Monday, 30 July 2018

28,29,30th July 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC






The Assam Employees’ Parental Responsibility Norms for Accountability Monitoring (PRANAM) Act, obligating the State government employees to look after their aged and dependant parents, will come into force from October 2

  • A PRANAM Commission will be constituted which will be headed by a retired government official of the rank of Additional Chief Secretary or above. Two social workers will also be part of the commission. Two Additional Commissioners will also be appointed.
  • The Act was passed by the State Assembly and subsequently the rules were also approved by the State Cabinet.
  • As per the Act, the designated authority will be mandated to deduct up to 10 per cent of the ward’s gross salary for the needy parents. In special cases, the deduction may go up to 15 per cent.
  • In case of any dispute arising out of the decision of the DDO, the respective directorate of the department would be the appellate authority. Further, the parties can move the Chief Commissioner, who will be a quasi judicial authority, a timeline has been fixed for each of the authority to dispose off the case in question.


    Cricketer-turned-politician Imran Khan’s party today emerged as the single largest in Pakistan’s parliamentary polls bagging 114 of the 270 seats on which elections were held, but fell short of a majority and will need the support of smaller parties or independents to form the government.

    • Khan’s Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) was followed by jailed former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif’s Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) with 62 seats and former President Asif Ali Zardari’s Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) with 43 seats. Independent candidates won 12 seats, according to the election commission which issued results for 261 seats of the National Assembly today.
    • Pakistan’s National Assembly comprises a total of 342 members, of which 272 are directly elected. A party can only form the government if it manages to clinch 172 seats in total.


      Noted Sattriya danseuse Dr Anwesha Mahanta was conferred the Bharat Kala Ratna Award, 2018 by the Navanittam Cultural Trust, India, a Thrissur (Kerala)-based cultural institution, for her contribution to the world of Indian dance, Sattriya in particular.

      • Anwesha, who is widely acclaimed as a leading performer and scholar of Sattriya dance, and is also a recipient of the Ustad Bismillah Khan Yuva Puraskar of the Sangeet Natak Akademi, has brought glory to the Sattriya tradition through her scintillating performances, lecture demonstrations, presentations of her research works at seminars and publications across India and abroad.
      • Anwesha, a Ph D from the University of Delhi and a recipient of the prestigious Charles Wallace Fellowship (2015) of the Charles Wallace Foundation and the British Council, did her post-doctoral research at the Queen’s University, Belfast, United Kingdom.


      There are 14 ‘aspirational districts’ in the eight north-eastern states. Out of those, seven are in Assam and the remaining seven districts are one each in the other seven states.


      • The 14 aspirational districts are Dhubri, Goalpara, Barpeta, Darrang, Baksa, Udalguri and Hailakandi in Assam; 
      • Namsai in Arunachal Pradesh; 
      • Chandel in Manipur; 
      • Ribhoi in Meghalaya; 
      • Mamit in Mizoram; 
      • Kiphire in Nagaland; 
      • West Sikkim in Sikkim
      • Dhalai in Tripura.



      A parliamentary panel attached to Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) said in its latest report that it is disconcerted to note that Assam has the highest rate of violent crimes, including kidnappings and abductions, among all the States of India.


      • In its report ‘Security Situation in the North Eastern States of India’ said it accepts that the insurgency-related instances of kidnappings and extortions may be on a decline, but the general rise in the instances of such crimes is worrying. The report was tabled in the Parliament.
      • The committee is perplexed that despite a waning trend in insurgency, violent crimes have been on the rise. The committee apprehends that this rise may be due to poor rehabilitation and settlement of former insurgents, who may be indulging in such crimes for ransom.
      • Assam also had the highest rate of violent crimes among all the States in 2016. An overwhelming 87 percent of the victims of kidnappings and abductions were women. Moreover, out of 6,128 abductions, only 249 victims were recovered. Assam also reported a huge number of 13,413 unrecovered victims of kidnappings and abductions that happened before 2016.
      • While the number of kidnappings related activities of the insurgents show a marked decline from 94 in 2014 to 14 in 2016, the number of kidnapping and abductions, in general, as reported by the National Crime Record Bureau in the Crime in India-2016 report, shows a significant rise during this period from 4,824 in 2014 to 6,128 in 2016. The data given in this report also shows that with a rate of 18.8 kidnappings and abductions per thousand persons in 2016, Assam had the highest rate of kidnappings and abductions among all the States across the country.
      • There was a substantial improvement in security situation in the State in 2017; the insurgent related incidents declined from 246 in 2014 to just 81 in 2015, and further came down to 75 in 2016 and to 33 in 2017 being lowest since 1997. The casualties of civilians and security forces personnel were also lowest at 9 in 2017. This was approximately 99 percent less than the 1,136 deaths of civilians and security forces that occurred in 1997. Moreover, 16 insurgents were killed, while 204 were arrested during 2017.



      Assamese film Xhoihobote Dhemalite (Rainbow Fields) bagged three top awards at the 3rd Love International Film Festival

      • Besides the best film, it also won the awards for best actress (Dipannita Sharma) and best music (Anurag Saikia) at the festival, where more than 150 films from 36 countries were screened. 
      • The film, directed by Bidyut Kotoky, deals with the sensitive issue of children of Assam growing up in violent times and witnessing brutality around them. Based on true events, the film also features seasoned actors like Victor Banerjee, Nakul Vaid, Naved Aslam, Nipon Goswami and Nikumoni Barua.

      The Northeast India Tour Operator Association (NEITO), an association of tour operators of North East India approved by the Ministry of Tourism (MoT)

      • The main objectives of the body are promotion of North East India as a tourism destination on the tourism map of the world and bringing all MoT-approved tour operators of North East India under one umbrella so that the standards of tourism service quality can be monitored and maintained in the region. 
      • The NEITO also seeks to work in close coordination with the public and private stakeholders for the overall and sustainable development of the tourism industry in the region.

      Union Minister of State for AYUSH Shripad Yesso Naik laid the foundation stone of the 2nd phase of construction of North East Institute of Ayurveda and Homeopathy (NEIAH) at its Campus

      • NEIAH can be the hub for researches in Ayurveda and folk medicine for entire South East Asia. He also said that the presence of premier institutes like NEHU, NIT and IIM in close vicinity can help in researches for better health care in the region.
      • AYUSH Ministry is to further develop and provide necessary support to built the institute to a ‘centre of excellence’ to fulfil the need of National and International communities.


      A total of 52 Bangladeshi citizens, including five women with three minor children who were lodged in different jails in Assam, were pushed back into Bangladesh today through the Mankachar Shahapara Indo-Bangladesh border gate near Shahapara BoP of South Salmara Mankachar district

      • On the eve of publication of the final draft NRC, the deportion of 52 Bangladeshi citizens by opening the border gate to their native land has been considered as a significant event.
      • Following official protocol, all the Bangladeshis who were lodged in different jails of Assam were brought to Mankachar’s Shahapara BoP in the presence of high officials of both the countries. They were subsequently pushed back to their homeland at 11 am.

      The Assam State Zoo cum Botanical Garden, with the support of Tansukhrai Ratanlal Jewellers, organised International Tiger Day to raise the awareness about the animal’s plight, with less than 4,000 left in the world’s forests

      • International Tiger Day is sometimes referred to as the Global Tiger Day and is an annual event organised to raise awareness about the importance of tiger conservation. It is held every year on the 29th of July. 

      Former national champion Sourabh Verma pulled off a come-from-behind win over Japan’s Koki Watanabe in the summit clash to claim his first title of the season at the USD 75,000 Russia Open Tour Super 100 tournament

      • The 25-year-old Indian, who is on a comeback trail after recovering from injuries, overcame World No. 119 Watanabe 19-21, 21-12, 21-17 in the final that lasted exactly an hour at the Sport Hall Olympic.
      • Second seeded Indian mixed doubles pair of Rohan Kapoor and Kuhoo Garg, however, suffered a 19-21, 17-21 loss to Russia’s Vladimir Ivanov and Min Kyung Kim of Korea in the final to settle for a runners-up finish.


      NFR had last month introduced Train Captains in premium trains. The 12423 Dibrugarh-New Delhi Rajdhani Express was the first train where the concept was introduced.

      • The Train Captain is the overall in-charge of the train and he or she is responsible for ensuring all amenities provided by railways to the passengers and coordinating with all onboard teams during the complete journey of the train.
      • All on board railway personnel and supervisors of all outsourced agencies report to the Train Captain for effective control and supervision.
      • The Train Captain is tasked to ensure that the coaches are properly manned and that staff are in proper uniform and perform their duties properly. Long distance Mail and Express trains have a large group or team of railway personnel and outsourced staff on board for offering various services to the passengers and to provide maintenance on run. The concept of Train Captain was introduced in order to have a single person or leader responsible for coordinating the entire team and facilitating all services during the complete journey of the train
      • The Train Captain is tasked to allot vacant berths to RAC passengers, ensure correct realisation of dues by TTEs and conductors, report to higher authorities about staff who fail to perform their duties, coordinate the work of all team members, carry out quick inspections to ensure that the passenger amenities are in proper working order, take steps for rectification of any shortcomings in passenger amenities, ensure cleanliness of coaches, bathrooms, ensure proper pre-cooling of AC coaches before start of journey, etc.
      • The official has to maintain a complaint book and make it available to any passengers for recording complaints and ensure their redressal, carry out quality check of food and cleanliness of utensils, ensure timely serving of meals, check prices in menus, take action against anybody violating rules regarding prohibition on use of tobacco products on trains, prevent unauthorised hawking and begging on trains, guide passengers to GRP escort party or else make a blank FIR available to passengers in case of theft of luggage or other items and look at safety aspects like availability of fire fighting equipment aboard trains, among other things.


      Editorial Focus : 
      3. 30th July 

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