Wednesday, 1 August 2018

1st August 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC

The Centre today said that it is thinking of using biometrics in the National Register of Citizen (NRC) update exercise in Assam to prevent influx to neighbouring states.

  • The Supreme Court Bench of Justices Ranjan Gogoi and Rohinton Fali Nariman, which remarked that at the moment that they won’t express any opinion and their silence should not be construed as agreement or consent
  • The Supreme Court clarified that a revision of the draft NRC will take place and as per rules, people whose names are not in the list, may file claims and objection with the registrar. The registrar will send notice to the individual who will then submit documents. The registrar will have to give appropriate hearing to each individual and then take a decision, the apex court said.

Events which made NRC a reality

  • For the first time since Independence, such a massive exercise like preparation of a National Register of Citizens (NRC) with thorough verification of the citizenship of the applicants was carried out in any state of the country and a major step has been reached with the publication of the complete draft yesterday. 
  • Though the demand for preparation of an NRC in Assam to protect the interests of the genuine Indian citizens in the face of infiltration of foreign nationals cropped up from time to time, it took nearly 71 years since Independence to come up with such a document with verification of the nationality of the citizens.
  • In 1965, the Government of India, because of reports of large scale migration from East Pakistan, mooted a proposal to compile a register of Citizens and to issue identity cards to Indian citizens living in the State. But the proposal remained on paper only and the actual reasons for not implementing it are not very clear even today.
  • On February 2, 1980, during the Assam agitation, the All Assam Students’ Union (AASU), in a memorandum to the Prime Minister, raised the demand for updating the NRC of 1951. But the issue of updating the NRC was not included in the Assam Accord signed in 1985. 
  • In 1990, the AASU raised the demand again during a meeting to discuss the progress of implementation of the Assam Accord and during an official level tripartite talk on November 17, 1999, decision was taken to update the NRC. 
  • The Government of India also assured to release Rs 20 lakh for starting the initial work and released an amount of Rs five lakh to start the process. But the project was not started due to various reasons.
  • Again, in a tripartite meeting involving the Central and State Governments and AASU on May 5, 2005, which was chaired by the then Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh, a decision was taken to update the NRC within a couple of years and to issue identity cards to genuine Indian citizens living in the State on the basis of it. The State Government formed a Directorate to update the NRC but it could not formulate the modalities to carry out the job. A group of ministers was also formed to formulate the modalities but the progress remained very slow.
  • On April 22, 2010, in another official level tripartite meeting, a decision was taken to launch a pilot project in Chaygaon and Barpeta revenue circles, but the process was stalled after a violent protest in Barpeta.
  • Finally, the present process started in 2013 after Prateek Hajela joined as the State Coordinator for updating the NRC. However, the process gathered momentum after the Supreme Court started monitoring it.
  • The Assam Public Works filed a petition in the Supreme Court alleging that names of huge numbers of foreign nationals were included in the electoral rolls of the State and the case got converted into the process of updating the NRC. The AASU also became a party to the case by submitting an intervention petition and with the constant monitoring the Supreme Court, the process reached one vital stage yesterday.
  • Though the present process started in 2013, the actual work on the ground started in February, 2015 with the process of setting up of the NRC Seva Kendras and more than 3.29 crore people applied for inclusion of names in the NRC along with more than 6.6 crore documents. 
  • The first draft containing names of 1.90 crore applicants was published on December 31 last year following which the process of verification of family trees and the certificates issued to married women by Panchayat secretaries started. 
  • A large number of bogus and forged documents were detected in the process of verification and the family tree verification was considered to be the game-changer as in a large number of cases, mismatches in family trees were detected. 
  • Finally, the complete draft was published on 30th July 2018 and names of more than 40 lakh applicants were not included as they were not found to be eligible. However, those whose names were not included will get an opportunity to file claims and objections before the publication of the final NRC.

The Natasurya Phani Sarma Award, the Sahityacharya Atul Chandra Hazarika Award and the Dr Bhabendranath Saikia Award for the year 2018 were conferred

  • On cine personality Nilu Chakraborty, playwright Jiten Sarma and the late filmmaker Munin Baruah (posthumous), respectively.
  • Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal presented the awards at a function held here today. Manjula Baruah received the award conferred on her deceased husband Munin Baruah.

Maize is the highest growing cereals among all cereals around the world, especially in India after rice and wheat production, supports major food security in most of the fast growing developing countries across the globe.

  • Introducing high-value region specific maize crops for employment and can help in minimising youth migration to cities besides improving famers’ livelihood security, according to a scientific paper on “Significance of baby corn and sweet corn in NE India: Challenges and opportunities”.
  • Maize can provide food for humans, feed for livestock, nutrient for soil and subsequently it will indirectly help in reducing the cost of fish, chicken and pork in the market.

The English side will be celebrating its 1000th Test at Edgbaston


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