Wednesday, 30 May 2018

30th May 2018 | Daily current affairs for APSC



1. The Assam State Biodiversity Board at a function organised at NEDFi House Auditorium yesterday ceremonially launched the 'Assam Biodiversity Portal' and the logo and website of the 'Nature Learning Centre (NLC-Assam)'.The chief guest of the function, Forest Minister Parimal Suklabaidya, launched the portal in the presence of senior officers of his department.

2. Kummanam Rajasekharan, former Kerala unit BJP chief, was today sworn in as the 18th Governor of Mizoram. He replaced Lt Gen (retired) Nirbhay Sharma who completed his term on Monday after taking charge in May 2015.Justice Ajit Singh, Chief Justice of Gauhati High Court, administered the oath of office to Rajasekharan in a swearing-in ceremony at Durbar Hall of Raj Bhavan.

3. Putting their weight behind the burgeoning protest against the proposed Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016, members of All Assam Students’ Union (AASU) in several districts of the State along with numerous other local organisations representing ethnic bodies, etc., have pledged to fight the Centre’s move to grant citizenship to Hindu Bangladeshis tooth and nail.

Friday, 11 May 2018

11th May 2018 | Daily current affairs for APSC





NATIONAL   NEWS

1. Army's 'Vijay Prahar' exercise in Rajasthan culminates.

 The Indian Army's 'Vijay Prahar' exercise in which over 25,000 troops of the Jaipur based South Western command participated culminated in Rajasthan's Suratgarh.

 Fighting equipments including tanks, attack helicopters, drones and fighter aircraft were used in the month-long exercise.

2. Signing of MoU between Artificial Limbs Manufacturing Corporation of India(ALIMCO) & Aravali Power Company Pvt Ltd (APCPL), at Jhajjar, Haryana.

 Rs. 2 Crores for Distribution of Aids and Assistive Devices to Persons with Disabilities at Charkhi Dadri District of Haryana under the CSR initiative of APCPL in the presence of Shri D.R. Sarin, CMD, ALIMCO and ShriN.N.Mishra, CEO, APCPL.

3. 15th Finance Commission constituted advisory council to advise and assist the commission. 

 The six-member council will be headed by the President of Forum for Strategic Initiatives, Arvind Virmani.

 The role and functions of the council will be to advise the commission on any issue or subject related to the Terms of Reference (ToR) of the Commission.

4. Narendra Modi ranked 9th among 75 most powerful globally in Forbes list.

 List that is topped by Chinese President Xi Jinping.

 Modi, who is ranked 9th and Ambani at 32, are the only two Indians on the Forbes World's Most Powerful People list.

5. Walmart acquires 77% stake in Flipkart Group for $16 billion.

 Flipkart co-founder Binny Bansal and other shareholders will hold the remainder.

6. Ravi Shankar Prasad launches website of Digital India Internship Scheme in New Delhi.

 Under the scheme, 25 interns will be inducted for a period of three months. 

 The internship is an opportunity for a student to secure first hand and practical work experience under the guidance of qualified and experienced Supervisor and Mentor. 

7. Indian tea records highest ever production.

 Indian tea industry has recorded the highest ever production as well as exports in financial year 2017-18. 

8. VP Shri Venkaiah Naidu visits World Heritage city of Old Guatemala.

 The Vice President of India, Shri M.Venkaiah Naidu visited the historic Antigua (old) Guatemala city  for understanding how it’s rich heritage is being maintained since it was declared as a World Heritage City by the UNESCO in 1979.

9. President Ram Nath Kovind approves Minimum Wages (Delhi) Amendment Act, 2017.

• As per the amendment, the employers violating labour rules in Delhi will now face fine ranging from Rs 20000 to 50000 and jail term of one to three years. 

10. UN Chief Antonio Guterres announces to hold climate summit in September 2019 in New York to review the commitments of the 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change. 

11. NASA, Uber team up to make flying cars a reality.

 NASA will use the latest airspace management computer modeling and simulation to assess the impacts of small aircraft from delivery drones to passenger aircraft in crowded environments.

INTERNATIONAL  NEWS

1. US President announces withdrawal from 2015 landmark nuclear deal with Iran and reimposed its economic sanctions against the country.

2. Australian court rules lawmakers with dual citizenship ineligible.

• An Australian high court ruled on May 9, 2018 that lawmakers with dual citizenship will be ineligible to hold a parliamentary seat. 

3. China launches new satellite to monitor air pollution.

 China has successfully launched a hyperspectral imaging satellite for comprehensive observation of the atmosphere, including air pollution which is one of the country’s major problems.

4. Beijing to hold World Robot Conference.

 According to the organiser, the conference will greatly stimulate passion and innovation in the robot industry as well as help with research and development.

BANKING, ECONOMY & FINANCE

1. IMF expects India to grow at 7.4% in FY 2018/19.

 The Indian economy is expected to grow at 7.4 per cent in the current fiscal and accelerate further to 7.8 per cent in 2019 as it recovers from the impact of demonetisation and Goods and Services Tax (GST) rollout, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) said.

AWARDS   APPOINTMENTS 

1. “CARLOS  ALVARADO”  sworn in as Costa Rican president.

 Journalist Carlos Alvarado has been sworn in as 48th President of Costa Rica. At 39, Alvarado is the country’s youngest president in modern history.

2. “PAWAN  KUMAR  AGARWAL” gets extension as CEO FSSAI.

 Pawan Kumar Agarwal was has given three months extension as Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI).

Thursday, 10 May 2018

10th May 2018 | Daily current affairs for APSC


1.Governor Prof Jagdish Mukhi inaugurated the three-day North East Farm and Food Tech- 2018 organized by the Confederation of Indian Industry at the Maniram Dewan Trade Centre. 

2. Two-day long Bardwi Shikla festival organised by the BTC administration concluded 
here recently Kokrajhar

3. Walmart Inc, today announced it was buying 77 per cent equity stake in the country's largest e-tailer Flipkar for $16 billion.

4. Subhash C. Khuntia has taken charge as Chairman of the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI).

5. Third edition of the United Nations Peacekeeping Course for African Partners (UNPCAP) has been started in New Delhi.

6. Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) has notified the protocol amending the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA) between India and Kuwait.

7. 15th Asia Media Summit (AMS) will be held in New Delhi.

8. India and Guatemala have signed an agreement to boost cooperation in education sector.

9. According to United Nation's report, India's GDP growth rate is expected to 7.2 % in the Financial Year 2018-19.

10. India has been ranked fourth in the Lowy Institute's Asia Power Index.

11. The Government of India signed a loan deal worth $ 200 million with the World Bank for the National Nutrition Mission.

Wednesday, 9 May 2018

9th May 2018 | Daily current affairs for APSC



1. Ministry of Women and  Child Development approved 100 additional One Stop Centres in the states of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Mizoram, Nagaland, Maharashtra,  Odisha, Tamil Nadu and  Uttar Pradesh. The OSCs aim to facilitate integrated services for violence-affected women like police assistance, medical aid, psycho-social counselling, legal aid/counselling and tem-
porary stay for five days under one roof.

2.The Guwahati Tea Auction Centre today set a record of getting highest auction price for Assam's white tea.

One of the most delicate tea varieties, white tea is harvested before the tea plant's leaves open fully, when the young buds are still covered with fine white .

3.Madhya Pradesh government today launched the country’s first Integrated Control and Command Centre (ICCC) for all seven smart cities of the State in Bhopal. The ICCC, installed in a building in Barkheda area of the State capital, would enable authorities to monitor the status of various smart civic amenities in real-time through the sensors connected to it. Bhopal, Indore, Ujjain, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Satna, and Sagar are the 7 smart cities under SCM in Madhya Pradesh.

Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan and Union Minister for Housing and Urban Affairs Hardeep Singh Puri inaugurated the integrated command centre of the Bhopal Smart City Development Corporation Limited (BSCDCL). They also inaugurated the first ‘Apex Conference for the CEOs’ of smart cities. The seminar is being attended by 77 CEOs.

“Madhya Pradesh has now come out from the category of BIMARU States. The growth of the State remained in two digits. The State has recorded the highest growth in agriculture in the country.

   

Tuesday, 8 May 2018

8th May 2018 | Daily current affairs for APSC



1.A small insect named ' mili bird' followed by a fungus called 'Sooty mould' has turned into an endemic form in Nalbari district affecting the horticulture crops . The joint attack of mili bird' and sooty mould have created a black layer on leaves, flowers and fruits of the infected plants. The plants after the attack gets weak and dry up .

2.Vladimir Putin was sworn in as the President of Russia for the fourth term extending his almost two decade rule by another 6 years

3.Tech giant Google today said it has collaborated with NITI Aayog to focus on fostering growth for India’s nascent artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) ecosystem. The two parties will work together on various initiatives, including organising training for relevant government functionaries to introduce them to open-source AI tools to enable more effective governance, Google
said in a statement. Besides, they will award grants and scholarships to researchers, scholars
and university faculty conducting cutting edge research in the field of AI/ML in India

4.A five-judge constitution bench was today constituted in the Supreme Court to hear to the petition moved by two Congress MPs challenging the rejection of the impeachment notice against
Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra by Rajya Sabha Chairman M Venkaiah Naidu.



7th May 2018 | Daily current affairs for APSC



JPC hearing :

The Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) after a lot of dilly-dallying has started its public hearing on the Citizen- ship (Amendment) Bill, 2016 in Assam. Originally the exercise was scheduled for November, 2016 but the manner in which it was kept in abeyance under one pretext or the other raised legitimate apprehensions among various quarters in the State.

1. JPC chairman  had reportedly advocated granting of Indian citizenship to Hindu migrants from Bangladesh, and such a stance is not in consonance with the position of an impartial judge taking a hearing to have a realistic assessment of the fears of a large section of the State’s people over the Bill.

2.The parliamentary panel had initially –and for reasons best known to it – refrained from inviting to the hearing several credible organizations. This smacked of biasness and a pre-designed ploy not to give adequate representation to those opposing  the Centre’s move to grant citizenship to Hindu and other  non-Muslim migrants from Bangladesh. The fear of marginalization harboured by the State’s indigenous populace – or the Assamese-speaking communities as a whole – has justification.

3. After independence, Indian States were reorganized on the basis of language, and
as of now the Assamese-speaking communities constitute majority in Assam by a small margin. Once the Citizenship Amendment Act is passed, it’s likely that the Bengali speakers will outnumber the Assamese speakers, with a large number of Bengali-speaking Hindu migrants gaining Indian
citizenship. Such an eventuality will have the effect of marginalizing the indigenous populace in their homeland besides creating a situation of perpetual strife, tension and animosity between the two communities. At the root of this disturbing development lies the undue haste shown by the BJP Government to accord citizenship to Hindu migrants to boost its vote bank. In any case, Assam has already accommodated a large populace of Bangladeshi migrants – both Hindus and Muslims – based on the Assam Accord-mandated cut-off date of March 25, 1971.

4.A large segment of illegal migrants has already become India citizens because of easy access to citizenship documents. Demographic changes across a number of districts in Assam are not a
myth and any more induction of Bangladeshi migrants is bound to trigger irreversible fallouts, jeopardizing the future of the indigenous people.

5.The Centre’s move runs counter not just to the Assam Accord but to the secular tenets of the Constitution of India. It’s also clear that more than sympathy for ‘persecuted’ Hindu migrants, the BJP is actually for creating a large vote bank in Assam. With a friendly Government in Bangladesh for a decade – a period that has also witnessed substantial reduction in minority persecution – the ideal course of action for the Centre would have been to put pressure on its neighbour to ensure a safe environment for non-Muslims.

Monday, 7 May 2018

6th May 2018 | Daily current affairs for APSC



1. The first 'ladies special' train in the World started between Churchgate and Borivali on the western Railway completes 26 years . It is a suburban railway service only for the female passengers in Mumbai 

2. The State Zoo has organised an animal exchange programme with Dimapur Zoo ( Nagaland). The State Zoo is sending a male capped langur and getting a female capped langur from Dimapur Zoo . The Assam State Zoo has only male capped langurs and no female capped langurs.

3.Assam bagged the first prize in category 1( Northeastern States and hilly Region)for successfully running the Deen Dayal Upadhaya Grameen  Kaushalaya Yojana ( DDU GKY).

4. The  Armed Forces and special Powers Act ( AFSPA ) has been completely removed from Meghalaya and partly Arunachal Pradesh but it is in force in Nagaland , Assam and three districts in Arunachal Pradesh


Saturday, 5 May 2018

5th May 2018 | Daily current affairs for APSC



GST Council approves single form for filing of returns- TCA Sharad Raghavan #GS3 #Economy
The Goods and Services Tax Council on Friday decided to convert the GST Network into a 100% government enterprise, and implement a single form for GST filing from the current three.

At its 27th meeting, the Council also decided to create a Group of Ministers to review the plan for imposition of a cess on sugar. The cess was meant to subsidise sugarcane farmers as their production cost is much higher than the selling price.

The Council has also decided to create another GoM to consider implementation of a 2% incentive for digital transactions.

Finance Secretary Hasmukh Adhia said the Council approved a single, monthly return form that would become applicable in six months. The current system of filing the GSTR-1 and GSTR-3B forms would continue till then. “After six months, there will be a single monthly return for everybody, except composition dealers and those who file returns with zero transactions.

During these six months, the GST Network will continuously feed the dealer data about what is the gap between what he is claiming as provisional credit and what is the actual amount he should be getting based on sellers’ invoices

Thunderstorm warning for four States

A Home Ministry spokesperson said 124 people were killed and over 300 injured in thunderstorm and lightning that struck five States in the past two days. The maximum number of 73 deaths were reported from Uttar Pradesh, where 91 were also injured.

The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has said a fresh western disturbance — a system of extra-tropical storms — is expected to bring rain to several parts of north India in the next 24 hours. Dust storms are also expected in Rajasthan and several parts of the northeastern India in the next 48 hours.

The Home Ministry spokesperson said a fresh warning was issued of thunderstorm, accompanied by squall, in West Bengal, Odisha, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. Thunderstorm was likely at isolated places in Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram and Tripura.

Isolated places in Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Chandigarh, Delhi, Punjab, Bihar, Jharkhand, Sikkim, Odisha, north-western Madhya Pradesh, Telangana, Rayalaseema, north-coastal Andhra Pradesh, interior Tamil Nadu and Kerala are likely to experience thunderstorm, along with gusty winds.

India, China should work together: 

Disputes between India and China can be resolved in future, but in the meanwhile both sides can work together on new fronts of cooperation like in Afghanistan. Speaking in an interaction with political leaders, experts and think tank heads, the envoy said that both sides should adopt an incremental approach to solving disputes and there should be reasonable expectation from the summit in Wuhan, Afghanistan as our two countries can cooperate on economic projects just like in the Southeast Asia, the BCIM (Bangladesh, China, India and Myanmar Economic Corridor) can open new opportunities.

Ministry fast-tracks security clearance 

Among foreign countries, the maximum investment proposals in critical sectors like telecom and defence that was cleared by the Home Ministry in 2017, were from China, United Kingdom, U.S. and Mauritius. The Ministry said it has given security clearance to more than 5,000 investment proposals, including for Foreign Direct Investment, in the last four years.

The policy has 15 parameters on which inputs from security agencies are sought. Once it has got an application from an investor, the Ministry decides on the status of security clearance to the company within 4-6 weeks.

Among the foreign countries, U.S., China (including Hong Kong), Mauritius, U.K. has received the green signal for the maximum number of projects at 10 each, followed by Germany 6, Bangladesh 3 and two each for Italy, Israel, Netherlands and Switzerland.

DoT to dial in ease of doing business

The Department of Telecommunications (DoT) will hold discussions with the industry to sort out various issues surrounding ease of doing business, a top official said adding that the fundamentals of the telecom industry are strong enough to attract $100 billion investment in the sector.

The draft National Digital Communications Policy 2018, aimed to attract $100 billion investments in the digital communications sector, providing broadband access for all with 50 mbps speed and creating 40 lakh new jobs in the sector by the year 2022.

Once the policy is cleared, a committee would be set up to review levies, particularly the SUC (spectrum usage charge). The draft proposed to review the levies and fees, including licence fee, universal service obligation fund levy and spectrum usage charges, which are expected to help the debt-laden sector

Terming the policy “aspirational but not unattainable”, the Secretary said the department would also come out with an institutional mechanism to track the implementation of the policy.

Key Points: Draft National Digital Communications Policy 2018

Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano spews lava

A mandatory evacuation order remained in effect in parts of Hawaii after the Kilauea volcano erupted, spitting red-hot lava out of ground fissures and releasing dangerous gases into residential areas.

The eruption began  on Thursday and caused hours of “lava spatter and gas bursts” to erupt in the Leilani Estates subdivision of the U.S. state’s Big Island, prompting the mandatory evacuation of some 1,700 people.

White, hot vapour and blue fume emanated from an area of cracking in the eastern part of the subdivision. The Civil Defence Agency urged those under mandatory evacuation orders to steer clear, as fire authorities were detecting “extremely high levels of dangerous sulphur dioxide gas” in the zone.

The eruption came after hundreds of small earthquakes in recent days, that followed the collapse of a crater floor on the Puu Oo volcanic cone.

IIT-Roorkee team set to tackle chikungunya

Researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology-Roorkee have identified a molecule that exhibits anti-viral activity against the chikungunya virus, raising hopes of finding a new way to combat the mosquito-borne viral disease.

Chikungunya causes severe fever and joint pain. At present, there are no drugs or vaccine available in the market to treat it.

The team used structure-based studies of chikungunya virus-specific nsP2 protease to identify two molecules — Pep-I and Pep-II — that exhibited protease inhibitory as well as anti-viral activity. Of the two molecules, the researchers found PeP-I to be more effective as an anti-viral molecule.
The nsP2 protease is a strict viral enzyme, meaning it is absent in humans, and thus, is an excellent anti-viral drug target for chikungunya virus.

We identified a molecule that not only possesses anti-nsP2 activity but also effectively kills the chikungunya virus in the cell-based assays. The Pep-II molecule showed reduced antiviral activity of only 50 per cent even at a higher concentration

Congressional move to rename US Pacific Command as Indo-Pacific Command

A powerful Congressional committee today proposed renaming the US Pacific Command as the Indo-Pacific Command, which is in line with the Trump Administration's nomenclature of describing the strategically vital region. The region has traditionally been called as Asia Pacific.

The House Armed Services Committee, in its mark for National Defence Authorisation Act (NDAA) 2019, renames the Southeast Asia Maritime Security Initiative as the Indo-Pacific Maritime Security Initiative and proposes to add India as a covered country.

This forms part of the key proposals of the NDAA 2019 mark of the Committee, which once passed, would authorise approximately $639.1 billion in discretionary base budget authority.

It would also authorise approximately $69 billion of Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO). It expresses support for the Indo-Pacific Stability Initiative to enhance US force posture, improve defence infrastructure, basing and logistics and increase bilateral and multilateral training and exercises with allies and partners.

Assam

1. Kaziranga University in association with CSIR NISTADS , a known policy research institute of India organised a three day National Summit on the theme ' Northeast : Sustainable and Inclusive development ' with the aim of highlighting the Northeast as a critical hotspot for convergence of sustainable development leading to overall holistic growth and progress of the region .

2. 46,000 LPG connections under ' Ujwala Yojana' during the ' Go to Village ' mission of the government in Manipur.

3.ICFAI University, Tripura and NB institute of Rural technology , Kolkata signed Memorandum of Understanding to jointly work for the welfare of the people  of rural areas by implementing government aided solar power and other intermediate scientific projects in Northeastern states .

Friday, 4 May 2018

Daily current affairs for Assam Public Service Commission (APSC) Exams - 4th May 2018



1. Rima Das(director and producer) wins best feature film for her Assamese Film  "Village Rockstars'' during the 65th National Film Awards
2. Ministry of DoNER said North Eastern Cultural and Information Centre will soon be set up in New Delhi
3.The three day long Vibrant Northeast 2018 Expo is started in Guwahati organised by Centre for Agriculture and Rural Development ( CARD) along with the Indian Council of Food and Agriculture(ICFA)

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