the Budget Speech for the fiscal 2018-19” by the Finance Minister. Section 3 on the Act has been amended to “provide for levy of electricity duty on ad valorem basis at five per cent of value instead of specific duty of twenty paise per unit.” Besides, sub-section (4) of section 3 has also been amended to “empower the State government to enhance electricity duty in future with a upper ceiling of ten percentum of the aggregate value of energy charges and fixed charges.”

Thursday, 27 September 2018

27th September 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC

The Supreme Court of India on Wednesday upheld the constitutional validity of ‘Aadhaar’ 

  • Limited the scope of the controversial biometric identity project, ruling that it is not mandatory for bank accounts, mobile connections or school admissions.
  • Holding there was nothing in the Aadhaar Act that violates right to privacy of an individual, a five-judge constitution bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra in a 4 to 1 verdict also cleared the use of Aadhaar for welfare schemes after a long-drawn legal battle against the government’s ambitious project, which incorporates the world’s largest biometric ID database. 
  • The court, however, held Aadhaar would remain mandatory for filing of Income Tax(IT) returns and allotment of Permanent Account Number (PAN). 
  • The court struck down Section 57 of the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016 that permitted private entities like telecom companies or other corporates to avail of the biometric Aadhaar data.
  • Ruling that Aadhaar authentication data cannot be stored for more than six months, the court also directed the government not to give Aadhaar to illegal immigrants.
  • Justice D Y Chandrachud gave a dissenting judgement in which he ruled the Aadhaar Act should not have been passed as Money Bill, saying it amounts to a fraud on the Constitution and is liable to be struck down. But the majority verdict by Justices A K Sikri, Ashok Bhushan and A M Khanwilkar besides the CJI upheld the passage of the Aadhaar Bill as a Money Bill by the Lok Sabha.

Services requiring Aadhaar linking: 
• It is mandatory to link PAN with Aadhaar.
• Aadhaar is compulsory for filing Income Tax returns.
• Aadhaar must for availing facilities of welfare schemes and government subsidies.
Services not requiring Aadhaar linking
• It is not mandatory to link bank account with Aadhaar.
• Telecom service providers cannot ask for linking mobile number with Aadhaar.
• CBSE, NEET, UGC cannot make Aadhaar mandatory.
• Aadhaar not compulsory for school admissions.
• No child can be denied benefits of any schemes on not being able to bring Aadhaar.

Unemployment in Assam

  • The total number of unemployed people registered at the 52 employment exchanges of the State up to December, 2017, was 19,63,376. Of the total unemployed people 13,56,612 are male and 6,06,764 are female. 
  • The employment exchange at Guwahati has the highest number of enrollment for both genders, with the figures for registered male unemployed and female unemployed being 2,07,920 and 77,725 respectively 

Wednesday, 26 September 2018

26th September 2018 | Assam Daily Current Affairs for APSC

  • Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways Nitin Gadkari today announced that the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) would withdraw and the National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited (NHIDCL) would take its place for development of roads in the Northeast. Informing about the decision after a two-day review meeting of the ongoing national highway projects in the Northeast with chief ministers of the region, Gadkari said the NHIDCL is implementing sanctioned road projects worth Rs 1,66,000 crore in the Northeast. The NHAI, he added, has completed construction of 850 km of roads in the region costing Rs 7,000 crore. 
  • Kerala-based Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham University has set up a wireless sensor network system in Sikkim-Darjeeling belt to predict and signal early warning of landslides to locals.
  • Luka Modric ended Cristiano Ronaldo and Lionel Messi’s decade-long domination of football’s individual awards by being crowned FIFA’s best player of the year.
  • Noted writer Mayur Bora was conferred the Dr Moidul Islam Bora Literary Award 2018 by the Dr Moidul Islam Bora Smriti Rakshya Samity

The State Cabinet, under the chairmanship of Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal, several amendments which includes-

  • The Assam Special Land Act to give relief to small tea growers. Small tea growers would now be exempted from levy of cess amounting to 10 paise per kilogram. To promote tea export, the exporters who export tea from the Amingaon centre would get an exemption of Rs 6 per kilogram, sources added.
  • The Cabinet approved the Inland Water Transport Authority Bill for regulating and inspecting all vessels for their safety measures. 
  • Approved the Sports University Bill to set up a sports university at Chabua in the name of Aniruddha Dev.
  • Launch an old age pension scheme to below poverty level (BPL) and above poverty level (APL) beneficiaries from October 2 this year. The scheme will be launched by the Chief Minister in a function to be held at Sarusajai stadium here.
  • Amendment in the Assam GST Act by which GST registration has been relaxed from Rs 10 lakh annual turnover to Rs 20 lakh annual turnover.
  • Congratulated filmmaker Rima Das and decided to give her Rs 50 lakh as reward for her movie Village Rockstars that has been selected as India’s official entry for the Academy Awards, 2019.

List of Awardees

  • Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award: Virat Kohli and Mirabai Chanu.
  • Arjuna Awards: Neeraj Chopra, Jinson Johnson and Hima Das (Athletics); N Sikki Reddy (Badminton); Satish Kumar (Boxing); Smriti Mandhana (Cricket); Shubhankar Sharma (Golf); Manpreet Singh, Savita (Hockey), Ravi Rathore (Polo), Rahi Sarnobat, Ankur Mittal, Shreyasi Singh (Shooting); Manika Batra, G Sathiyan (Table Tennis); Rohan Bopanna (Tennis); Sumit (Wrestling); Pooja Kadian (Wushu); Ankur Dhama (Para-Athletics); Manoj Sarkar (Para-Badminton).
  • Dronacharya Awards: CA Kuttappa (Boxing); Vijay Sharma (Weightlifting); A Srinivasa Rao (Table Tennis); Sukhdev Singh Pannu (Athletics); Clarence Lobo (Hockey, Lifetime); Tarak Sinha (Cricket, Lifetime); Jiwan Kumar Sharma (Judo, Lifetime); VR Beedu (Athletics, Lifetime).
  • Dhyan Chand Awards: Satyadev Prasad (Archery); Bharat Kumar Chetry (Hockey); Bobby Aloysius (Athletics); Chougale Dadu Dattatray (Wrestling).
  • Rashtriya Khel Protsahan Puruskar: Identification and Nurturing of Budding and Young Talent: Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited, Encouragement to Sports through Corporate Social Responsibility: JSW Sports, Sports for Development: Isha Outreach, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (MAKA) Trophy 2017-18: Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar.

Current Affairs Multiple Choice Questions for Competitive Exams - 50 Questions

1. India’s first exclusive dog park has comes up in which city?

[A] New Delhi
[B] Lucknow
[C] Jaipur
[D] Hyderabad

2. The Ministry of Tourism is organizing the festival of tourism “Paryatan Parv 2018” from which city?

[A] Bhopal
[B] Kanpur
[C] Hyderabad
[D] New Delhi

3. Which of the following is the highest volcanic peak of Asia?
[A] Mount Fuji

[B] Mount Damavand
[C] Mount Bromo
[D] Mount Takao

4. Who will be honoured with Meera Puruskar by Rajasthan Sahitya Academy?

[A] Sawai Singh Shekhawat
[B] Brij Bhushan Kabra
[C] Manisha Gulyani
[D] Man Singh Rathore

5. Who has been sworn-in as the new Prime Minister of Sudan ?

[A] Bakri Hassan Saleh
[B] Moutaz Mousa Abdallah
[C] John Garang
[D] Omar al-Bashir

6. Which launch vehicle of ISRO has successfully launched NovaSAR and S1-4 earth observation satellites of U.K from Sriharikota spaceport?

[A] PSLV-C40
[B] PSLV-C44
[C] PSLV-C42
[D] PSLV-C41

7. Which state Tourism bagged two Pacific Asia Travel Association (PATA) gold awards 2018 for its innovative marketing campaigns?

[A] Kerala
[B] Odisha
[C] Gujarat
[D] Madhya Pradesh

8. Which country’s team has lifted the 2018 South Asian Football Federation (SAFF) Cup?

[A] Bhutan
[B] India
[C] Maldives
[D] Bangladesh

9. ISRO has recently launched Polarimetry Doppler Weather Radar of which frequency band at Sriharikota spaceport?

[A] K–band
[B] C–band
[C] X–band
[D] S–band

10. Former Asian Games champion Ganpatrao Andalka was associated to which sports, who passed away recently?

[A] Sprint
[B] Boxing
[C] Wrestling
[D] Tennis

11. Under what law, the Internal Ombudsman (IO) scheme 2018 gives statutory powers to Internal Ombudsman?

[A] RBI Act
[B] Banking Regulaton Act
[C] Lokpal and Lokayukta Act
[D] Companies Act

12. Which country has recently announced to launch Mars Mission “HOPE” by 2020?

[A] Oman
[C] Iran
[D] Israel

13. Which of the following cities is the venue of the first round of the India-US ‘two-plus-two dialogue’?

[A] Washington DC
[B] Mumbai
[C] New York
[D] New Delhi 

14. The 2018 edition of Maralal International Camel Derby event was held in which African country?

[A] Ghana
[B] Kenya
[C] Senegal
[D] Tanzania

15. Which state government has decided to provide free mobile phones to women of BPL families?

[A] Rajasthan
[B] Gujarat
[C] Himachal Pradesh
[D] Uttar Pradesh

16. Which of the following cities is the venue of the International Aviation Summit 2018?

[A] New Delhi
[B] Pune
[C] Kolkata
[D] Chennai

17. Aurora Prize Laureate Kyaw Hla Aung, who will donate $1 million award money to help Rohingya refugees, is from which country?

[A] South Korea
[B] Indonesia
[C] Myanmar
[D] Japan

18. Who has been elected as the new President of Pakistan?

[A] Maulana Fazlur
[B] Aitzaz Ahsan
[C] Arif Alvi
[D] Mamnoon Hussain

19. The Government of India (GoI) has approved a proposal by the Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) to increase wages of artisans by over how much percent?

[A] 36%
[B] 40%
[C] 35%
[D] 30%

20. Which Indian shooter bagged gold in the 50m pistol event at 2018 ISSF World Championship in South Korea?

[A] Jitu Rai
[B] Saurabh Chanudhary
[C] Abhidnya Patil
[D] Om Prakash Mitharwl

21. Which of the following cities is the venue of the 4th Asian electoral stakeholders forum (AESF-IV)?

[A] Bangkok
[B] Colombo
[C] New Delhi
[D] Bali

22. Which Indian economist has been appointed Assistant Secretary-General and Head of the New York Office of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)?

[A] Nikhil Seth
[B] Atul Khare
[C] Rahguram Rajan
[D] Satya S Tripathi

23. Ravinder Kumar Singhal, who has successfully completed the Ironman triathlon, is from which state?

[A] Uttar Pradesh
[B] Madhya Pradesh
[C] Odisha
[D] Maharashtra

24. Who became the first-ever Indian javelin-thrower to win an Asian Games gold medal?

[A] Shivpal Singh
[B] Neeraj Chopra
[C] Parsa Singh
[D] Arjun Meghwal

25. Who is the author of the book Atal Ji Ne Kaha?

[A] V S Naik
[B] Annu Kapoor
[C] Brijendra Rehi
[D] Chitra Banerjee

26. The Odisha government has launched which programme to identify young talents?

[A] Mu Hero, Mu Odisha
[B] Mu Power, Mu Odisha
[C] Mu Startup, Mu Odisha
[D] Mu Youth, Mu Odisha

27. Which Indian-origin personality has been selected as Asia Society’s Game Changer of the Year for 2018?

[A] Guruswamy Jayraman
[B] Shand Panesar
[C] Indra Nooyi
[D] Sanjeev Gupta

28. Which country’s team has won the FIFA U-20 Women’s World Cup France 2018?

[A] Japan
[B] France
[C] Spain
[D] Germany

29. The Lakhwar multi-purpose project is associated with which river?

[A] Kaveri
[B] Yamuna
[C] Chambal
[D] Godavari

30. Dutee Chand, who clinched silver in 100m women’s race at the 2018 Jakarta Asian Games, is belong to which state?

[A] Punjab
[B] Haryana
[C] Odisha
[D] Kerala

31. Which IIT has recently conducted study on River Ganga that indicates that river is drying up in summers due to groundwater depletion?

[A] IIT-Kharagpur
[B] IIT-Madras
[C] IIT-Bombay
[D] IIT-Delhi

32. The Union Cabinet has recently approved umbrella scheme O-SMART of Ministry of Earth Sciences. What does O stands here?

[A] Opacity
[B] Orach
[C] Oilcloth
[D] Ocean

33. Which of the following Indian sprinters has achieved a rare one-two in men’s 800m at the 2018 Jakarta Asian Games?

[A] Jinson Johnson and Muhammed Anas
[B] Govindan Lakshmanan and Dharun Ayyasamy
[C] Rajiv Arokia and Manjit Singh
[D] Manjit Singh and Jinson Johnson

34. Which technological giant has launched Project Navlekha to help Indian vernacular news publishers to take their content online?

[A] Infosys
[B] Google
[C] Facebook
[D] Wipro

35. Which country to host the 2019 Asian Youth Weightlifting Championships?

[A] India
[B] Bhutan
[C] North Korea
[D] Sri Lanka

36. Who has been conferred Praful Bidwai memorial award for 2018 ?

[A] Medha Patkar
[B] Vandana Shiva
[C] Ulka Mahajan
[D] Vandana Shiva

37. ISRO is planning to use which launch vehicle to send Gaganyan in space by 2022?


38. On which date, the 2018 National Sports Day (NSD) was observed recently?

[A] August 27
[B] August 29
[C] August 28
[D] August 26

39. Who is the head of the newly formed Prime Minister’s Science Technology and Innovation Council (PM-STIAC)?

[A] Subhash Kak
[B] Baba Kalyani
[C] K Vijay Raghavan
[D] Sangamitra Bandopadhyay

40. Who was officially sworn-in as the new President of Zimbabwe?

[A] Robert Mugabe
[B] Emmerson Mnangagwa
[C] Canaan Banana
[D] Constantino Chiwenga

41. Fakhar Zaman, who has become the fastest player to score 1000 ODI runs, is belong to which country?

[A] Bangladesh
[B] Australia
[C] Pakistan
[D] South Africa

42. NITI Aayog has signed Statement of Intent (SoI) with which pharmaceutical company to collaborate in Aspirational Districts Programme?

[A] Cipla
[B] Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories
[C] Aurobindo Pharma
[D] Lupin Foundation

43. Which ministerial committee has been set up by the Odisha government for development of Odia film industry?

[A] S B Behera committee
[B] Prafulla Samal committee
[C] Ananta Das committee
[D] Kirti Patnaik committee

44. Which state government has launched e-Pragati Core initiative to provide integrated services to citizens?

[A] Andhra Pradesh
[B] Rajasthan
[C] Karnataka
[D] Kerala

45. Who has been named the first-ever female high court chief justice of Pakistan?

[A] Asifa Quraishi
[B] Riffat Hassan
[C] Maria Ulfah
[D] Tahira Safdar️

46. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) issued new 100 Rupee notes with motif of which UNESCO World Heritage site?

[A] Sanchi Stupa
[B] Rani Ki Vav
[C] Hampi
[D] Konark

47. Which state government has released its first-ever tribal atlas to highlight the tribal demography of the state?

[A] Manipur
[B] Madhya Pradesh
[C] Odisha
[D] Tamil Nadu

48. The Union government has constituted which high-level committee to suggest laws against mob lynching and violence?

[A] A.K. Dhasmana committee
[B] Rajiv Gauba committee
[C] Bhaskar Khulbe committee
[D] Inderjit Singh committee

49. The first meeting of the India-Bangladesh Joint Committee on Border Haats was held in which city?

[A] Agartala
[B] Dispur
[C] Guwahati
[D] Shillong

50. The Lok Sabha has passed the Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Bill, 2017 on cheque bounce cases. The bill shall amend which act to resolve the issue?

[A] Negotiable Instruments Act 1881
[B] Negotiable Instruments Act 1882
[C] Negotiable Instruments Act 1880

[D] Negotiable Instruments Act 1884

Tuesday, 25 September 2018

25th September 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC

  • The first Continuous Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Station (CAAQMS) in government sector in the North East was inaugurated at the Pollution Control Board, Assam (PCBA) headquarters.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Monday 24th September 2018 dedicated Sikkim’s first airport at Pakyong to the nation.
  • Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways, Nitin Gadkari dedicated to the nation the Jowai-Ratacherra (Meghalaya-Assam border) National Highway project. The Jowai-Ratacherra Highway is a section of NH-44. The 102.25 km road project commenced in December 2015 and completed in May this year ahead of its scheduled completion at the cost of Rs 683 crore.
  • Rajdeep Bhattacharya won the Mr Kamrup title of NABBA/WFF during the Mr Assam contest.
  • Tiger Woods scored his first victory in more than five years on Sunday, completing a two-shot win at the Tour Championship to crown a fairy tale comeback after a near two-year absence. The 42-year-old, 14-time major winner carded a one-over-par 71 at Atlanta’s East Lake Golf Course to claim the 80th title of his glittering career.
  • Europe retained their Laver Cup tennis crown on Sunday as Alexander Zverev defeated Kevin Anderson to complete a 13-8 win over the World team. Germany’s Zverev came from a set down to complete a 6-7 (3/7), 7-5, 10-7 win over Anderson as the Europeans successfully defended the title won in Prague last year.

Monday, 24 September 2018

21st, 22nd, 23rd & 24th September 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC

  • World Rhino Day was observed on September 22 with an objective to create awareness among the masses and protect the species for future generations.
  • Assam’s first-ever professional basketball competition – Basketball Challengers League (BCL) gets underway on September 23 at the RG Baruah Sports Complex basketball courts 
  • National award-winning Assamese movie Village Rockstars by Rima Das has been chosen as the official Indian entry – beating several star-studded fancied films – in the Foreign Language Film category to the Oscars-2019. Village Rockstars is also the first Assamese movie to be nominated for the Oscars.
  • In the second edition of the afaqs! Digipub Awards 2018, Guwahati-based media professional Sidharth Bedi Varma from the publication GPlus bagged the award for the ‘Best Columnist in India’, with a gold trophy.
  • Critically acclaimed filmmaker Kalpana Lajmi, who was suffering from kidney ailment, passed away early Sunday morning at a hospital here. She was 64.
  • The Dalmia Cement (Bharat) Limited (DCBL) conferred the Young Achievers Award (YAA) for Entrepreneurship to Nayan Saikia, Assam’s very own ‘Pad Man’, at the Northeast Youth Conclave 2018 held at Don Bosco School at Panbazar
  • Saif Sporting Club, Bangladesh emerged champions in the Bodousa Cup by defeating Jamshedpur FC 2-0 in the final of the 10th International Invitational Football Tournament at the TDSA Katchujan playground 
  • Indian woman boxer Bhagyabati Kachari was accorded a warm felicitation at her home district Udalguri.She had recently clinched a gold medal in the 81kg category of the Ahmet Comert Tournament by defeating her Turkish opponent in the final at Istanbul, Turkey. Bhagyabati was declared the most scientific boxer of the tournament while the Indian women’s team finished third.
  • Jharkhand spinner Shahbaz Nadeem on Thursday broke a two-decade-old world record for best bowling figures in List A cricket, with an incredible haul of 8/10 against Rajasthan in the Vijay Hazare Trophy 
  • International Day of Peace, which is also known as World Peace Day was observed
  • Consequent upon Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s launch of the world's largest government-funded healthcare programme named ‘Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana’, Chief Minister Sarbanadna Sonowal rolled out the Ayushman Bharat-National Health Protection Mission at a programme held at the Veterinary.
  • Dubai-based company M/s BRS Ventures Investment Limited will acquire the Assam Company India Limited including all its 14 tea gardens in the State and take care of more than 30,000 workers and employees.

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Sunday launched the 'Ayushman Bharat - Pradhan Mantri Jan Aarogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY)' here, hailing it as the "worlds biggest state-run healthcare scheme".

    • The scheme will provide a cover of up to Rs 5 lakh per family per year, for secondary and tertiary care hospitalisation through a network of Empanelled Health Care Providers (EHCP).
    • The EHCP network will provide cashless and paperless access to services for the beneficiaries at both public and private hospitals. The services will include 1,350 procedures covering pre- and post-hospitalisation, diagnostics and medicines.
    • Ayushman Bharat has two components -- creation of 150,000 health and wellness centres which will provide Comprehensive Primary Health Care (CPHC) and the PMJAY which provides health protection cover to poor and vulnerable families for secondary and tertiary care.
    • The first Health and Wellness Centre was launched by Modi at Jangla, Chhattisgarh on April 14. PMJAY primarily targets the poor, deprived rural families and identified occupational category of urban workers' families as per the latest Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC) data for both rural and urban areas as well as the active families under the Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY).
    • The objectives of the scheme are to reduce out of pocket hospitalisation expenses, fulfil unmet needs and improve access of identified families to quality inpatient care and surgeries.
    • The scheme allows states enough flexibility in terms of packages, procedures, scheme design, entitlements as well as other guidelines while ensuring that key benefits of portability and fraud detection are ensured at a national level.
    • States have the option to use an existing trust/society or set up a new trust/society to implement the scheme as State Health Agency and will be free to choose the modalities for implementation.
    • It can implement the Scheme through an insurance company or directly through the trust/society/implementation support agency or a mixed approach.
    • Pilot launch of the scheme has already been done in around 22 states and Union Territories. About 30 states and union territories have signed a Memorandum of Understanding and started working on implementation of the mission.

    Thursday, 20 September 2018

    20th September 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC

    • The picturesque State of Sikkim will feature on India’s aviation map from Sunday with the commissioning of a greenfield airport at an altitude of 4,500 ft between the Himalayas. The Pakyong Airport, the tiny hilly State’s first and the country’s 100th functional airport, will be inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
    • Meghalaya Chief Secretary Y Tsering launched the National Mission on Government e-Marketplace (GeM), an online marketplace to facilitate online procurement of common Goods and Services required by various Government Departments, Organisations and Public Sector Units simpler and transparent.
    • Mizoram Government has announced Rs 10 lakh cash reward to young Indian hockey star from Mizoram, Lalremsiami, who was part of the Indian women hockey team that won silver medal at Asian Games in Jakarta. The North Eastern Council (NEC) has also given Rs 5 lakh cash reward to the sports person.
    • The 570th birth anniversary of Srimanta Sankaradeva, the 15th-century religious preacher, saint-reformer, and litterateur was observed across the State.
    • The Union Cabinet approved an ordinance to ban the practice of instant triple talaq. Under the proposed ordinance, giving instant triple talaq will be illegal and void and will attract a jail term of three years for the husband.
    • Archery coach Jiwanjot Singh Teja was on Wednesday dropped from the list of Dronacharya award nominees due to a past case of indiscipline while the Sports Ministry cleared all athletes recommended by the selection committee for Khel Ratna, Arjuna and Dhyan Chand awards.

    Wednesday, 19 September 2018

    19th September 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC

    • 10th World Bamboo Day celebration held under the theme, ‘Bamboo: the future plants…a new hope’ in Manipur.
    • Railway track electrification till Guwahati will be completed by 2020 and electrification work of all non-electrified sections in the Northeast Frontier Railway (NFR) zone will also be carried out in a phased manner. 
    •  At present the Indian Railways has about 13,675 km of non-electrified broad gauge railway tracks. Out of that, 2,536 km falls under NFR.  
    • The present sanctioned cost of the entire work is Rs 4,435 crore. 
    • In the NFR zone, work has been distributed to two agencies – Centre for Railway Electrification (CORE) and Rail Vikas Nigam Limited (RVNL) – for carrying out electrification.
    • Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Bangladesh counterpart Sheikh Hasina today jointly launched the construction of the India-Bangladesh Friendship Product Pipeline Project. 
    • The project also includes the Dhaka-Tongi-Joydebpur railway line. The 6-km Indian leg of the product pipeline project will be implemented by the Numaligarh Refinery Limited (NRL), while the remaining 124 km of the pipeline project will be implemented by the Bangladesh Petroleum Corporation. 
    • The project will replace the existing practice of sending diesel to Bangladesh by rail, covering a distance of 510 km. The capacity of the product pipeline will be one million metric tonnes per annum. 
    • The 130-km pipeline will connect Siliguri in West Bengal in India and Parbatipur in Dinajpur district of Bangladesh. The estimated project cost will be Rs 346 crore and it will be completed in 30 months.

    Tuesday, 18 September 2018

    18th September 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC

    • Statistics released by the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) last month showed that in the last five years, Pakistan's total debt and liabilities increased Rs 13.5 trillion or 82.8 per cent to stand at Rs 29.9 trillion. Five years ago, Pakistan's total debt and liabilities were Rs 16.4 trillio
    • Spain's Rafael Nadal maintained the No. 1 spot in the men's Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) world singles rankings released on Monday with 8,760 points, ahead of Switzerland's Roger Federer (6900 points) followed by Novak Djokovic (Serbia) 6,445 points at no. 3.

    Dronacharya Award & Dhyan Chand honour

    • The Dronacharya award is presented to coaches for their outstanding and meritorious work on a consistent basis over a period of four years.
    • The Dhyan Chand honour is bestowed on sportspersons for their life-time achievements and contribution to sport during both their active career and after retirement.
    • The Dronacharya and Dhyan Chand awardees are entitled to a cash prize of Rs 5 lakh each.

    Recommendations for Dronacharya Awards:
    • Regular Category: Jiwanjot Singh Teja (archery), S S Pannu (athletics), C A Kuttappa (boxing), Vijay Sharma (weightlifting) and A Srinivasa Rao (table tennis).
    • Life Time category: Clarence Lobo (hockey), Tarak Sinha (cricket), Jiwan Kumar Sharma (judo) and V R Beedu (athletics).
    Recommendations for Dhyanchand Award: 
    • Satyadev Prasad (archery), Bharat Chhetri (hockey), Bobby Aloysius and Chougale Dadu Dattatray (wrestling).
    Recommendations for Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award:
    •  Indian cricket captain Virat Kohli and weightlifter Mirabai Chanu 
    Recommendations for Arjuna Award:
    • Athletes Hima Das, Jinson Johnson, cricketer Smriti Mandhana, hockey players Manpreet Singh and Savita Punia, paddler Manika Batra and tennis player Rohan Bopanna, star javelin thrower Neeraj Chopra

    Monday, 17 September 2018

    India’s first indigenous anti-nuclear medical kit

    What to study?

    For Prelims and Mains: Components and significance of the kit launched.

    Context: In a major shot in the arm for paramilitary and police forces, scientists at Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences (INMAS) claim to have developed India’s first indigenous medical kit that may ensure protection from serious injuries and faster healing of wounds resulting from nuclear warfare or radioactive leakage.

    The kit has been developed for the armed, paramilitary and police forces only as they are the first ones likely to get exposed to radiation — be it during nuclear, chemical and biomedical (NCB) warfare or a rescue operation after a nuclear accident.

    About the kit and its components:

    The kit has over 25 items, including radio-protectors that provide 80-90% protection against radiation and nerve gas agents, bandages that absorb radiation as well as tablets and ointments.
    Developed in India for the first time, it’s a potent alternative to similar kits that were till now being procured from strategically advanced nations such as the US and Russia at much higher prices.

    The contents:

    The contents include an advanced form of Prussian blue tablets, highly effective in incorporating Radio Cesium (Cs-137) and Radio Thallium, among the most feared radioisotopes in nuclear bombs that destroy human body cells.

    The kit also has an Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) injection that traps uranium in the guts and blood of victims during a nuclear accident or warfare. When EDTA is injected into the veins, it “grabs” heavy metals and minerals and removes them from the body.
    The kit also has Ca-EDTA Respiratory Fluid, which is the inhalation formula for chelation, or grabbing, of heavy metals and radioactive elements deposited in lungs through inhalation at nuclear accident sites.

    The kit also has a radioactive urine/biofluid collector which is cost-effective, easy to store and can safely dispose of the urine of a person affected by radiation. The collector has silk at its base, more than enough to jellify 500 millilitre of urine, which could be disposed of safely.

    The kit has anti-gamma ray skin ointment that protects and heals the radiation damage on the skin.
    Also part of the kit is the amifostine injection, a US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved conventional radiopharmaceutical that limits damage from gamma radiation.

    Another medicine in the form of a tablet is Indranil 150 mg. It is being introduced as a reserve emergency drug for services, rescue workers and places where high acute exposures are expected and lives will be at stake.

    Significance of the kit:

    During radioactive accidents thousands of patients may be rushed to hospitals. In several cases, if not most, they will also have traumatic, orthopaedic, surgical injuries or burns. The blood of such patients will have radioactive elements and will require wound dressing with significantly higher absorption capacity so that nothing leaks and infects others. Such highly absorptive dressings and gauze also make it safer for the medical staff to handle radioactive patients as the chance of their own contamination is reduced.

    The kit is a potential alternative to those being procured from nations such as the US and Russia at much higher prices. Such medicines will help everyone and not just soldiers. This will also help the victims affected in terrorist attacks.

    ICESat Mission of India

    What to study?

    For Prelims and Mains: Key features and significance of the mission.

    Context: NASA is preparing to launch its $1 billion (about Rs. 7,210 crores) ICESat-2 mission, using advanced lasers to uncover the true depth of the melting of Earth’s ice sheets. The satellite mission, called ICESat-2, should provide more precise information on how these frozen surfaces are being affected by global warming.

    Background: As the name suggests, ICESat-2 is a follow-on project. The original spacecraft flew in the 2000s and pioneered the laser measurement of the height of polar glaciers and sea-ice from space. But the mission was plagued by technical problems that limited its observations to just a couple of months in every year.

    About ICESat- 2 mission:

    ICESat-2 will measure the average annual elevation change of land ice covering Greenland and Antarctica to within the width of a pencil, capturing 60,000 measurements every second.
    ICESat-2’s Advanced Topographic Laser Altimeter System (ATLAS) measures height by timing how long it takes individual light photons to travel from the spacecraft to Earth and back.

    The satellite mission has four science objectives:

    Measure melting ice sheets and investigate how this effects sea level rise.
    Measure and investigate changes in the mass of ice sheets and glaciers.
    Estimate and study sea ice thickness.
    Measure the height of vegetation in forests and other ecosystems worldwide.

    How it works?

    ATLAS will fire 10,000 times each second, sending hundreds of trillions of photons to the ground in six beams of green light. With so many photons returning from multiple beams, ICESat-2 will get a much more detailed view of the ice surface than its predecessor.

    As it circles Earth from pole to pole, ICESat-2 will measure ice heights along the same path in the polar regions four times a year, providing seasonal and annual monitoring of ice elevation changes. Beyond the poles, ICESat-2 will also measure the height of ocean and land surfaces, including forests.

    Significance of the mission:

    ICESat-2 will improve upon NASA’s 15-year record of monitoring the change in polar ice heights. It started in 2003 with the first ICESat mission and continued in 2009 with NASA’s Operation IceBridge, an airborne research campaign that kept track of the accelerating rate of change.

    The new observational technologies of ICESat-2 will advance the knowledge of how the ice sheets of Greenland and Antarctica contribute to sea level rise.

    Why is this mission important?

    Antarctica and Greenland lose billions of tonnes of ice every year – the result largely of warm water being able to melt land glaciers where they meet the ocean. This wastage is slowly but surely pushing up sea-levels worldwide.

    In the Arctic, the seasonal floes have also been in retreat. Sea-ice in the far north is thought to have lost two-thirds of its volume since the 1980s. And although this has no direct impact on the height of the oceans, the reduced ice-cover is working to amplify temperature rises in the region.

    National AIDS Control Organization (NACO)

    What to study?

    For Prelims: NACO and highlights of the National AIDS Control Programme.
    For Mains: Significance and achievements of the programme, what else is needed to achieve the target?

    Context: The National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) has released the report HIV Estimations 2017.

    Key facts:

    The HIV Estimations 2017 is the 14th round in the series of HIV Estimations under National AIDS Control Programme (NACP).
    NACO undertakes HIV estimations biennially in collaboration with the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) – National Institute of Medical Statistics (NIMS).
    The first round of HIV estimation in India was done in 1998, while the last round was done in 2015.

    Highlights of the report:

    As per the report, in 2017, India had around 21.40 lakh people living with HIV (PLHIV) with adult prevalence of 0.22%.
    Around 87.58 thousand new HIV infections and 69.11 thousand AIDS related deaths happened in 2017 while around 22,675 mothers needed Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) for prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV.
    HIV Estimations 2017 corroborate the previous rounds in terms of characteristic of the HIV epidemic in India i.e. national prevalence and incidence remains low, but the epidemic is high in some geographical regions and population group.
    The rate of decline in annual new HIV infections has been relatively slower in recent years.
    The report concludes that, overall, the impact of the programme has been significant with more than 80% decline in estimated new infection from peak of epidemic in 1995. Similarly, estimated AIDS related death declined by 71% since its peak in 2005.

    Need for data on this:

    The objective of HIV Estimations is to provide updated information on the status of HIV epidemic in India at national and State/UT level. Estimations of adult HIV prevalence, annual new infections (HIV incidence), AIDS-related mortality and prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) needs are produced as outcomes of HIV estimations. The modelled estimates are needed because there is no direct reliable way of measuring these core indicators which are used to track the epidemic and monitor and evaluate the response in countries around the world.

    Way ahead:

    The report highlights the significant achievement of National AIDS response on prevention as well as on treatment front but has also indicated that there is no place for complacency as country move forward on ambitious goal of attaining the ‘End of AIDS’ by 2030.

    About National AIDS Control Organization:

    It is a division of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare that provides leadership to HIV/AIDS control programme in India through 35 HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Societies.
    In 1986, following the detection of the first AIDS case in the country, the National AIDS Committee was constituted in the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
    As the epidemic spread, need was felt for a nationwide programme and an organization to steer the programme. In 1992 India’s first National AIDS Control Programme (1992-1999) was launched, and National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) was constituted to implement the programme.

    Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)

    What to study?

    For Prelims: Key features of PMMVY.
    For Mains: Significance of the mission and the need for it.

    Context: Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) recently marked the anniversary of the launch of scheme as Matru Vandana Saptah.

    National level achievement of the scheme post an year’s implementation on grounds is 48.11 Lakhs of women enrollment under the scheme till September 13, 2018, out of which 37.30 Lakhs have been paid the maternity benefit which accounts to a total fund disbursement of Rs1168.63 Crores.

    About PMMVY:

    Pradhan Mantri Matritva Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) is a maternity benefit rechristened from erstwhile Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY). The IGMSY was launched in 2010.

    The scheme is a conditional cash transfer scheme for pregnant and lactating women of 19 years of age or above for first live birth.

    It provides a partial wage compensation to women for wage-loss during childbirth and childcare and to provide conditions for safe delivery and good nutrition and feeding practices.

    Exceptions: The maternity benefits under Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) are available to all Pregnant Women & Lactating Mothers (PW&LM) except those in regular employment with the Central Government or State Government or Public Sector Undertaking or those who are in receipt of similar benefits under any law for the time being in force.
    Funding: The scheme is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme under which cost sharing ratio between the Centre and the States & UTs with Legislature is 60:40 while for North-Eastern States & three Himalayan States; it is 90:10. It is 100% Central assistance for Union Territories without Legislature.

    Need for special attention:

    Under-nutrition continues to adversely affect majority of women in India. In India, every third woman is undernourished and every second woman is anaemic. An undernourished mother almost inevitably gives birth to a low birth weight baby. When poor nutrition starts in-utero, it extends throughout the life cycle since the changes are largely irreversible.

    Owing to economic and social distress many women continue to work to earn a living for their family right up to the last days of their pregnancy. Furthermore, they resume working soon after childbirth, even though their bodies might not permit it, thus preventing their bodies from fully recovering on one hand, and also impeding their ability to exclusively breastfeed their young infant in the first six months.

    15th,16th & 17th September 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC

    • Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal on saturday inaugurated the ‘Swachhta Hi Sewa 2018
    • The World Anti-Doping Agency has been given the green light to lift its ban on Russia’s drug-tainted testing authority after a recommendation from investigators. A WADA statement said its independent Compliance Review Committee (CRC) had recommended that the Russian Anti-Doping Agency (RUSADA) be reinstated when the agency’s executive committee meets in the Seychelles on September 20.
    • Nearly 1.4 lakh people in 337 villages under 12 revenue circles of the State’s six districts are now affected by the new wave of flood caused by the rain-fed rivers of the State following intense rainfall activities in the northeastern region during the past about one week
    • Sardar Singh captain of Indian Hockey team retires.
    • Meghalaya Governor Tathagata Roy today gave away the Ustad Bismillah Khan Yuva Puraskar 2017 in a function held at U Soso Tham auditorium. Altogether 32 awardees were felicitated in recognition of their achievements in the field of music, dance and drama.
    •  A Special Court of the National Investigation Agency (NIA) here today awarded death penalty to two hardcore militants of the National Democratic Front of Bodoland (Songbijit), while sentencing two other members to life imprisonment in connection with the case related to the mass killing in Sonitpur district in 2014.The court pronounced death sentence for Ajoy Basumatary and Bishnu Narzary under sections 302 and 34 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), besides other relevant sections of the Arms Act and the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act. The other two accused – Sanju Bordoloi and Nitul Daimary – were sentenced to life imprisonment under various sections under the IPC, Arms Act and the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act.

    Silesian Open Boxing Tournament for women in Gliwice, Poland.

    • Five-time world champion MC Mary Kom (48kg) on Saturday clinched her third gold medal of the year, while Jyoti Gulia (51kg) picked up the country’s lone gold in the youth category of the  India’s junior boxers also performed exceptionally well to claim 13 medals, six of them gold, while senior pro L Sarita Devi (60kg) ended with a bronze. 
    • In the junior competition, the Indian team produced a terrific performance to sign off with 13 medals – six gold, six silver and a bronze. Bharti (46kg), Tingmila Doungel (48kg), Sandeep Kaur (52kg), Neha (54kg), Arshi Khanam (57kg) and Komal (80kg) claimed top honours in their respective categories. Amisha Bharti (50kg), Sanya Negi (60kg), Dinesh Naik (63kg), Sanjay Gunele (66kg), Raj Sahiba (70kg) and Lipakshi (+80kg) settled for silver medals. The sole bronze in the junior category went to Neha (75kg).

    Quick Bites:

    • Spread over an area of 870 sq km, including an addition of 350 sq km in 2016, Manas National Park is home to India’s highest number of Schedule-I species, numbering 22. Together with the Royal Manas National Park of Bhutan to its north, it constitutes a large and diverse contiguous conservation belt.
    • Gamosa and mekhela chadar are scheduled items under the provisions of the Handloom (Reservation of Articles for Production) Act, 1985

    Sunday, 16 September 2018

    Government of India's proposed merger of 27 PSBs into 6

    Below the name of Public sector Banks with the Anchor Bank (with which other Banks will get merged). 

    1. State Bank of India (Anchor Bank)

    • State Bank of Hyderabad
    • State Bank of Patiala
    • State Bank of Travancore
    • State Bank of Bikaner & Jaipur
    • State Bank of Mysore

    2. Punjab National Bank (Anchor Bank)

    • Oriental Bank of Commerce
    • Allahabad Bank
    • Corporation Bank
    • Indian Bank

    3. Canara Bank (Anchor Bank)

    • Syndicate Bank
    • Indian Overseas Bank
    • UCO Bank

    4. Union Bank of India (Anchor Bank)

    • IDBI Bank Ltd
    • Central Bank of India
    • Dena Bank

    5. Bank of India (Anchor Bank)

    • Andhra Bank
    • Bank of Maharashtra
    • Vijaya Bank

    6. Bank of Baroda (Anchor Bank)

    • United Bank of India
    • Punjab & Sind Bank
    • Bhartiya Mahilla Bank

    Under direction of RBI, the clearing of cheques would be done on the same day in house where cheque is deposited i.e. with any Bank whether Nationalised & co - operative etc. and while screening if there is insufficiency of fund the bounced cheque cannot be represented again & payee if need be will have to file legal complaint under section 138.

    Friday, 14 September 2018

    APSC CEE 2015 - Electronics Paper I & II

    The questions papers can be downloaded from the below shared links

    Electronics Paper I

    Electronics Paper II

    These question papers were shared by 

    Assam Education Society, Guwahati