Tuesday, 3 July 2018

3rd July 2018 | Daily current affairs for APSC

  • Government of Assam has decided to merge Directorate of Historical and Antiquarian Studies with the Directorate of Museum. The decision has been taken to bring in semblance with the mandate of both the Directorates so that the works of preservation, display, research, and communication for the purpose of study, education and enjoyment of the cultural objects of this State can simulated and brought under single umbrella.
  • Government agreed on starting cashless healthcare for the employees from this October onwards besides agreeing on abolition of efficiency bar (EB) and on having fixed pay for muster roll workers at the level of grade IV employees’ pay.
  • Governor Professor Jagdish Mukhi, by virtue of being the Chancellor of Gauhati University, has made it compulsory for the research scholars to submit their final theses in the respective language, that is Hindi, Bengali and Sanskrit, other than English.
  • A peace agreement has been signed by the apex bodies of Galos and Misings to curb conflict and tension along Arunachal Pradesh-Assam boundary.The peace deal was inked at Likabali on June 30 between Galo Welfare Society (GWS), representing the Galo community of Lower Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh and Mising Bane Kebang (MBK), representing the Mising community of Dhemaji district of Assam. Observing that both Mising and Galos share a common ancestor, the Likabali declaration reached an agreement between GWS and MBK to constitute a Galo-Mising Coordination Committee (GMCC)
  • The Jagannath Baruah College, (Autonomous) is introducing NCC as an elective subject in the BA Honours programme from the coming academic session 2018-19. At present, NCC as a youth organisation under Ministry of Defence trains our youths in value education and personality development with focus on discipline and leadership qualities. Till date, NCC has been considered a co-curricular activity pursued in addition to the main course in higher education for three years with examinations held for ‘B’ and ‘C’ certificates under the Ministry of Defence.  JB College (Autonomous) has received permission from the University Grants Commission as well as the Ministry of Human Resource Development and the Ministry of Defence to start NCC as an elective subject (under the CBCS curriculum) in BA Honours course comprising four papers to be taught from the first to fourth semesters.

Focus Article: Assam Accord legally not tenable

  • Even the much-trumpeted Assam Accord is also legally untenable. Like the Indira-Mujib pact, which forms its basis on the issue of setting the deadline for detecting and deporting the East Pakistan or Bangladesh nationals, it also has not been ratified by the country’s Parliament. Article 253 of the Indian Constitution has made Parliament’s endorsement mandatory for any piece of agreement or treaty to attain legitimacy as a legal document.This was the statement made by senior high court advocate Kamal Nayan Choudhury who is challenging the legality of the deadline of March 25, 1971 as the cut-off date for detecting and deporting the aliens of East Pakistan- or Bangladesh-origin in the Supreme Court.
  • To determine a new cut-off date for detection and deportation of the foreigners, originating from erstwhile East Pakistan and now Bangladesh, the country needs to amend Article 6 of its Constitution, which has fixed July 19, 1948 as the cut-off date for the purpose. But this amendment was not brought about, even as Section 6A was inserted in the country’s Citizenship Act, going against the provisions of Article 6 of the Constitution.
  • Also, this amendment to the Citizenship Act is a violation of Article 14 of the Indian Constitution. This amendment was done on the basis of an artificial classification, bereft of any rationale. This classification was specially made for Assam, which is nothing but discriminatory. As, in Meghalaya, if a person is a post-1951 migrant he/she would face deportation.
  • Again, Section 6A of the Citizenship Act is a violation of Article 29 of the Indian Constitution, which provides unqualified right to its citizens for preserving their own languages, cultures and scripts. The March 25, 1971 cut-off date for detecting and deporting the foreigners living in Assam has made many ineligible persons eligible to secure ‘deemed’ citizenship, in sheer violation of the above constitutional guarantee provided to the country’s indigenous peoples under Article 29.
  • The March 25, 1971 cut-off date has also violated Article 21 of the Indian Constitution, as this cut-off date is going to reduce the indigenous peoples of Assam into minorities in their own homeland. Besides, it has also violated Articles 325 and 326 of the Constitution, by conferring citizenship to the illegal migrants.
  • Section 6A of the Citizenship Act is also violation of Article 355 of the Indian Constitution, as instead of abiding by its bounden duty to save a state (in this case Assam) from the menace of illegal migration, the Government of India inserted this section in the Citizenship Act to legitimize the stay of the illegal migrants in Assam.
  • Moreover, the 1955 Citizenship Act of the country prescribes the procedure for acquisition of citizenship by registration. Clause (b) of Section 5 of this legislation has provided that a person of Indian origin, who “resides in any country other than undivided India are eligible for Indian citizenship.” Admittedly, Section 6A of the Citizenship Act confers ‘deemed’ citizenship to ‘persons from undivided India’ (presently Bangladesh) in utter violation of Section 5(b) of this Act.
  • These illegal migrants have been virtually conferred dual citizenship, as these migrants never renounced their East Pakistan or Bangladesh citizenship. These people, as required under the Citizenship Act of the country, have not taken any oath of allegiance to the Indian Constitution. Section 6A has been inserted into the Citizenship Act only for the political expediency of the rulers, said the senior high court advocate.

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