Friday, 29 June 2018

29th June 2018 | Daily Current Affairs for APSC

  • The Assam Agriculture Department and the Assam Agricultural University (AAU) signed an 11-point declaration encompassing varied aspects concerning farmers and farming for propelling the agri sector into the fast-track growth path. The declaration signed at Jorhat envisages a joint mechanism involving agri officials and scientists of the department and the university and resolves, among other things, to double farmers’ incomes by the year 2022. The other objectives of the declaration include ensuring adequate remuneration for farmers, facilitating organic farming on a larger scale, taking technological interventions and research to the grassroots farmers, facilitating quality seeds and multiple cropping, and promoting cooperative farming and connecting farming and contact farming.
  • Money parked by Indians in Swiss banks rose over 50 per cent to CHF 1.01 billion (Rs 7,000 crore) in 2017, reversing a three-year downward trend amid India’s clampdown on suspected black money stashed there.In comparison, the total funds held by all foreign clients of Swiss banks rose about 3 per cent to CHF 1.46 trillion or about Rs 100 lakh crore in 2017, according to the official annual data released today by Swiss National Bank (SNB), the central banking authority of the Alpine nation.
  • NITI Aayog, the policy making body of the Government of India, has appointed Sreemanta Sankar Mission of Guwahati as a nodal agency under its flagship Women Entrepreneurship Platform (WEP) to work for the benefits of woman entrepreneurs of the North East, including Sikkim. Asomee Dutta Baruah has also been appointed as the Head (NE Region) of the WEP, NITI Aayog.
  • Gauhati University (GU) will represent India at the annual summer institute programme of the Study of the United States Institute (SUSI) on International Journalism hosted by Ohio University for the ninth consecutive term from June 28 to August 10. The US Department of State, Government of USA, nominated Dr Ankuran Dutta, Associate Professor and Head of the Communication and Journalism Department of Gauhati University.

1.26 per cent of India’s population speak Assamese

  • A total of 1,53,11,351 people returned Assamese language as their mother tongue in the 2011 census and the language is ranked 12 among the 22 scheduled languages spoken in India.
  • According to 1971 census, Assamese was spoken by 1.63 per cent of the total population of India; in 1981 there was no census in Assam; as per 1991 census, Assamese was spoken by 1.56 per cent; in 2001 it was 1.28 per cent and the latest 2011 census recorded that it is spoken by only 1.26 per cent, thus recording a declining trend since 1971.
  • A total of 1,48,16,414 people returned Assamese as their mother tongue, besides 4,94,937 others, taking the total Assamese-speaking population to 1,53,11,351. The Assamese language also marked a marginal decadal growth of 0.68 per cent in 1991-2001.
  • There are a total of 121 languages and 270 mother tongues in India, while 22 languages are specified in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution.
  • The Bodo language is spoken by 0.12 per cent of the population and is ranked at 21. The Bodo language is spoken by 14,54,547 people, followed by Kachari (15,984), Mech (11,546) and 852 others, taking the total of those who returned Bodo as their mother tongue to 14,82,929.
  • Hindi was the fastest growing language in India at 25.19 per cent, adding close to a 100 million speakers between 2001-2011.
  • Bengali is the second largest language spoken in India and is number two in the overall ranking. The Bengali-speaking population was calculated at 9,61,77,835, besides 2.28 lakh Chakmas, 71,798 Hajongs, 4.75 lakh Rajbongshis and 2.83 lakh others, who returned Bengali as their mother tongue, taking the total Bengali-speaking population to 9,72,37,669.
  • Meanwhile, Bengali (8.03 per cent), Gujarati (4.58 per cent), Manipuri (0.15 per cent) are among growing languages, according to new census data.
  • India’s slowest growing languages over 2001-2011 are Nepali (1.98 per cent), Malayalam (5.36 per cent), Sindhi (9.34 per cent) and Telugu (9.63 per cent).
  • 96.71 per cent of the country’s population returned one of the 22 scheduled languages as their mother tongue in the 2011 census, 3.29 per cent returned other languages as their mother tongue.
  • According to Census of India, mother tongue is defined as the language spoken in childhood by the person’s mother to the person or, where the mother has died in the person’s infancy, the language mainly spoken in the person’s household during childhood.


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