Friday, 27 July 2018

27th July 2018 | Assam daily current affairs for APSC





Two Indians – one a psychiatrist who works for the mentally-ill street persons and another whose initiative to harness science and culture creatively for economic progress improved the lives of the Ladakhi youth – were today declared the winners of this year’s Ramon Magsaysay Award.

  • Bharat Vatwani and Sonam Wangchuk are among six individuals who were declared winners of the award, regarded as the Asian version of the Nobel Prize.
  • Youk Chhang from Cambodia, Maria de Lourdes Martins Cruz from East Timor, Howard Dee from the Philippines and Vo Thi Hoang Yen rom Vietnam are other winners of the award. 
  • Vatwani was recognised for “his tremendous courage and healing compassion in embracing India’s mentally-afflicted destitute, and his steadfast and magnanimous dedication to the work of restoring and affirming the human dignity of even the most ostracized,” the Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation said in its citation for the winner.
  • Vatwani, who is based in Mumbai, and his wife started an informal operation of bringing mentally-ill street persons to their private clinic for treatment, leading them to establish Shraddha Rehabilitation Foundation in 1988, aimed at rescuing mentally-ill persons living on the streets; providing free shelter, food, and psychiatric treatment; and reuniting them with their families.
  • Wangchuk, 51, was recognised for “his uniquely systematic, collaborative and community-driven reform of learning systems in remote northern India, thus improving the life opportunities of Ladakhi youth, and his constructive engagement of all sectors in local society to harness science and culture creatively for economic progress, thus setting an example for minority peoples in the world,” the citation said.
  • Wangchuk was a 19-year-old engineering student at the National Institute of Technology in Srinagar, when he went into tutoring to finance his schooling and help woefully unprepared students pass the national college matriculation exams.
  • In 1988, after earning his engineering degree, Wangchuk founded Students’ Education and Cultural Movement of Ladakh (SECMOL) and started coaching Ladakhi student, 95 per cent of whom used to fail the government exams. In 1994, with Wangchuk in the lead, ‘Operation New Hope’ (ONH) was launched to expand and consolidate the partnership-driven educational reform programme.

Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) chief Imran Khan today claimed victory in the general elections after his party emerged as the single largest party in the National Assembly 

  • Pakistan’s National Assembly comprises a total of 342 members, of which 272 are directly elected whereas the rest – 60 seats reserved for women and 10 for religious minorities – are selected later through proportional representation among parties with more than five per cent of the vote.
  • A party can only form the government if it manages to clinch 172 seats in total. A single party will need at least 137 of the directly elected seats to be able to form the government on its own.

Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen), Assam, today launched a massive campaign titled ‘Swachh Survekshan Grameen’ (SSG 2018) across the State, to be held between August 1 to 31.

  • The campaign is being taken up across all the 33 districts covering 219 blocks. These districts would conduct large-scale information, education and communication (IEC) and inter-personal communication (IPC) activities, which would sensitise the people about sanitation and SSG 2018.
  • So far, around 28 lakh toilets have been constructed and 12 districts declared as open defecation free (ODF) in the State. The Central government has provided Rs 138 crore for repairing of dysfunctional toilets.
  • The Survekshan will rank states and districts based on key quantitative and qualitative SBM-G parameters like availability and usage of toilet, sanitary awareness in villages, direct observation by third party and citizens’ feedback.
  • The campaign would also engage the rural community in improvement of their sanitation status through an intensive and holistic IEC campaign.

A Khasi woman who marries a non-Khasi man will now be deemed a non-Khasi. Her offspring, too, will be considered non-Khasi. However, no such law will apply to a Khasi man marrying a non-Khasi woman.

  • A new law in this regard was introduced by the Khasi Hills Autonomous District Council (KHADC) here on Wednesday by amending the Khasi Hills Autonomous District (Khasi Social Custom of Lineage) Act.
  • The amendment states: “Any Khasi woman who marries a non-Khasi as well as her offspring(s) born out of such marriage(s) shall be deemed as non-Khasi (sic) who shall lose the Khasi status and all the privileges and benefits as a member of the Khasi tribe who cannot claim preferential privileges under any law.”
  • The Bill defines a non-Khasi as “a person not belonging to indigenous Khasi tribe classified as Scheduled Tribe under the Constitution (ST) Order, 1950 (Part III-Rules and Orders under the Constitution) Part XI-Meghalaya.”

The State Government today approved of the terms of reference of the modality committee to be constituted by the Centre to look into socio-economic and linguistic aspects for overall development of the indigenous tribes of Tripura, one of the promises made in the BJP’s election manifesto.

  • The terms of reference are focused on seven points – economy, language, culture, land rights, education and health care – for the even development of the 19 indigenous tribes.
  • Significantly, the demand for Tipraland as insisted on by the Indigenous People’s Front of Tripura (IPFT), an ally of the present Government, did not find place in the terms of reference.

With all eight of the State’s districts having 100 per cent sanitation coverage, Mizoram today declared itself an open defecation-free State.

  • According to HC Lalnunzira, State Mission Director for Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin), the baseline survey 2012 showed that there were 30,067 families with unsanitary latrines/pit latrines. All these households have been provided with sanitary latrines, he said.
  • “Another 30,619 families which had unsanitary latrines and were not covered by the 2012 baseline survey have been provided with sanitary latrines during 2017-2018 under Swachh Bharat. Now, as per the 2012 baseline survey, we can self-declare ourself as an open defecation-free State,” the Mission Director said today.
  • Of the eight districts in Mizoram, spot verification has been done in seven districts. “Block and district verification is being conducted in Lunglei district, and we hope to get the State verification started in August,” he said, adding that an independent verification agency would conduct the Statewide verification.
  • A total of 33,000 toilets were constructed across the State between 2014 and 2018. As per the National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey conducted between November 2017 and March 2018, Mizoram was among one of the best performing States in India. Not only all the districts of the State had 100 per cent toilet coverage, but all the households in rural areas used them regularly, compared to the national average of 68 per cent people with access to toilets actually using it in their households.

The Pema Khandu-led Arunachal Pradesh Government has said it will soon replace the health insurance scheme conceived by the previous regime with a new one

  • The new Chief Minister’s Arogya Arunachal Yojana (CMAAY) will enable citizens to avail of cashless health services in empanelled hospitals. 
  • Once launched, the scheme will offer health care services of up to Rs 5 lakh per family per year.
  • The vision is to accord quality and cashless healthcare services to the people of the State envisaging universal health care to all by 2020

The Royal Global University (RGU) has installed 330KW of solar panel to manage energy costs while promoting energy education.

  • Done under the initiative Solar Campus, it aims at reducing RGU’s carbon footprint, using smart lighting techniques and energy-efficient lighting throughout the campus, such as ‘daylight harvesting’.
  • RGU has adopted the “3-R” (Reduce, Recycle and Reuse) philosophy for all types of wastes towards prevention of pollution and disposal of wastes in line with regulatory requirements or beyond-industry best practices as well as LED lighting in place of conventional lighting across all areas.



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