Friday, 31 August 2018

31st August 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC

  • Meghalaya is the third uranium-rich State after Jharkhand and Andhra Pradesh and the deposits account for about 16 per cent of the country’s uranium reserves (9,500 tonnes in Domiasiat area and 4,000 tonnes at Wahkaji
  • Passengers from Guwahati will now be able to fly direct and non-stop to Singapore. Drukair, Royal Bhutan Airlines, will launch its inaugural flight for its new route from Guwahati to Singapore and vice versa on September 1.

    Asian Games:

    • The Indian 4x400m women’s relay team today clinched its fifth consecutive Asian Games gold medal to maintain a remarkable domination in this event while Jinson Johnson won the men’s 1500m final race as the country produced its best ever show in athletics since the inaugural 1951 edition. Bahadur Prasad was last Indian to win a medal in men’s 1500m at the 1998 Games, where he won a bronze.
    • Assam sprinter Hima Das completed a hattrick of medal wins at the 18th Asian Games in Indonesia with the gold in the 4x400 metres women’s relay
    • After six days of competition, India grabbed 7 gold, 10 silver and two bronze. The gold count was same as in 1978 and 2002 Asian Games but India had won a total of 17 medals in these two earlier editions as against 19 this time.
    • In the inaugural edition in 1951 held in New Delhi, India had won a total of 31 medals from athletics, including 10 gold. In 1982, India had won 20 medals in athletics but there were only four gold, the rest being eight silver and eight bronze. India finished third in athletics behind China (12, 12, 9) and Bahrain (12, 6, 7).
    • Discus thrower Seema Punia and middle-distance runner PU Chitra had to be content with bronze medals.
    • Defending champions India were today knocked out of the Asian Games gold medal contention and denied a direct entry into the 2020 Olympics, with Malaysia again proving to be their Achilles heel in the men’s hockey semifinals.

    Thursday, 30 August 2018

    30th August 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC

    Asian Games:

    • The Indian table tennis contingent’s dream run at the Asian Games got better today when the mixed doubles pairing of A Sharath Kamal and Manika Batra won a historic bronze. It was only yesterday that the Kamal-led men’s team had secured a bronze, ending India’s 60-year-wait for a maiden medal at the Asian Games.
    • India’s silver medal in the 4x400m mixed relay will not be upgraded to gold after the country’s protest against champions Bahrain was rejected by the Asian Games’ Jury of Appeals for the athletics competition

    General News:

    • Almost all the 500 and 1,000 currency notes that were made illegal in November 2016 have returned to the banking system, the RBI said today, prompting the Opposition to question the efficacy of demonetisation in curbing black money. Banks received Rs 15.31 lakh crore or 99.3 per cent of the Rs 15.41 lakh crore worth Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 notes that were in circulation on November 8, 2016
    • Sivasagar district administration has embarked on a mission in consonance with Swachh Bharat Mission objectives by rolling out the first of its kind Menstrual Hygiene Management programme in the district, named ‘Sakhi: A ray of hope’. As part of Phase I, 17 (13 government schools having female adolescents) schools and one college viz., the Sibsagar Girls’ College will be having sanitary vending machines and incinerators. The project would also see the formation of WASH groups in all these schools and college with a nodal teacher, who would be the torch bearers in percolating the good habits of safe and hygienic disposal practices, removal of social taboos and other related sanitation issues. The project has been conceptualised and implemented by the district administration, Sivasagar, and supported by ONGCL, as part of their Corporate Social Responsibility activity.
    • The NITI Aayog has introduced ‘Building As A Learning Aid (BALA)’, in aspirational district, Barpeta, to improve the quality of government schools. The Piramal Foundation has been engaged by NITI Aayog to replicate the concept of BALA in the district. Apart from it, Piramal fellows who have been currently working in 17 schools of the district have also taken up BALA to introduce in each of their adopted schools. The fellows have initiated a donation drive at the school and community level where a handsome amount of money has been collected with the sole motive to be utilised on the expenses under BALA project.
    • The Chief Secretary designate, Alok Kumar, a 1984 batch Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer, who will take over as the Chief Secretary of Assam on August 31 from TY Das, said that his priority would be to create an environment where all the officers and employees feel at home to give their best. He pointed out that the Government has already outlined its priorities and it is the job of the officers and employees to follow the directions given by the political leadership. He said that the Government has announced its commitment to provide a corruption free, pollution free and foreigner free State to the people and it is up to the officers and employees to live up to the expectations of the people.

    Wednesday, 29 August 2018

    29th August 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC

    • The Gaganyaan mission to send humans to the space will comprise three crew members who will be in the space for five to seven days, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) 
    • The Supreme Court today ordered reverification of 10 per cent of the people who were excluded from the National Register of Citizens (NRC) draft published. The mission may be executed six months before India completes its 75th Independence Day with the help of GSLV Mk-III launch vehicle. The spacecraft will be placed in a low earth orbit of 300-400 km and the total programme cost is expected to be less than Rs 10,000 crore.
    • The Centre has appointed Prof Biman Kumar Dutta as the second non-official member of the North Eastern Council (NEC). Apart from the Chairman (the Union Home Minister), the Chief Ministers and Governors of the eight north-eastern States are members of the Council. The Chairman appoints academicians to the Council as non-official members to assist the Council. In 2015, Chandra Kanta Das, retired IAS officer, and Prof Gangmumei Kamei, distinguished academician, author and public activist, were appointed as non-official members.
    • Defending champions India made a mockery of Sri Lankan challenge pumping in 20 goals to remain unbeaten in the pool stages
    • Manjit Singh snatched the men’s 800m gold for the biggest medal of his life while the quartet of Muhammed Anas, MR Poovamma, Hima Das and Arokia Rajiv clinched a silver in 4x400m mixed relay race. India’s last gold in men’s 800m was won by Charles Borromeo in 1982 Asian Games.
    • PV Sindhu yet again finished second-best in a major final but grabbed a historic individual silver medal at the Asian Games after losing the women’s singles title clash to World No. 1 Tai Tzu Ying. It was Sindhu’s third defeat in a big final this year, having lost the Gold Coast Commonwealth Games title clash to Saina Nehwal and the World Championship summit clash to Spain’s Carolina Marin. The Rio Olympic silver medallist had also lost the finals at India Open (to Beiwen Zhang) and Thailand Open (to Nozomi Okuhara) this year. . No Indian had ever reached the final of a singles event at the Asian Games before the 23-year-old from Hyderabad

    Tuesday, 28 August 2018

    28th August 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC

    Asian Games:

    • Neeraj Chopra harvested another record-smashing gold in javelin throw as India’s track-and-field athletes delivered a clutch of medals at the 18th Asian Games. He won the Federation Cup in March with 85.94m, clinched a gold in the Gold Coast Commonwealth Games with a throw of 86.47m, before the 87.43 effort in Doha. Before coming here, he had 85.17 and 85.69 in France and Finland during his preparations for the Asian Games. 
    • There was plenty of silver to celebrate as well, all of it coming from the athletics arena. Sudha Singh (women’s 300m steeplechase), Neena Varakil (women’s long jump) and Dharun Ayyasamy (men’s 400m hurdles) came second in their respective events.
    • Ayyasamy clocked 48.96 seconds to shatter his own national record and finish behind Qatar’s Abderrahman Samba who won the gold with a Games record time of 47.66.
    • Varakil’s best jump of 6.51m came in the fourth attempt, which was enough to fetch her the silver.
    • Veteran Sudha clocked 9:40.03 seconds to win her second Asian Games medal after the 2010 Guangzhou edition gold in the same event.
    • Olympic silver medallist PV Sindhu remained in the hunt for a historic Asian Games gold medal after a tense win but Saina Nehwal settled for a bronze following her 10th straight defeat against World No. 1 Tai Tzu Ying
    • Assam sprinter Hima Das shattered the women’s 400m national record for a second time in 24 hours to win a silver in the 18th Asian Games in Jakarta 
    • Tejinderpal Singh Toor shattered the Games record in men’s shot put to open India’s medal account in athletics in the Asian Games. He bettered the earlier national record of 20.69m set by Om Prakash Karhana in 2012. Toor was the favourite to win the gold as he had entered the event as season leader (20.24m). The winning throw came in the fifth attempt though he was leading the field with his first throw of 19.96m.

    General News

    • Maj Leetul Gogoi, who was at centre of the human shield controversy, has been indicted by an Army court for “fraternising” with a woman, paving way for initiation of disciplinary action against him.
    • Tripura Chief Minister Biplab Kumar Deb has written a Hindi biography of the State’s erstwhile King Bir Bikram Kishore Debbarma Manikya Bahadur, which will be published soon. August 19, 2018 was the 110th birth anniversary of the King who is known as the architect of modern Tripura and a respected figure in the State. Deb released a gold coin on his 110th birth anniversary. The King died in 1947, two years before Tripura merged with the Indian Union on October 15, 1949. The King first built the Agartala airport in 1942, which is now the second busiest airport after Guwahati in NE. The Manikya Kings had offered incentives to his Bengali subjects to settle down in Tripura for agricultural use of wetlands. Bir Bikram reserved almost two-third of the State territory for the aboriginal tribes of the State in 1939, which was the precursor to the present Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council (TTAADC), the home to the tribals, who constitute one-third of the State population. Tripura is also the only Indian state which has its own constitution too.
    • Sanskrit Divas celebrated on August 27 to commemorate the mother of all languages.
    • Guna Mahanta, a veteran actor of celluloid and stage, passed away this morning on way to a doctor’s chamber. With his death, an era of Assamese cinema and theatre has come to an end. A resident of Nagaon who was born in 1946, Mahanta was also associated with the Sankari culture, and staged several bhaonas in the Brajabali language. To spread Sankari culture, he also formed the Purnamurti Gopaldev Kalakshetra.
    • In a major policy shift aimed at enhancing effectiveness and minimizing side effects of TB treatment, the World Health Organization (WHO) has put forward a recommendation of injection-free regimens for the treatment of rifampicin- and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (RR/MDR-TB). The new WHO recommendation suggests replacing injectable medicines (kanamycin/capreomycin), which have severe side effects and causes distress to patients and are associated with increased risk of failure and relapse. The new MDR-TB treatment guidelines scheduled for release later in 2018 will replace all previous and current WHO guidelines on treatment of RR/MDR-TB.
    • The State government has hiked the rate of State pre-matric scholarship for the ST students studying from Class I to Class VIII from Rs 25 per month to Rs 100 per month with immediate effect.This was stated in a notification issued by the Department for Welfare of Plain Tribes and Backward Classes.
    • The Law Commission will this week recommend a tough legal framework, which includes changes in the Constitution and election law, to hold Lok Sabha and assembly polls together
    • The State government is very likely to suggest some more Assam handloom items, like eri chadar, riha, costumes and cloths produced by the weavers of the State's ethnic groups in their handlooms, to be covered by the Handlooms (Reservation of Articles for Production) Act, 1985. The Union Ministry of Textiles has initiated the process for amending this legislation, which came into force on March 31, 1986. There are 11 categories of handloom-woven articles covered so far by this legislation. There are five items, under two different categories, from Assam. The two categories of Assam items covered by this legislation include Gamocha and Mekhela-chadar. Dakhona, Danka and Phanek of the State are covered under the Mekhela-chadar category.

    Focus Articles : 

    Monday, 27 August 2018

    25th - 27th August 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC

    •  Concerned at the crisis faced by the tea industry, the State government today formed a committee to promote the beverage at the global level by adding value and branding it. The panel, to be headed by Additional Chief Secretary (Industry) Ravi Capoor, will also pursue GI tag for Assam tea. Assam produces around 650 million kg of tea annually, and 80 per cent of it is consumed in the country. Some 48 per cent of the production comes from small tea growers. The per capita consumption of tea in the country is just around 780 grams. The committee will also look for ways to increase the demand for Assam tea as well as ensure that price realisation is better. Assam produce around 2.5 kg of tea per worker per season, the figure is 6 kg in South India. 
    • The Numaligarh Refinery Limited (NRL), during the year 2017-18, recorded the highest-ever turnover from operations at Rs 15,923 crore, registering a growth of 14.17 per cent over previous year. 
    • Tejinderpal Singh Toor shattered the Games record in men’s shot put to open India’s medal account in athletics in the Asian Games 
    • Kaptan Singh Solanki today took oath of office and secrecy as the new Governor of Tripura in a simple ceremony held at the Darbar Hall of the old Raj Bhavan 
    • Top seeds Rohan Bopanna and Divij Sharan notched up their maiden men’s doubles gold medal at the Asian Games tennis competition, dominating the final clash with a thoroughly clinical performance
    • Heena Sidhu put behind a modest qualification to win her maiden Asian Games individual medal today, her bronze in the women’s 10m air pistol taking India’s haul at the Jakabaring Shooting Range to nine.
    • The Archana Trauma and Orthopaedics Hospital and Research Centre at Paltan Bazar, Dibrugarh has been declared the winner in the recently conducted ‘Swachha Survekshan- 2018’ across all private hospitals and nursing homes in Dibrugarh done by the Dibrugarh district administration and Dibrugarh Municipal Board

    Friday, 24 August 2018

    24th August 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC

    • Eminent journalist and author Kuldip Nayar, who fought fiercely for press freedom and civil liberties, died on August 23, he was 95.
    • The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (H&FW), Government of India has issued revised guidelines for pictorial warning on tobacco packets, which will be implemented from September 1, 2018. All tobacco packets will carry the warning ‘Tobacco Causes Cancer’. And from September 1, 2019, the pictorial warning will change to another graphic image and tobacco packets will mention ‘Tobacco Causes Painful Death’. Violation of this provision will attract punishment for the manufacturer, distributor and retailers.
    • Various programmes were organized in Hailakandi district to mark the occasion of 27th Manipuri Language Day on 23rd August under the aegis of Assam Manipuri Sahitya Parishad. In 1992 Manipuri language became the first Tibeto-Burman language to receive recognition as an official, or “scheduled,” language of India and the day is celebrated to mark this historic event.

    Thursday, 23 August 2018

    23rd August 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC

    • Rahi Sarnobat today became the first Indian female shooter to win a gold at the Asian Games, achieving the rare feat after a nerve-wracking 25m air pistol finals. With her stellar effort, Rahi became the second gold medallist from the Indian shooting contingent after 16-year-old Saurabh Chaudhary had shot a gold in the 10m pistol finals. She is also the sixth Indian to shoot a gold at the Games, joining Chaudhary, Jaspal Rana, Randhir Singh, Jitu Rai and Ronjan Sodhi. Her 34 in the finals also ended up as a joint Games record.
    • The Indian men’s hockey team today recorded its biggest ever win in international hockey as it annihilated Hong Kong China 26-0 in a Pool B match of the Asian Games, bettering an 86-year-old mark. Defending champions India bettered its record set way back in 1932 when the national team, which had legendary Dhyan Chand, Roop Singh and Gurmeet Singh, thrashed USA 24-1 in the Olympics at Los Angeles. The record for the biggest win remains with New Zealand, who beat Samoa 36-1 in 1994. Such was their dominance that with seven minutes to go India took its goalkeeper off the field. As many as 13 Indian players registered their names in the scoresheet.
    • India’s cornered cricketers produced a fantastic collective performance to outclass England by 203 runs in the third Test to keep the five-match series alive. Needing only a wicket on the final morning, India completed the formalities in only 2.5 overs as England were all out for 317, well short of the mammoth victory target of 521 runs.India now trail England 1-2 but more importantly got some breathing space after a heart-breaking defeat in Edgbaston, followed by the debacle at the Lord’s.

    Wednesday, 22 August 2018

    22nd August 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC

    • The government today asked WhatsApp to set up a local corporate entity and find a technology solution to trace the origin of fake messages circulated through its platform.
    • The Supreme Court today said the option of none of the above (NOTA) cannot be permitted in Rajya Sabha elections.
    • After 20 years of negotiation, the Naga rebels have agreed to drop the demand for greater Nagaland and reached a common understanding with the Government of India that boundaries of neighbouring states will not be touched. With respect to Nagaland, there is already a special arrangement. Article 371A of the Constitution makes it very clear that they are special and a special status has been accorded to them.
    • Dr B Borooah Cancer Institute (BBCI), in collaboration with the Department of Bioengineering and Technology of Gauhati University, has for the first time in the North East started a master’s course or MSc in cancer biology.
    • Assamese film Xhoihobote Dhemalite (Rainbow Fields) has won the Best Screenplay award in the recently concluded Treasure Coast International Film Festival, Florida, US. The film was nominated in as many as five categories in this prestigious festival.The Treasure Coast International Film Festival presented the TCIFF Lifetime Achievement Award to film action director and industry veteran Isaac Florentine. Xhoixobote Dhemalite became the first Assamese film to be commercially released in the US. The film also won three awards in the Love International Film Festival, Los Angeles, including the Best Film award. 
    • Divya Kakran shrugged off a crushing quarterfinal defeat to bag a bronze, ensuring that medals continued to come from the wrestling arena. Divya had won a bronze at the 2018 Gold Coast CWG and silver at the recently-held Asian Junior Championship in New Delhi.
    • It was a ‘victory in defeat’ for the Indian men’s sepaktakraw team which settled for its maiden Asian Games bronze medal after being beaten by a formidable Thailand in the semifinals here today. The Indian men’s regu team lost to Thailand 0-2 but picked up a bronze as both the losing semifinalists are also awarded a medal. Sepaktakraw, which directly translates to kick the ball, has been part of the Games programme since 1990. India has participated since the 2006 edition and is slowly catching with the South East Asian countries, where the sport has a huge following. Thailand has won a whopping 22 gold medals at the Games and Myanmar is a distant second in the list with five gold. Eight of the 12 members of the squad are from Manipur and the rest from Delhi.
    • Saurabh Chaudhary, all of 16, today became the youngest Indian shooter to win an Asian Games gold medal as he trumped a field comprising multiple world and Olympic champions in the 10m air pistol finals. The seasoned Sanjeev Rajput then made the country proud, winning the silver in the 50m rifle 3 positions. Another Indian making his international debut, 29-year-old Abhishek Verma, shot 219.3 to secure bronze in 10m air pistol event. Expectations were high from Chaudhary as he had broken the world record on his way to winning a gold in the Junior World Cup in Germany couple of months ago.
    • The ambitious Van Dhan Yojana, which seeks to increase the income of tribal people through value addition and boost economic development of tribal communities, will soon be launched in all districts across Assam. The scheme will be implemented in association with The Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India (TRIFED) and the project implementation and management will be done by the Assam Plain Tribes Development Corporation. The Assam Tribune that the scheme aims to promote livelihood generation among the tribals and transform them as tribal entrepreneurs. Among other things, the scheme proposes to set up community owned Non-Timber Forest Produce (NTFP) centric Van Dhan Vikas Kendras in predominantly tribal districts which could act as common facility centres for procurement-cum-value addition to locally available NTFPs and also for skill-based handicraft and marketing of such products. The plan is to set up 41 such Van Dhan Vikas Kendras in Assam during the ongoing 2018-19 fiscal and another 46 in 2019-20. It is expected to generate livelihood to 26,100 tribal gatherers and artisans and transform them into tribal entrepreneurs.
    • Two girl students of Dikom tea estate, who have made it to the prestigious Asian University for Women, Bangladesh for five years of study. The selected students, Sonali Kerketta and Bandana Pator, whose parents are ordinary workers of the tea garden will be accompanied by their guardians while leaving for Bangladesh on August 22. The students will be admitted into the international university with 100% tuition fee waiver as well as food and lodge free of cost for all five years. The cost of the entire study programme for full five years comes to around $75000 (approximately Rs 52 lakh) for each student.

    Tuesday, 21 August 2018

    21st August 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC

    • The Union Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), Government of India has recognised Darrang as the best performing district in the field of digital online services through Common Service Centres or CSCs. The Union Ministry awarded the district for achieving this remarkable feat from among nearly 750 districts across the country. Among the total of 750 districts in the country, Darrang VLE Society was awarded as the best performing CSC VLE Society for their record performance in the field of fertiliser sale to the farmers.
    • Vinesh Phogat today created history by becoming the first Indian woman wrestler to win a gold medal at the Asian Games, brushing aside her rivals with remarkable ease in the 50kg category here.  The only woman wrestler to win two medals in back-to-back Asian Games. Vinesh had earlier won a bronze medal in the 48kg category at the 2014 Incheon Asian Games. Vinesh also won back-to-back gold medals in Glasgow and Gold Coast Commonwealth Games this year.  The men’s campaign finished with one gold medal from Bajrang Punia (65kg).
    • The 27th Manipuri Language Day was widely observed in Manipur on 20th August 2018
    • Saaz pani and judima have cleared a series of chemical tests, paving the way for their commercial brewing as the State’s first ‘heritage brews’. Judima is a traditional rice wine of the Dimasa tribe, while saaz pani is also a rice-based beverage popular among the Ahom and Tiwa communities. The traditionally prepared brew, mostly made from rice, is also known to have medicinal properties and once it hits the markets it is expected to give the foreign liquor and wine a tough competition. According to the new ‘Heritage Brew’ policy of the Excise department, the product should not contain more than 12 per cent alcohol volume by volume.
    • Skipper Virat Kohli scored his 23rd Test century as a dominant India took giant strides towards victory in the third cricket Test against England

    Monday, 20 August 2018

    18th - 20th August 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC

    • Actor Adil Hussain has received the Best Actor award at the Amanda Awards, the top national film honour in Norway. Hussain received the aard for the film What Will People Say made by Norwegian-Pakistani filmmaker Iram Haq. The film is set in Pakistan and Norway and traces how a Pakistani immigrant family deals with its teenage daughter’s affair with a local boy in Norway. Hussain had earlier bagged the Kanon Award at the Kosmorama film festival in Norway. The 54-year-old actor was adjudged the best actor at the festival for his role in the film.
    • India opened its account in the 18th Asian Games with a bronze medal after Apurvi Chandela and Ravi Kumar cracked under pressure to finish third in the rifle mixed team shooting event .
    • Bajrang Punia opened India’s gold medal account at the Asian Games, bringing smiles and relief to the Indian camp which was jolted by the early exit of star wrestler Sushil Kumar. Bajrang came into the Games after winning three tournaments – Commonwealth Games, Tbilisi Grand Prix and Yasar Dogu International – and carried on with his superlative show.  
    • The Amchang Wildlife Sanctuary comprises three reserve forests – Khanapara reserve forest, Amchang reserve forest and South Amchang reserve forest. In 1953, the Khanapara reserve forest was declared with an area of 9.96 sq km. The Amchang reserve forest was declared in 1972 with an area of 53.18 sq km. In 1990, the South Amchang reserve forest was declared with an area of 15.50 sq km. Ultimately on June 19, 2004, the Assam government declared these three reserve forests as Amchang Wildlife Sanctuary. The sanctuary is located within the geographical limits of longitudes 91.50 degree East to 92.03 degree East and latitudes 26.08 degree North to 26.26 degree North, covering an area of almost 78.64 sq km. There are 24 species of mammals in the sanctuary and among them some are very rare and endangered among which hoolock gibbon is feared to be lost as nobody had heard its mystic voice for a long time.
    • Udit Gogoi of Assam representing India won the doubles title of the Road to Wimbledon Tennis Tournament which was held at Wimbledon Grass Courts in London. Udit partnering with Chirag Duhan of India defeated Billy Blaydes and Jonah Gethin of UK 6-3, 0-6, 10-5 in a gruelling three setter. 
    • In a bid to boost export of handicraft items to the neighbouring countries, the Bodoland Regional Apex Weavers & Artisans Co-operative Federation Ltd (BRAWFED), has taken a slew of initiatives. To carry forward its plan, the BRAWFED has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Bhutan Chamber of Commerce and Industry (BCCI) to hold an exhibition at Thimphu, the capital of Bhutan from September 12 with a four-day-long programme. The aim of the expo is to promote handicraft products produced by the local artisans, especially in the Bodoland areas. BRAWFED, which has been promoting handicraft products by encouraging local artisans, has plans to hold expos in various parts of the neighbouring countries in the days to come.
    • Movietonne, an online platform to stream Assamese and regional films, was launched today with a platter of 16 different flicks. Movietonne, a startup, aims to offer over 100 regional cinemas in the future.
    • Piramal Foundation, a premier non-profit organisation working in the field of education and health for more than a decade has entered into an agreement with Niti Aayog to work for transformation of all the 115 aspirational districts of the country by focusing on core areas pertaining to education, health, nutrition agriculture, financial inclusion, infrastructure development sectors for improving the living standard of the people by ensuing inclusive growth for all. Accordingly, Piramal Foundation has been working in close coordination with the district administration, Goalpara and collaborating with the Department of Education, SSA, DIET, department of adult education for supporting transformation of students learning outcomes with especial focus relating to issues of female literacy etc.
    • The Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK), Dudhnoi along with the district agriculture office, Agriculture Technology Management Agency (ATMA) and allied departments have something to cheer for after achieving the top position in Krishi Kalyan Abhiyan (KKA) which has been implemented in all the 115 aspirational districts of the country. The KKA programme which started from June 1 and continued till August 15, 2018 with the objective to improve the economic condition of the farmers by giving boost to agriculture has been implemented in 25 selected villages of the district. Various specific actions like soil testing, issue of soil health cards, distribution of mini kits of pulses and oil seeds/paddy, horticulture, agro forestry plants, NADEP pits, artificial insemination in cattle, bovine and goat vaccination, agriculture implements and other related activities have been implemented during this period.
    • Under the extended Gram Swaraj Abhiyan, Goalpara district has achieved 100% saturation in 3 key schemes under financial inclusion, stated a DIPRO release. The schemes under financial inclusion, namely Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY), Pradhan Mantri Jibon Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY) and Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY) against the target of 20,341 covering all the 289 villages, 23,851 accounts were opened under PMJDY, thus achieving 114.86% saturation. aUnder PMJJBY, 17,412 persons were covered even though the target was 16,949, thus achieving a saturation of 102.74%, while 102.58% saturation was achieved under PMSBY, covering insurance of 27,818 persons against the target of 27,118 persons. Under Indradhanush, the Department of Health & Family Welfare has achieved 100% saturation too, the release stated.
    • Scholars in China have cautiously welcomed India’s move to invite limited Chinese investments for the development of its northeastern States by connecting them with Bangladesh’s Chittagong port. India has unveiled a major plan for the development of its NE States by connecting them with Chittagong port and invited for the first-time limited Chinese investments which were shunned till now due to security concerns in the border areas. Senior Cabinet ministers from Assam, Tripura and Nagaland – the States governed by the BJP and its allies – accompanied by BJP general secretary Ram Madhav visited the southern Chinese city of Guangzhou last weekend and met Indian and Chinese businessmen. State-run Global Times in a report said the invitation to China to participate in an India-Bangladesh connectivity project is a surprise move that Chinese observers broadly and cautiously welcomed.

    Focus Article : Thanks to Vajpayee, East West Corridor reached Northeast - R DUTTA CHOUDHURY

    • The East West Corridor, which is now becoming a major communication lifeline of the entire country, was extended to the northeastern region because of the initiative taken by Atal Bihari Vajpayee as the Prime Minister. He also accepted the proposal of the Assam Governor and the State government to award the Bharat Ratna posthumously to Lokapriya Gopinath Bardoloi.
    • Former Chief Minister Prafulla Kumar Mahanta, who had close relation with Vajpayee right from his days as the president of the All Assam Students’ Union (AASU), recalled the contributions of the former Prime Minister towards Assam and other States of the region and said that Vajpayee always had a soft corner in his heart for the region.
    • Talking to The Assam Tribune, Mahanta said, “When I was the Chief Minister, we felt that we received all required help from Vajpayee whether he was the Prime Minister or the Leader of the Opposition in the Parliament.” He said that as per the original plan, the East West Corridor was to end in Kolkata and so, he along with Chief Ministers of other States of the region met Vajpayee, who was the Prime Minister at that time, and requested him to extend it to the Northeast to improve road communication that was vital for the development of this part of the country. “Vajpayee immediately agreed to the proposal and issued necessary instructions to extend the East West Corridor to the Northeast,” he added.
    • Mahanta said as Lokapriya Gopinath Bardoloi was instrumental in preventing merger of Assam with Pakistan, the Asom Gana Parishad (AGP) government in Assam sent a proposal to the Centre to confer the Bharat Ratna posthumously on Bardoloi. Vajpayee immediately accepted the proposal and Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian honour of the country, was conferred posthumously on the Lokapriya. Similarly, during the tenure of Vajpayee as the Prime Minister, the Borjhar airport was renamed as Lokapriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport.
    • Mahanta said that as the North Eastern Council almost became defunct, Vajpayee started the process of setting up the Department for Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER). But the process could not be completed during his tenure as the Prime Minister and the department was formed later. He said the progress of the bridge over the Brahmaputra river at Pancharatna (Goalpara) was very slow and the Vajpayee-led government gave the necessary thrust to expedite the process, and he also came to the State to inaugurate the bridge. Similarly, Vajpayee laid the foundation stone of the Bogibeel bridge. Though different persons are claiming credit for the Dhola-Sadiya bridge, it was during the time of Vajpayee as the Prime Minister that the Defence Ministry clearance was received for the project, Mahanta said.
    • The former Chief Minister pointed out that a statue of Lachit Barphukan was set up in the National Defence Academy during the time of Vajpayee as the Prime Minister, while the accord with the Bodo Liberation Tiger (BLT) was also signed during that time to pave the way for creation of the Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC).
    • Mahanta admitted that during the tenure of Vajpayee as the Prime Minister, the State always received due importance from the Centre. He said that whenever floods occurred in the State, he immediately sent Central teams to assess the situation and he himself visited Assam a few times to assess the situation on the ground.
    • Leading an AASU delegation, Mahanta also met Vajpayee when the latter was the External Affairs Minister to demand construction of the Kaliabhomora bridge.
    • He said during the Assam movement, Vajpayee along with Dr Bhupen Hazarika and several other prominent personalities attended a meeting in the office of the AASU in Cotton College and offered valuable suggestions. During the movement, Vajpayee visited the State several times and extended his support to the movement.
    • Mahanta met a number of Prime Ministers both as a student leader and a politician, and when asked to assess them, he said, “VP Singh was also sympathetic towards Assam. But I still feel that Vajpayee was most considerate and had a soft corner for the State.”
    • Meanwhile, former State minister Biraj Kumar Sarma recalled how once Vajpayee, who was then the Prime Minister, enjoyed a Bihu function in the Latasil Bihutoli. “At that time, Dhiren Baruah was the president of the Bihu committee. Vajpayee addressed the function and then spent hours at the Bihutoli and enjoyed the function. Vajpayee also interacted with the Bihu committee members and local people. Vajpayee enjoyed the cultural programmes and stressed the need for keeping Bihu alive, said Sarma, who was then the Urban Development Minister of Assam and accompanied Vajpayee to the function.

    The major take aways of Atalji's Government 

    ➡️ Operation Shakti (Pokhran-II) nuclear tests.
    ➡️ Passed the Chandrayan-1 project.
    ➡️ National Highway Development Project.
    ➡️ Goldern Quadrilateral.
    ➡️ North-South and East-West Corridors
    ➡️ Pradhanmantri Gramin Sadak Yojna.
    ➡️ Delhi Metro Project.
    ➡️ Dhola Sadiya Bridge (Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Setu)
    ➡️ Bogibheel Bridge (Brahmputra - Assam) ongoing.
    ➡️ Indian Rivers Inter-link kicked-off.
    ➡️ Promulgated 'Prevention of Terrorism Act'.
    ➡️ Prevention of Terrorism Activities Act (POTA).
    ➡️ Defence Intelligence Unit created.
    ➡️ Information Technology and Industrial Parks.
    ➡️ Important Disinvestments.
    ➡️ Fiscal Responsibility Act.
    ➡️ New Telecom Policy (NTP).
    ➡️ Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan - Right ot Education
    ➡️ National Institute of Technology
    ➡️ Pravasi Bharatiya Samman.
    ➡️ Ministry of Tribal Affairs' established
    ➡️ Delhi-Lahore Bus regular link after 1947.
    ➡️ Operation Vijay (Kargil War).
    ➡️ Strategic and military cooperation with Israel
    ➡️ Impetus to India’s ‘Look East Policy’
    ➡️ Purchased 'INS Vikrmaditya' for Indian Navy.
    ➡️ Agreement for 'Sukhoi', 'Brahmos'.
    ➡️ "Tejas", First Flight took in 2001.
    ➡️ Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant.
    ➡️ Uttarakhand, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand created.

    Sunday, 19 August 2018

    APDCL 2015 English and General Knowledge paper

    Current Affairs 365 has collaborated with 

    Assam Education Society to get this question paper

    Click here to download

    Friday, 17 August 2018

    15th - 17th August 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC

    • India's first Humboldt Penguin chick was hatched at the Mumbai Zoo, the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) officially announced here on Thursday.
    • Former India cricket captain Ajit Wadekar passed away on Wednesday,15 August after a prolonged illness. He was 77. Wadekar, who played 37 Tests, led India to historic triumphs in the West Indies and England in the 1970s. Under him, India won five matches in the West Indies in the early 1970s before beating England in a three-match series.
    • Gauhati University has been granted ‘A’ grade by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC). It has scored 3.04 (CGPA) on a four-point scale. The university was last accredited by the NAAC in 2010 with ‘B’ grade when it had scored a CGPA of 2.92.
    • A land policy is being prepared by the State government to protect the land rights of the indigenous people of Assam. This was announced by Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal during his customary Independence Day speech at the College of Veterinary Science playground here on Wednesday. 
    • The NF Railway has detected 74,432 ticketless travellers and those travelling without proper tickets during the month of July and realised an amount of Rs 5.33 crore as penalty from such individuals. This is a big jump from the Rs 4.84 crore that had been realised during the corresponding month last year from 70,057 persons found travelling without tickets or with improper tickets
    • Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Wednesday announced a manned mission to space by 2022. 

    Former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, one of India’s most charismatic leaders who led the nation through several crises while holding together a tenuous coalition with his inclusive politics and superlative oratory, passes away At 93.  
    • The former Prime Minister's birthday on December 25 is celebrated as Good Governance Day, was honoured with the Bharat Ratna in 2014 at his home.
    • The last rites of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee will take place at 4 pm on 18th August at Rashtriya Smriti Sthal

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that women officers recruited under the short service commission in the armed forces will have the option of taking up permanent commission.
    • Government is likely to come out with a comprehensive policy in the next couple of months on permanent commissioning of women in the Army, Navy and the Indian Air Force.
    • The three services have allowed permanent recruitment of women in select streams including medical, education, legal, signals, logistics, engineering and several other streams. The women officers recruited through the SSC in the IAF have the option of seeking permanent commission in all streams except the flying branch.
    • Navy has allowed permanent commission of women in a host of departments such as logistics, naval designing, air traffic control, engineering and legal.
    • The Army offers permanent commission to women officers in two branches judge advocate general (JAG) and education.
    • Both the Navy and the IAF recruit women pilots under SSC.
    • The Army recruits women officers under SSC for streams like air defence, engineering, signals and services.
    • Under SSC, officers are allowed tenures ranging from five to 14 years of services. Permanent commission allows them to serve till the age of retirement.

    Dr Manobjyoti Bordoloi, Senior Principal Scientist & Head of Chemical Science and Technology division of North East Institute of Science & Technology, Jorhat was conferred the Venus International Research Award (VIRA) in the category of ‘Lifetime Achievement’ in Chemistry at Radha Regent, Chennai, India

    In a bid to augment better academic ties between India and Bangladesh, Assam University, Silchar recently signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Daffodil International University, a leading private varsity of Dhaka. The MoU was signed in Dhaka by Prof Dilip Chandra Nath, Vice Chancellor of Assam University and SM Mehbub Ul Haque Mazumder, pro-Vice Chancellor of Daffodil International University, Dhaka along with other academicians of the collaborating institutes.

    On the occasion of the 72nd Independence Day, 32 Assam Police personnel have been awarded police medals.
    • The President’s Police Medal for Gallantry (PPMG) has been awarded to three personnel – ASP Tabu Ram Pegu and constables Ramen Kalita and Hemanta Rajbongshi. 
    • The President’s Police Medal for Distinguished Service has been awarded to two state personnel – DIG Rana Bhuyan and constable (Tinsukia) Hardon Sah. Twenty seven personnel have received Police Medal for Meritorious Service. 
    • The President’s Fire Service Medal for Distinguished/Meritorious Services has been conferred upon three Fire & Emergency Services personnel from Assam. The President’s Fire Service Medal for Distinguished Service has been conferred upon Ghanashyam Choudhury, Senior Station Officer, Fire & Emergency Services, HQ, Assam. 
    • On the other hand, Sub-Officer, Fire & Emergency Services, Assam, Dharma Kanta Gogoi and Leading Fireman, Fire & Emergency Services, HQ, Assam, Rajat Chandra Patgiri have been conferred with the President’s Fire Service Medal for Meritorious Service.

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Wednesday said a major healthcare initiative to give medical insurance cover to 50 crore Indians will roll out from September 25 -the 102nd birth anniversary of Bharatiya Jana Sangh founder Deendayal Upadhyay.
    • "Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Abhiyaan will be launched on September 25 to ensure that the poor get access to good quality and affordable healthcare. 
    • The initiative of the government will have a positive impact on 50 crore Indians," Modi said in his last Independence Day speech before the general elections next year. The scheme is billed as the world's largest government-funded healthcare programme. Also called "Modicare", it aims at providing medical insurance coverage of Rs 5 lakh per family annually, benefiting more than 10 crore poor families in the country. 
    • While most States already provide a cover of up to Rs 2 lakh to families necessarily not below the poverty line, the new scheme subsumes these programmes into the national initiative.

    Focus Article: Vision needed for proposed Greater Guwahati Metropolitan Region - Parangam Sarma Basistha

    • GUWAHATI, the gateway to the North East, is experiencing tremendous growth in population, urbanisation, and migration from different districts of Assam and from small and medium northeastern towns, which has created a huge deficit in urban amenities and infrastructure of the city. Unplanned growth of the city and ignorance towards development of the hinterland or peri-urban areas have created unbalanced development, bringing about major disturbances in the urban-rural linkages. 
    • Guwahati is growing in population from almost 5,00,000 in 1991 to 9,68,549 in 2011. The population density of the city is recorded at 4,455 persons per sq km. The physical expansion of the city grew from 43.28 sq km in 1971 to 262 sq km in 2001 and presently to 328 sq km. Such growth demands improved infrastructural provision, land use developments, housing and allied services, residential and commercial areas, affordable townships, open areas, industries, and most importantly, provision of jobs.
    • Guwahati experiences rapid migration and also floating population from its economic sub-centres like Nalbari, Barpeta, Tihu, Sipajhar, Borkhetri, Sualkuchi, Sarthebari, Sonapur, Goalpara, Palasbari, Hajo, Changsari, Chaygaon, etc. The city is served by these towns in terms of labour force, goods and services, agricultural products, milk and meat, green and leafy vegetables and other perishable and non-perishable products. The mother city Guwahati, in return, acts as a hub for generation of secondary and tertiary services and as a centre for economic growth. This region around Guwahati possesses a high degree of resource potential and can be planned for economic, social and environmental development for holistic growth and development of the entire region.
    • A city’s physical expansion and requirement of higher degree of services to serve the population are an inevitable process. Expansion and development of cities and their dependent regions need to be effectively planned, envisioned with a holistic regional development approach that incorporates the wide aspects of opportunities, issues and concerns of development. 
    • The regional plan is often seen as a plan for balanced development that reduces competition of resource utilisation and minimises leapfrog development between different places within the region. Regional planning can help in reducing disparities, minimising push-and-pull effects of migration, utilises underutilised resources and takes into account economic, social and environmental goals – thus ensuring sustainability.
    • Keeping in mind the effective development of Guwahati and the region, the Guwahati Metropolitan Development Authority (GMDA) has proposed a metropolitan region with a total area of 3,471 sq km. The Greater Guwahati Metropolitan Region includes parts of five districts – Kamrup (Metro), Kamrup, Nalbari, Darrang and Morigaon. The new Greater Guwahati Metropolitan Region (GMR) has been proposed to include 30 urban centres and 1,061 villages of 15 revenue circles. 
    • As per the 2011 census, the total population of the proposed GMR is 24 lakh, distributed in 48 per cent urban and 52 per cent rural areas. The proposed area of GMR includes reserve forest and forest (1072.14 sq km), water bodies excluding the Brahmaputra (261.61 sq km) and including the Brahmaputra (141 sq km). The GMR will include areas like Azara, Chandrapur, North Guwahati, Guwahati GMDA area, Sonapur, Barkhetri, Hajo, Chaygaon, Kamalpur, Goroimari, Palasbari, Sipajhar and Mayong. All these areas possess potentiality for growth and development in the agricultural sector, agro-based industries, and tourism with the satisfactory level of literacy rate of 91 per cent in the average and available workforce.
    • The socio-economic profile of GMR shows a high level of main worker rate (77 per cent), but indicates less participation in the workforce (39 per cent). This indicates that though literacy rate is more in the region, there are some hidden reasons that are not allowing the youth population in this region to join the workforce. Less availability of jobs or decreasing interest of the youths in the traditional agrarian economy might be the probable cause behind this.
    • A detailed investigation shows that each of the major towns of GMR exhibits a unique character and resource potential which can be brought under one umbrella for balanced regional growth. Hajo is famous for brass and bell metal industries and as a religious place for Hindus, Buddhists and Muslims. The socio-economic profile of Hajo consists of trading, small-scale business, brass products, agriculture, fishing and pottery making. The new Saraighat Bridge over the Brahmaputra has improved connectivity to Hajo-Nalbari from Guwahati. The Deepor Beel can be a place of interest due to its ecological and hydrological services.
    • Nalbari has the potential for growth as an education sub-centre and as a health city after Guwahati. Chaygaon, on the south bank, is historically important and can be treated as an industrial growth centre. Agro-based economic activities can be established by taking advantage of the available resources around Chaygaon.
    • The North Guwahati areas possess a high potential to grow. The economic base of Sipajhar in Darrang district is agriculture with other allied activities such as fishery, handicraft, animal husbandry, weaving, etc. Mayong in Morigaon district, which is historically known for its magic and necromancy, can be developed as a tourist destination. Different small-scale industries include the Jagiroad Paper Mill and dry fish market at Jagiroad, which is famous as one of the largest dry fish markets in Asia where about 4,000 people are engaged directly or indirectly.
    • Apart from all potentialities or opportunities, the GMR is flooded with problems related to growth and development. Some common infrastructural issues are water supply, floods, connectivity and condition of roads, waste treatment, drainage and condition of canals, housing, low living condition, vehicular traffic, lack of organised public amenities, etc. that degrade the overall quality of life.
    • Most of the areas in the GMR are fascinated with the “display effect” of the city, which is forcing the educated workforce to migrate to Guwahati. The whole area is dominated by the primacy of Guwahati and dwellers of the GMR are becoming dependent on the prime city for health care, education, jobs, recreational activities, etc. 
    • Moreover, social issues like uneven income distribution, dislike or less interest in traditional agriculture, low rate of workforce participation, less participation of literate women in the economy, low level of awareness and lack of encouragement/enthusiasm to participate in development are prevalent in the region.
    • The GMR region has ample opportunities as well as constraints for regional development that need to be envisioned before its development. The vision for the region may include strong urban-rural linkage, revitalisation of existing canals and rivers, transport connectivity, policy for development of residential spaces and preservation of ecological diversity, creation of satellite spaces, development of home-based economy, development of tourism in Hajo, Kamakhya, Deepor Beel and Mayong, improvement of quality of life etc. 
    • Moreover, socio-economic assessment, environmental impact analysis, techno-economic feasibility study, input-output analysis, and regional suitability study should be conducted before the initiation of development process of the GMR to achieve a balanced, efficient and holistic regional development.

    • Mizoram is one of the highest growing economies among Indian States, along with Gujarat, Jharkhand and Tripura, that recorded above 8 per cent growth rate during the last four years, Chief Minister Lal Thanhawla said here on Wednesday.
    • "With the introduction of New Land Use Programme (NLUP) and New Economic Development Policy (NEDP), today Mizoram is one of the highest growing economies among the States in the country," the Chief Minister said after unfurling the National Flag at the Independence Day function at the Assam Rifles ground here.
    • "Mizoram ranks first among the small Sates and second among all States in health index prepared by the World Bank Group and NITI Aayog. The State has the second highest literacy rate in the country.
    • "With the implementation of various Central-sponsored schemes and the State's flagship programmes -- NLUP in 2011 and NEDP in 2016, there have been notable achievements in agriculture and allied sectors. NLUP has been a substantial contributor in the decline of 'jhum' (shifting cultivation) area by 31.37 per cent during the last six years.
    • "Assistance was given to around 18,000 beneficiaries in the first phase and second phase under the NLUP and NEDP," he added.
    • The Chief Minister said that out of the cumulative figure of Rs 2,000 crore set aside for NEDP by the State government for three years (2016-2019), about 85 per cent was provisioned for infrastructure development and operation and maintenance of public infrastructures.
    • "Mizoram Economic Conclave 2018, the first of its kind, was organised in April to deliberate on the challenges and opportunities in the process of economic growth focusing more on the role of agricultural sector including skills and entrepreneurship development.
    • "'My Project, My NEDP', is another important initiative under the NEDP which is intended to enable public participation in the formulation of major development project of common public utility."
    • He said in the recent "Magnetic Mizoram Investors Summit", the state signed a letter of intent worth Rs 600 crore in solar energy and Rs 1,500 crore in hospitality sectors with private investors.
    • The Chief Minister said that in a major breakthrough, the political level "peace talk" between Mizoram government and the terrorist outfit -- Hmar People's Convention-Democratic (HPC-D) - was held under a cordial environment culminating with the signing of an accord and laying down of arms by the 114 militants.
    • He said that Mizoram has been declared the 13th Open Defecation Free State in the country on March 30.

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    Tuesday, 14 August 2018

    11 - 14 August 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC

    • The 127th Patriots’ Day was observed in Manipur on Monday to pay homage to the freedom fighters of the 1891’s Anglo-Manipuri War. The main function was held at Bir Tikendrajit Park, where prince Bir Tikendrajit and Thangal General were hung to death publicly on this day in 1891 on the charge of waging war against the British, following Manipur’s defeat to the British forces. Since then, the Day, 11th August is observed as the Patriots’ Day every year.
    • Communist veteran and former Lok Sabha Speaker Somnath Chatterjee passed away at a private hospital 
    • Chief Minister’s Samagra Grammya Unnayan Yojna (CMSGUY), a scheme to transform the rural economy with a budget outlay of Rs 33,000 crore. Sonowal also announced that best fishermen and fish producers would be felicitated at a programme to acknowledge their contribution to the State’s fishery sector.
    • The Lakhimpur College of Veterinary Science was awarded formal recognition by the Veterinary Council of India (VCI). The Lakhimpur College of Veterinary Science, which was restored in 2014, has suffered many difficulties like deficiency of teachers, manpower, veterinary clinical complex and ILFC. As such, the Lakhimpur College of Veterinary Science was considered inept by an inspection team from the VCI in 2017, primarily due to lack of infrastructure.
    • The Assam Higher Secondary Education Council (AHSEC) has introduced a new subject – Swadesh Adhyayan – for HS Arts stream students from the current academic session to familiarise the higher secondary level students with the history and geography of the State and the intellectual, cultural and spiritual heritage of its people.
    • The first project under the Central Government’s Swadesh Darshan Scheme, ‘North East Circuit: Imphal and Khongjom’, will be inaugurated by Manipur Governor Najma Heptulla. Swadesh Darshan’ (tour of country) is a flagship scheme of the Ministry of Tourism for the development of thematic circuits in the country in a planned and prioritised manner. The scheme was launched in 2014-15 and the Ministry has so far sanctioned 70 projects at a cost of Rs 5,708.88 crore. The project under inauguration was sanctioned by the Ministry of Tourism in September 2015 for Rs 72.30 crore. The project covers two sites – Kangla Fort and Khongjom. Kangla Fort is one of the most important historic and archaeological site of Manipur located in the heart of Imphal city. It served as the seat of Manipur’s power till 1891. Under this project, the Ministry has carried out works such as restoration and improvement of outer and inner moat of the old Govindajee Temple and rejuvenation of sacred ponds, reconstruction of old rampart, among others. Under both the schemes, the Ministry has sanctioned 15 projects covering all North Eastern States for Rs 1,301.47 crore
    • Rafael Nadal held off a late surge from birthday boy Stefanos Tsitsipas to claim the 80th title of his career with victory at the Toronto Masters
    • World number one Simona Halep held her nerve in a roller coaster duel with Sloane Stephens on Sunday to win the WTA Montreal crown for the second time.
    • Norwegian track prodigy Jakob Ingebrigtsen upstaged his two older brothers to claim a memorable gold in the European 1500m in Berlin aged just 17. The middle of the Ingebrigtsen trio, Filip, had gone into the race at a packed Olympic Stadium as favourite, the defending champion and current world bronze medallist. The eldest, Henrik, had major championships experience, with a medal of each colour won in the last three European champs. But that counted for nothing as Jakob, who turns 18 next month and is coached like his siblings by father Gjert, lived up to his billing as one to watch.
    • Assam’s 3D animation film A Blind Dog has been selected to be officially screened at the APA Film Festival during August 9-12 at the famous Moscone Center in San Francisco, California. The APA Film Festival is being held as part of the 126th annual convention of the American Psychological Association (APA). A Blind Dog is the only Indian film to be screened at the special APA Film Festival. Animation as well as direction of the film is done by Ryan Hazarika. Axl Hazarika is the producer, music composer and VFX editor of the 3D animation film. This is the real life-based story of the relationship between a musician and his blind dog.
    • The Assam State Zoo celebrated the seventh World Elephant Day, on 12th August, in partnership with the Wildlife of Africa Conservation Initiative. The initiative aimed at inspiring “a growing generation, knowledgeable and motivated to take positive actions on behalf of the wildlife that share our land and sea with us and the environment.” World Elephant Day was launched on August 12, 2012, by the Elephant Reintroduction Foundation and Canadian documentary filmmaker Patricia Sims. World Elephant Day encourages individuals and organizations worldwide to take action, spread awareness, and share effective ways to help save and protect elephants and support the many commendable elephant conservation initiatives.
    • TRAI  launches its apps on UMANG platform. UMANG or ‘unified mobile application for new-age governance’ has been developed by National e-Governance division of the ministry of electronics & IT (MeitY). UMANG to help consumers access multiple government services easily.
    • After Senapati and Bishnupur districts, Churachandpur has become the third Open Defecation Free (ODF) district in Manipur. The declaration was made following the total construction of Individual Household Latrines (IHHLs) as per baseline survey of 2012. The Survey conducted in 2012 identified 22,282 households for construction of IHHLs in the district. Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM)-Gramin is a flagship programme of Central Government and under this programme 4,46,401 rural households, 3,919 government schools, 1,201 Angawadis of the State are to be provided sanitary latrines by October 2, 2019. According to official documents uploaded in PHE department website regarding SBM-Gramin, overall SBM coverage in the state was 52.16 per cent in 2014, when the mission was first launched. The State increased its coverage to 80.50 per cent during the current year. But ODF has also become an issue in Manipur in view of the existing dysfunctional toilets numbering around 40,482, the document said.
    • Indian shuttler Ajay Jayaram finished as runner-up at the Vietnam Open after losing the final to Shesar Hiren Rhustavito of Indonesia.
    • In a bid to encourage writers who are associated with sports literature, the Asam Sahitya Sabha will introduce a sports literature award in memory of noted sports organiser and sports journalist Pulin Das.
    • India suffered an embarrassing 159-run innings defeat in the second Test against England after yet another batting failure on day four at the Lord’s, leaving the struggling visitors 0-2 behind in the five-match series.
    • Nilutpal Gogoi, a student of Mechanical Engineering Department of Dibrugarh University has entered the Assam Book of Records for being a numismatist (currency note and coin collector).  Gogoi, son of Pronam Kumar Gogoi of the city has been a numismatist since 2011. He has so far collected 71 currency notes and coins belonging to 12 different countries like Hong Kong, Japan, Australia, Bhutan, Singapore, Bangladesh, Russia, Thailand, Pakistan, United Arab Emirates, France and Nepal. The collections include ancient and modern currency notes and coins. He also possesses three antique copper coins of India, made in 1818. The Assam Book of Records has appreciated his earnest persistence of his hobby and placed his name in the state record category.

      Digital North East Vision 2022

      • The Vision Document emphasizes leveraging digital technologies to transform lives of people of the north east and enhance the ease of living. The Document identifies eight digital thrust areas namely:
      1. Digital Infrastructure,
      2. Digital services, 
      3. Digital empowerment, 
      4. Promotion of Electronics Manufacturing, Promotion of IT and ITes including BPOs, Digital Payments, 
      5. Innovation & Start  ups
      6. Cyber security. 
      • Minister of Electronics and Technology and Chief Minister of Assam will lay the foundation stone for the Common Facilitation Centre and Smart Meter Manufacturing facility in Electronics Manufacturing Cluster (EMC) in Tech City, Bongara Village, Assam for promotion of electronics manufacturing in NERegion.
      • Foundation stone will also belaid for four NIELIT (National Institute of Electronics & Information Technology) permanent centres in Guwahati, Shillong, Lunglei and Gangtok.
      • The NIC (National Informatics Centre) is launching the Secure, Scalable and Sugamya Website as a Service (SwaaS) websites for Arunachal Pradesh and Tripura. 
      • To take participative governance to last mile citizen, State MyGov portals are being launched for Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Tripura. STPI (Software Technology Park of India) incubation facility is being inaugurated in Agartala, Aizawl and Shillong. 
      • A BPO centre under the North East BPO Promotion Scheme (NEBPS) is being inaugurated in Majuli, Assam. Manipur State Data Centre (SDC) is being migrated to the Cloud Platform. ERNET (National Research and Education Network) India is enabling virtual classroom facility in Tripura. 
      • Digital Locker is being integrated with Secondary Education Board Assam and with Nagaland e-District. A comprehensive GIS based Decision Support System for North East States and North Eastern District Resource Plan Geo-Portal (NEDRP) is also being launched.
      • ‘Digital North East’ is envisioned as an integral part of the Digital India programme.  It would help in leveraging the power of Information Technology to leapfrog the overall development of the North East region.

                Sunday, 12 August 2018

                Indian Tax System - Assam Financial Service

                In #India, #Taxes are divided into the following #Six Groups

                India is a Federal state. Power is divided between the Union and the states. The functions have been classified as exclusively for the centre, exclusively for the state and both for the centre and the states.

                The constitution provided a way to distribute the revenues from captain taxes collected by the centre among the states. To ensure a fair and judicious balance between the respective shares of the centre and states. Article 280 of our constitution empowers the President of India to set up a Finance Commission every five years.
                In India, taxes are divided into six groups:

                (I) Taxes Levied, Collected and Retained by the Centre:

                These taxes are belonging to the centre exclusively. In other words, no part of the proceeds of these taxes can be assigned to the states. The following taxes fall under this category:
                (i) Corporation Tax (Corporate tax)
                (ii) Customs Duties.
                (iii) Surcharge on Income Tax.
                (iv) Taxes on capital value of assets of individual and companies.
                (v) Fees on matters of the Union list.

                (II) Taxes Levied by the Centre but Collected and Appropriated by the States:

                The following taxes are included in this category:
                (i) Stamp duties on bills of exchange, cheques, promissory notes and others.
                (ii) Excise duties on medicinal and toilet preparation containing alcohol.
                There taxes which form part of the union list are levied by the centre but (a) collected by the states within which such duties are levied; and (b) collected by the centre when such duties are levied within any Union Territory.

                (III) Taxes Levied and Collected by the Centre but Assigned to the States:

                This category includes the following duties and taxes:

                (i) Duties on succession to property (other than agricultural land).
                (ii) Estate duty on property (other than agricultural land).
                (iii) Terminal taxes on goods and passengers carried by railways, sea and airways.
                (iv) Taxes on railway fares a freights.
                (v) Taxes on transaction in stock exchanges and future markets (other than stamp duties).
                (vi) Taxes on the sale or purchase of newspapers and taxes on advertisements published in them.
                (vii) Taxes on the sale or purchase of goods in course of inter-state trade or commerce (other than newspaper).
                (viii) Taxes on the consignment of goods in the course of inter-state trade or commerce.
                The net proceeds of these duties and taxes are assigned to states in accordance with the principles laid down by the parliament.

                (IV) Taxes Levied and Collected by the Centre and Compulsorily Distributed between the
                Centre and the States:

                Taxes on income (other than agricultural income and corporation tax) shall be levied and collected by the centre but compulsorily distributed between the centre and the states in such manner as prescribed by the president on the recommendations of the Finance Commission. The obligatory sharing of income tax is provided by Article 270 of the Constitution.

                (V) Taxes Levied and Collected by the Centre and may be distributed between the Centre and the States:

                Under this category falls the excise duties included in the Union list except those on medicinal and toilet preparations. These are levied and collected by the centre. The net proceeds of such duties can be paid to states out of the consolidated Fund of India only if the parliament so provides.
                Further, the principles of distribution shall also be laid down by the parliament. It is to be noted that sharing of the proceeds, of income tax is obligatory, while that of excise duties is permissible.

                (VI) Taxes Levied and Collected and Retained by States:
                The following taxes and duties exclusively belong to states. They are mentioned in the State list. Every state is entitled to levy, collect and appropriate these taxes. The taxes are
                (i) Duty on succession to agricultural land.
                (ii) Estate duty on agricultural land.
                (iii) Land revenue.
                (iv) Tax on agricultural income.
                (v) Tax on land and buildings
                (vi) Capitation taxes.
                (vii) Tax on mineral rights.
                (viii) Tax on the consumption or sale of electricity.
                (ix) Tax on vehicles.
                (x) Tax on the sales and purchase of goods (other than newspaper) for e.g. Sales tax.
                (xi) Tolls
                (xii) Tax on professions, trades and employment.

                My Journey to Success - Hemashri Khanikar - ACS 2017 (APSC CCE 2015)

                PERSONAL PROFILE
                Hemashri Khanikar
                Rank in Civil Services
                Roll No.               
                Marital Status
                Total attempts in CEE (including this one)           
                Optional Subjects
                History and Geography
                Service preferences Top – 3 (ACS, APS, ALRS etc.)
                ACS, ALRS,ARCS
                Service Joined
                Schooling Medium (English/Assamese/Hindi/Bengali)
                College Medium (English/Assamese/Hindi/Bengali)
                Medium chosen for Mains answers
                Medium chosen for Interview
                English and Assamese
                Home town/city
                Work-experience if any


                % in class 10
                % in class 12
                Graduation course and %
                B.Tech in Information Technology, 8.33 CGPA or 78.3%
                Name of college, city, passing out year
                Gauhati University Institute of Science and Technology, 2015
                Any other professional courses
                Hobbies & Extracurricular achievements
                Reading, Gardening etc


                Daily hrs spent on online platforms for predicting cutoff / syllabus change / age-attempt limit change and other “peripheral-discussion“related to civil services.             
                Very little. About half an hour to 1 hr.
                Daily hrs spent on WhatsApp, Facebook, Telegram study groups
                1-2 hrs.
                Daily hrs spent on online for exam prep/mock test
                Primary Device for online study: desktop, laptop, tablet, mobile  
                Laptop and Cell phone

                ANSWER WRITING

                Did you use highlighters / sketch pens in your answers?
                Did you draw any diagram in any paper? (e.g. in Geography)If yes, Did you draw diagrams with pencil or pen?
                Yes. With pencil.
                Did you use ruler to draw the lines in diagram? Or did you just make it by hand?
                If required yes.
                You wrote the answer in blue pen or black pen?
                Blue pen


                1.        Tell us something about yourself, your family, when and why did you enter in this field of competitive exams?

                My family is a nuclear one consisting of my father, my mother and myself. Both my parents are govt servants. I passed my HSLC and HS from Kendriya Vidyalaya Khanapara in 2009 and 2011 respectively. Then I did my Engineering in Information technology from Gauhati University in 2015. As for the question why I chose civil services is that I always had an affinity towards civil services and it always fascinated me. And also it gives you the best platform to serve the society and the people.

                2.        In recent times, there is spur in electronic material- blogs, sites, pdfs, RSS-feeds. Many aspirants feel bogged down by this information overload. So, how do you balance this i.e. electronic material vs. paper material (Books, newspapers)

                Electronic materials are an integral part of the whole preparation process. My first hand information on any topic was always from books, newspapers, magazines etc. In case I fail to find such on books etc. I would take help of the electronic medium. And for further information, took help of the electronics material and jot down the important points.

                3.        Do you maintain self-notes for revision of optional? In which format- electronic or paper? What is your style of preparation and notes making? 

                Yes, I did made notes for optional in paper format. I highlighted the important keywords in the notes itself for the last minute revision. First I studied the syllabus of the subject and accordingly prepared notes on the topics with flowcharts or diagrams etc wherever required.

                4.        What was your approach in the exam?

                The first thing I did the examination was I studied the whole question paper thoroughly which also include the instructions, word limits etc. Then accordingly I wrote my answers keeping in mind the word limit and the time. I wrote to the point answers with proper introduction, conclusion and diagrams & analysis wherever necessary.

                5.     Did you write answers in bullet points or in paragraphs? Did you follow the “introduction-body-conclusion” format? 

                My answers had both paragraphs and bullet points. I wrote bullet points wherever it was needed. I did follow the introduction-body-conclusion format.

                6.      What’s your optional subject and why did you chose it and not something else? If a new aspirant wants to pick your subject, would you advice for it or against it? 

                My optional subject in prelims was Indian History and History and Geography in mains. I took these two as my optional because it captured my interest and I was comfortable reading and understanding it.
                NCERTs (11th and 12th) are must for all subjects.
                For History:
                Books by Bipan Chandra, Sumeet Sarkar, Upinder Singh, Satish Chandra, Shekhar Bandopadhyay and Krishna Reddy can be consulted for the Indian part. One can also read R.S Sharma and Romila Thapar too. Indian History Book by Spectrum.
                For the world history part one can take up World history by Krishna Reddy, by Jain and Mathur and by L. Mukherjee.   

                For Geography:
                Savinder Singh’s physical geography, Geography book by spectrum, Indian Geography by DR Khullar, Human Geography by Majid Hussain, Physical geography by GC Leong, Oceanography & Climatology by DS Lal, Geography through Maps, Fundamentals of Cartography by RP Mishra, Research Methodology Book by any good author, Geography of Assam by Ahmed & Tahr and Atlas is must.
                And apart from that internet can be of great help in the preparations.

                7.      What are the books you studied doing your preparations and your list of recommended books? How much of internet-research / current affairs is necessary for this optional? OR can one simply rely on the books and be done with this subject?

                Recommended books for History and Geography are mentioned above. Apart from that, books one can follow are:

                GS Paper I and CSAT by Tata Macgraw Hill, Laxmikant & Subhas Kashyap’s book for Polity, Ramesh Singh and Sankarganesh’s book for Economics, Sc & Tech by Tata Macgraw, Pratiyogita Darpan (Monthly and all the special issues of Economy, History, Geography, Polity), Assam Year Book, A brief History of Assam by NN Acharya, History of Assam by Edward Gait, History of Assam by Priyam Goswami, Economic Survey both India and Assam, Sankar IAS’s Environment and Ecology, Nitin SInghania’s Art & Culture, PT365 pdfs on IR, Polity, Culture, Govt Schemes etc by Vision IAS, notes by Vajiram on specific topics such as on rivers, drainage system etc, Wren & Martin English grammar book, various govt websites for current affairs, news articles and daily newspaper.

                8.        How many months did it take to finish the optional syllabus?

                It was a continuous process. I can’t pin point the time frame as such. The subjects I chose as my optional were integral subjects, required both in prelims and mains. So keeping in mind the whole schedule I did study my optional subjects for about 2 years in thorough and organized manner.

                9.        Did you attend any ‘mock tests’? Do you think they’re necessary for success? How many days/ weeks before the exam, you started answer writing practice papers?

                Yes I did appear in mock test. I think they are important for self-assessment but not necessary that everybody have to appear mock tests. It’s like icing on the cake. I didn’t separate the answer writing of practice papers a different process. I integrated it while making notes on different topics.

                10.    If you are made the UPSC/APSC chairman, what other reforms would you initiate for the civil service exam?

                If appointed so, first I will study the reforms happened so far and what new and innovative approach/ reforms can be brought into the system.  And as such will act upon it.


                1.        How did you prepare for the interview? – (for college grad, hobbies, place of origin, current affairs at national and international level)

                I prepared thoroughly my mains optional subjects and my graduation subject. Since my engineering discipline is IT, I did prepared thoroughly the various schemes/projects both national and international regarding technology, digital world etc. And also important events and information relating to my place of origin. Brushed up my current affairs before the interview.

                2.        Did you attend any mock interviews by coaching classes? How were they similar / different than official interview? Do you believe it is necessary to attend such mock interviews?

                I did attend a mock interview. Mostly they were different in my case. The type of questions I faced in mock was lot different than the official interview. Actually the choices of topic by the mock interviewers were different. One or two sessions of mock interview can be helpful to boost your confidence, to be fluent in your articulation, to shape your presentation and to overcome the nervousness etc.

                3.        Where did you stay for the interview? (Hotel / friend’s home …) and what books/material did you bring for the ‘revision before interview’?

                I stayed at my home and had accesses to all my books & materials for the revision.

                4.        Who was the chairman of you interview board? How long was the interview? Why do you want to join civil service? Why don’t you continue in your graduation field? Social service can be done from private sector too.  [Since I don’t know whether they ask you this question or not. But if they had asked- what will be your reply?]

                My interview board was chaired by in-charge Chairman of APSC himself. My interview happened for about 20-25 minutes. As for the question why I chose civil services is that I always had an affinity towards civil services and it always fascinated me. And also it gives you the best platform to serve the society and the people. Civil Services was always my first preference, if had not been successful in civil services after all the attempts I would have then continued in my graduation field.

                5.        Describe the formal-dress worn by you on the day of your interview.

                I wore a sober coloured silk salwar suit with a pair of small studs.

                6.        Was your interview on the expected lines of what you had prepared or did they ask you totally unexpected questions?  Was it a stress interview, did they ask any uncomfortable questions? If yes, how did you handle it?

                It was on expected lines. More or less they asked me questions from my optional subjects and a few on my engineering discipline. It was not a stress interview.

                7.        Any side details about technicalities like “make sure you bring xyz document or do xyz thing, or you’ll face problem”?

                The documents verification was done day before the interview date. But I did carry my documents on the day of interview as well.

                8.        Please narrate your entire interview- what questions did they ask and what did you reply and other pleasant or uncomfortable experiences during the interview. (Earlier some toppers only tell me their question but not their answer. I would appreciate if you give both Question + your original answers)

                My overall experience in interview was good. The interview board asked questions from various aspects which also included my optional subjects in mains.
                At this moment I remember some of the topics but I don’t recall all the exact questions I was asked. I was asked questions on FRs, DPSPs, Flood situation of Assam (I remember answering the causes because of which the flood occurs and the flood prone areas of Assam), regarding calorie consumption (urban and rural), IR of India & Myanmar (answered: Moreh, friendship gate between India & Myanmar, India-Myanmar-Thailand trilateral highway, trade relation etc), Geography and History of Assam, RBI & Nationalization of banks, India’s independence struggle, Padma Awards & Bharat Ratna etc.

                The Miscellaneous Ones

                1.        If you were not selected, what was your career backup plan?
                When were you going to “execute” that backup plan? (e.g. after __ number of failed attempts/ after I cross __ age/ after dad retires/ after girlfriend dumps me etc.)

                If exhausted all my attempts to get into civil services, I would have gone back to my engineering discipline.

                2.        Many candidates prepare sincerely but constantly live under fear about ‘profile insecurity’. I’m not from a big college, I’m not from English medium, and I don’t have work-experience. What if they ask some stressful questions in the interview about this? Did you suffer from such insecurities? What is your message to these candidates?

                There is nothing to take tension of such things. I didn’t suffer from any such insecurity. My message to all the candidates is: just be confident of yourself, stay away from negative and unnecessary thoughts and trust yourself.

                3.        People, most of them lack consistency in their preparation. So, how do you keep study momentum going on? How do you fight against the mood swings and distractions?

                Consistency throughout the preparation is very much important and necessary. When your faith in you to achieve something is stronger than your distractions, such situation will never arise.

                4.        Through this struggle and success, what have your learned? What is the wisdom of life and competition? What is your message to the new aspirants? Many hardworking candidates have failed in Mains/Interview. They’re feeling cynical, hopeless and depressed- what is your message to them?

                As the saying goes, when there is will there is a way. Never give up. Even if one doesn’t succeed one shouldn’t feel hopeless. In the whole process, one has acquired a lot of knowledge and has learned a lot.

                5.        Behind every topper are many people who stood by during those uncertain times when he/she was merely an ‘aspirant’. Would you like to tell the world, who were those people in your case? Any specific incidence that you would like to share with the readers?

                My parents, my teachers who were with me in this whole preparation process and some of my very good friends were the support system when I was merely an aspirant. My parents always kept motivating me and never let me feel dejected or hopeless throughout my preparations and stood by me through thick and thin.

                Thank You Hemashri for taking the effort to fill this questionnaire. Your effort will go a long way to guide someone in their preparations and fulfil their long cherished dream of becoming a civil servant.