Monday, 6 August 2018

August 5 & 6, 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC

President Ram Nath Kovind has given assent to a law that will deter fugitive economic offenders to evade legal process in India and flee the country.

  • A fugitive economic offender is any individual against whom warrants for arrest is issued for his involvement in select economic offences involving amount of at least Rs 100 crore or more and has left India so as to avoid criminal prosecution.
  • The Fugitive Economic Offenders Act, 2018 has got the nod from the President, according to an official order.
  • The new legislation will prevent big economic offenders like Vijay Mallya and Nirav Modi from fleeing the country and evading the law. Both Mallya and Modi, wanted in cases being probed by the CBI, are out of India.
  • The new law allows designated special court to declare a person as fugitive economic offender and to confiscate his property, including ‘benami’ ones.

Three high court chief justices were appointed to the Supreme Court today, taking the total number of judges in the apex court to 25.

  • Notifications announcing the appointments of Uttarakhand High Court Chief Justice KM Joseph, Madras HC Chief Justice Indira Banerjee and Orissa HC Chief Justice Vineet Saran to the Supreme Court were issued today. Their warrants of appointment were signed by President Ram Nath Kovind last night.
  • Justice Joseph’s elevation to the Supreme Court ended a protracted standoff between the government and the judiciary.
  • The number of judges in the top court after the fresh appointments has gone up to 25. There would still be six vacancies though.
  • Justice Banerjee will become the eighth woman judge in the history of the Supreme Court. 
  • Indigenous Nationalist Party of Tripura (INPT) would press for carrying out National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Tripura, a vulnerable bordering State of the country adjoining Bangladesh.
  • The INPT State committee in its meeting has decided to approach Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh to carry out NRC in Tripura to identify bodafide Indian citizens
  • Chief Minister Biplab Kumar Deb had ruled out having NRC in Tripura as there is no such problem here. “There is no need to undertake NRC in Tripura as the citizens have valid document unlike other States

PV Sindhu finished second best yet again in a major tournament final as she went down to Carolina Marin in the World Championships’ women’s singles title clash. 

  • The second silver meant Sindhu is the only Indian to have four world championships podium finishes. She had won two bronze medals at the 2013 Guangzhou and 2014 Copenhagen editions. 
  • Marin became the first woman shuttler to win the world championships thrice. She had won the title in 2014 and the 2015 Jakarta edition.

India skipper Virat Kohli today topped the ICC Player Rankings for Test Batsmen, riding on his brilliant century against England in the opening Test at Edgbaston.

  • Kohli thus became the seventh India batsman and first since Sachin Tendulkar (in June 2011) to be ranked the number one Test batsman in the latest ICC.
  • Kohli now leads Smith (who had held the top spot since December 2015) by five points, but will have to maintain the form in the remaining four Tests to finish the series as the world’s highest-ranked batsman.
  • Kohli, who powered India to the ICC U19 Cricket World Cup title in 2008 and then won the prestigious Sir Garfield Sobers Trophy for ICC Cricketer of the Year in 2017, is the 76th player to top the Test batting rankings.
  • He is also the number-one ranked ODI batsman, but is ranked 12th in T20Is, 220 points behind number-one ranked Aaron Finch of Australia.

The India-Myanmar border road will be opened on August 8. 

  • Indians travelling to Myanmar would no longer require to obtain special permits and they would be given visas provided they possess passports. 
  • A land route trade centre is also coming up for North Eastern States of India at Mandalay.

Aizawl Bench of Gauhati High Court has directed the Mizoram Government to suspend its disbursal of funds under its flagship programme New Land Use Policy (NLUP) until and unless it adopts transparent criteria for selection of beneficiaries.

  • Acting on a PIL filed by social activist Vanramchhuangi, the Division Bench of Justice Suman Shyam and Justice AM Bujarbarua issued the interim order on August 3.

Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal has launched a helpline service, ‘Hello Ma’, which is aimed at helping people experiencing challenging moments in their lives and are in need of support.

  • Through ‘Hello Ma’, people can get counselling and support at the time of need. The service can be accessed through 2202237, 2202238 and 2202239 or email 
  • People in need can also log on to the website,, to get details about the helpline service.

Wildlife activist Purnima Devi Barman has been chosen for the Yamin Hazarika Woman of Substance Award-2018 for her exemplary contribution to the conservation of the greater adjutant stork or hargila.

  • Barman has been working at Dadara, Pachariya and Singimari villages in Kamrup district to save the endangered hargila for years. Her conservation exploits have been recognised globally.
  • The award commemorating the life of iconic police officer from Assam, late Yamin Hazarika, honours women who have done notable work in different fields, and contributed to the larger good of society and inspired young girls.
  • The award, in its fourth year now, will be presented at a function to be held at 4 pm on August 11 at Maria’s Public School, Birkuchi here.
  • The earlier recipients of the award include author and journalist Indrani Raimedhi, athlete Tayabun Nisha and actress Moloya Goswami.
About Yasmin Hazarika : The late Yamin Hazarika was born in Guwahati to Sirajul Hussain Hazarika and Shameem Hazarika. She was a 1977-batch DANIPS (NCT of Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service) officer. She was a recipient of Nirman and Mahila Shiromani awards. As Deputy Commissioner of Police (Crime against Women), Delhi Police, she was known for her impeccable track record in the force, including a three-month stint in Bosnia. She died on July 24, 1999 at the young age of 43.

India and China will attempt to resolve differences in setting up of a hotline soon between the armies of the two countries, during Chinese Defence Minister Wei Fenghe’s upcoming visit here, official sources said.

  • After the Wuhan summit between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping in April, both sides revived the long-pending proposal to set up the hotline so as to avoid flare-ups between the two militaries along their disputed border.
  • But, the initiative hit a roadblock over differences between the two sides on issues relating to protocol and technical aspect of the hotline.
  • China’s State Councillor and Defence Minister General Wei Fenghe is scheduled to visit India later this month.
  • While the Indian Army has been maintaining that the hotline should be between its Director General of Military Operations (DGMO) and his equivalent official in Peoples Liberation Army (PLA), Beijing proposed that deputy commander of its Chengdu-based Western Theatre Command would engage with the Indian DGMO, the sources said.
  • It is learnt that Chinese PLA has also conveyed to the Indian Army that they do not have any DGMO in its headquarters and that it was favouring engaging the Western Theatre Command which looks after the Sino-Indian border.
  • However, the Indian side feels the protocol must be maintained and equating the Indian Army headquarters to PLA’s Western Theatre Command in Chengdu was not proper.
  • Three commands of the Indian Army – the Kolkata-based eastern command, the central command headquartered at Lucknow and the northern command, headquartered at Udhampur – have been tasked to keep an eye on the nearly 3,500-km-long border with China.

The discovery of a pack of black jackals – believed to be a new subspecies or melanistic members of an existing species – in a forest of Barpeta district has sent ripples through conservation circles.

  • Black jackals or for that matter melanistic jackals are unheard of in the country.
  • A specimen was captured on August 3, 2018 and is being kept at the Assam State Zoo. Wildlife experts have not yet been able to identify the animal.
  • Conservationist David Das, who discovered the animal and captured one with the help of the forest department for proper identification, said that he had been noticing a pack of 14-15 black jackals in the Nakhanda forest for the past four years.
  • Melanism is a development of the dark-coloured pigment melanin in the skin or its appendages and is the opposite of albinism. It is mostly found in big cat species when members of the species exhibit what’s called a melanistic colour variation that results in black fur. The term melanistic is mostly applied to the jaguar (Panthera onca) and the leopard (Panthera pardus). In the case of jaguars, the black coat is caused by a dominant allele, while it’s a recessive allele leopards can thank for their black fur.

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) Council in its meeting on Saturday decided to start a pilot project to give cashbacks to consumers in order to incentivise digital payments in the country.

  • The pilot project, which proposes 20 per cent cashback on GST component of transactions, will be rolled out by states who voluntarily come forward and based on their experience, the Council may take a call to implement it across the country.
  • "Under the project, consumers will get a 20 per cent cashback subject to a cap of Rs 100 on all UPI and USSD transactions as well as transactions made using RuPay card and BHIM app
  • The GST Council also decided to form a Group of Ministers (GoM) headed by Union Minister of State for Finance Shiv Pratap Shukla to deliberate on issues facing micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs). The GoM will submit its recommendations in the next meeting of the Council.
  • The GoM on MSMEs will comprise Delhi Deputy Chief Minister Manish Sisodia, Bihar Deputy Chief Minister Sushil Kumar Modi, Assam Finance Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma, Kerala Finance Minister Thomas Isaac and Punjab Finance Minister Manpreet Badal.
  • Goyal, who presided the meeting to primarily discuss difficulties faced by MSMEs across the country, said the GoM will take the discussion further and interact with the the stakeholders before submitting its recommendations.
  • The Council also decided to refer all law and procedure-related issues to the Law Committee and issues related to GST rates to the Fitment Committee. Both committees would also file their recommendations before the next GST Council meeting.
  • Delhi's Finance Minister Sisodia said the MSME sector was facing several issues since the rollout of the GST last year in July. The government should not ignore small businesses -- which create employment -- while making rules for the big businesses that pay more taxes, he added.

Article 35-A, bars people from outside Jammu and Kashmir from acquiring any immovable property in the State.


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