Tuesday, 31 July 2018

31st July 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC

Names of 40,07,707 individuals have been left out in the second and complete draft of the National Register of Citizens (NRC)

  • The final draft featured names of 2,89,83,677 Indian citizens living in Assam out of the 3,29,91,384 who had applied for inclusion of their names in the registry.
  • Those left out would have the opportunity to file their claims before the NRC Seva Kendras from August 30 till September 28, said Registrar General of India (RGI) Sailesh while addressing the media persons this morning.
  • The process of NRC update was taken up in Assam as per order of the Supreme Court of India in 2013. The idea behind the exercise to update the citizens document for the first time since 1951 under the supervision of the top court is to identify “genuine citizens” living in Assam and detect illegal immigrants.
  • Individuals who cannot prove that they or their ancestors entered the country before midnight of March 24, 1971 (cut-off year decided as per the Assam Accord of 1985) will be deemed as illegal immigrants.
  • The first draft list of the updated NRC was published on the intervening night of December 31 and January 1, featuring names of 1.9 crore Indian citizens living in Assam.
  • The process of the NRC update started in December 2013 and the applications for it were invited in May-June 2015. The last date of submission of applications was August 31, 2015. As many as 68,31,330 applications were submitted during the update process.
  • The NRC of 1951 is being updated for Assam in accordance with the tripartite agreement between the State, the Centre and the influential All Assam Students Union (AASU) in 2005 as a key issue for implementation of the Assam Accord.
  • More than 3.29 crore people of the State applied for inclusion of names in the NRC and 6.6 crore documents had to be examined during the process.

The couple behind initiation of the entire process of updating the vital document: NRC - Assam

  • The couple is Pradip Kumar Bhuyan and his wife Banti Bhuyan. Pradip Kumar Bhuyan, an alumnus (1956 batch) of the IIT Kharagpur, is around 83 now. It was Pradip Kumar Bhuyan, who prepared the draft of the writ petition (civil) number 274/2009 and made Abhijit Sarma of the voluntary organisation Assam Public Works (APW) the petitioner, in the Supreme Court of India.
  • The Bhuyans extended support to Abhijit in this case, in which All Assam Students’ Union also joined in 2012, with an intervention petition.
  • “It should be remembered that this size of exclusion has occurred from among those who applied for inclusion of their names in the NRC. There are many others, who did not apply deliberately, knowing well that they are illegally staying in Assam. We are yet to ascertain their size, feared to be a significant one. However, this could be determined through meticulous scrutiny at the booth level,” he said.
  • For an immediate idea of the size of those who did not apply, he maintained that the 2011 census figures may be projected to 2018 and this will provide an indicative idea of the magnitude of the illegal migrants among the non-applicants, said the octogenarian patriot.
  • Abhijit Sarma of the APW, who filed the WP(C) number 274/2009, said the aliens issue, which remained knotty for quite a long time, has been resolved to a great extent after around 33 years, following the intervention of the Supreme Court. He ascribed the primary credit for this success to the Bhuyan couple.
  • “We moved the apex court with the initial plea to free Assam from the burden of foreigners. We expressed the apprehension before the apex court that around 41 lakh foreigners could get their names enrolled in the 2006 electoral rolls of Assam.
  • “Later on, in 2012, we filed an additional affidavit challenging the NRC updating modalities and we have got its result today. Now, the State’s indigenous peoples are to assume more responsibilities,” he said.

Focus Person:  Natasurya Phani Sarma

  • Late Phani Sarma, better known as ‘Natasurya’ for his had an unmatched contribution not only towards the world of drama, but also to the entire cultural arena of the State. 
  • It is important to note here that the three cultural icons of the State Kalaguru Bishnu Prasad Rabha, Natasurya Phani Sarma and Rupkowar Jyotiprasad Agarwala carved a niche in the cultural world reflecting the glory of historic Tezpur city. 
  • Phani Sarma was given the title of ‘Natasurya’ for taking the initiative to uplift drama with his relentless efforts. 

Focus Family : Raja Pratap Chandra Barua, the founder zamindar of the Gauripur Royal Estate.

  • He shifted his capital from Rangamati to Gauripur in 1850. He tried his level best to turn Gauripur into a model capital. He established a Sanskrit tol, an ME school and a hospital for the benefit of his subjects, but unfortunately he died in 1880.
  • His wife Rani Bhawani Priya somehow managed the affairs of the Royal Estate with the help of her employees brought from the area now under West Bengal. She was issueless and therefore her husband Raja Pratap Chandra Barua adopted Prabhat Chandra Barua as his son.
  • Raja Prabhat Chandra Barua was a very popular zamindar. He was loved and respected by his tenants. After taking over the charge of affairs of the Royal Estate, he decided to complete the works of his father Pratap Chandra Barua. He planned to build the capital Gauripur like Coochbehar, the capital of Koch king Naranarayan.
  • He built the Mahamaya Temple, Madan Mohan Temple, Royal Palace, Hawa Mahal at Matiabag, upgraded the ME school into a high school in his father's name Tarinipriya Chatuspathi, guest house, constructed Mahamaya tank covering 10 bighas of land and a hospital in the name of his adopted mother Rani Bhawanipriya. His contribution was highly praised by all sections of people of the Royal Estate. 
  • His second son, Prakritish Chandra Barua somehow managed the affairs of the Royal Estate. But after the abolition of the Zamindary system in 1957, the powers of the zamindars got drastically reduced. After his death, the Royal family got divided and as a result the past glories have been lost. Gradually, the heritage buildings including Mahamaya Temple, Hawa Mahal, Royal Palace etc., got dilapidated.
  • Raja Prabhat Chandra Barua built the dispensary by donating nearly three bighas of land in the heart of Gauripur town and named as Rani Bhawani Priya State Dispensary in the sacred memory of his adopted mother Rani Bhawani Priya, wife of Raja Pratap Chandra Barua. Doctors like Dr Upen Kha, Dr PK Das, Dr Arun Phukan, son of famous journalist Lakshminath Phukan served in this dispensary.


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