Sunday, 6 August 2017

Key Facts About Assam


Assam (also known as Ahom) is the gateway to the North East of India. It is one of the largest states in the region.

Assam:  Formed on 26 January 1950
No. of districts:  33
Capital: Dispur
Official Language: Assamese,Bodo, Bengali
High Court: Guwahati, Assam
Geographical Indications:  Muga Silk, Tezpur Litchi, Karbi Anglong Ginger
State Animal: One-horned rhinoceros
State Bird: White-winged wood duck
State Flower: Kopou phul (Foxtail Orchid)
State Tree: Hollong 
Majuli, world biggest river island became India's first river island district in 2016 
Natural Vegetation Tropical moist deciduous and tropical evergreen 

Known as/for:

  • India's gateway to Northeast India -
  • The first oil reserves of India were discovered in Assam 
  • The first oil well in Asia was drilled in Assam 
  • The largest producer of bamboos in India 
  • The largest producer of tea in India Physical Characteristics 
  • A land of plains and river valleys 

Three principal physical regions: 

  • The Brahmaputra River valley in the north, 
  • The Barak River (upper Surma River) valley in the south, 
  • The hilly region between Meghalaya (to the west) and Nagaland and Manipur (to the east) in the south-central part of the state separating the two valleys 

Major Rivers:

  • Subansiri, 
  • Lohit (Tellu), 
  • Dihang/Siang, 
  • Kopili, 
  • Dhaleswari, 
  • Barak,
  • Dhaleswari, 
  • Kameng, 
  • Brahmaputra, 
  • Kameng 

Major Regional Festivals:

  • Bihu, 
  • Ambubachi, 
  • Elephant Festival, 
  • Brahmaputra beach festival, 
  • Majuli, 
  • Baishagu, 
  • Baikho, 
  • Me-Dum-Mi-Phi

Major Art Forms:

  • Assam School of Painting (Manuscript paintings) Music – Ainaam, 
  • Borgeet, 
  • Hiranaam, 
  • Dihanaam, 
  • Zikr and Zari, 
  • Malitas (Ballad) Dance - Satriya Nritya, 
  • Bhaona, 
  • Oja Pali, 
  • Bihu, 
  • Jhumur Naach, 
  • Deodhani, 
  • Gumrag,
  • Dhuliya, 
  • Bhawariya, 
  • Bhortal Nritya, 
  • Bagurumba 

Industry:

  • Fertilizer,
  • Jute, paper, 
  • Silk and textiles, 
  • Sugar, 
  • Chemicals, 
  • Electronics,
  • Cement, 
  • Sawmills, 
  • Plywood and match factories 

Minerals:

  • Hard sandstone, 
  • soft and loose sand, 
  • conglomerates, 
  • coal seams, 
  • shales, 
  • petroleum, 
  • sandy clays, and limestone 

Agriculture:

  • Rice,
  • Tea,
  • Jute,
  • Oilseeds,
  • Pulses,
  • Legumes such as peas, beans,lentils) corn (maize), 
  • Sugarcane, 
  • Rape (an oil-yielding plant)

Important Historical Sites

  • Moidams – the Mound-Burial system of the Ahom Dynasty, 
  • Sibsagar, Cachari ruins In Khaspur, 
  • Carvings, inscriptions, 
  • pillar on the Urvasi Island in Guwahati 

World Heritage Sites 

  • Kaziranga National Park on the bank of the Brahmaputra, 
  • Manas Wildlife Sanctuary near the border with Bhutan 
Ramsar Sites:  Deepor Beel

National Parks:

  • Dibru-Saikhowa National Park,
  • Kaziranga National Park, 
  • Manas National Park, 
  • Nameri National Park, 
  • Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park

Biosphere Reserve:

  • Dibru-Saikhowa, 
  • Manas

Wildlife Sanctuaries:

  • Amchang WLS
  • Barail WLS
  • Barnadi WLS
  • Bherjan-Borajan
  • Padumoni WLS
  • Burachapori WLS
  • Chakrashila WLS
  • Deepor Beel WLS 
  • Dihing Patkai WLS
  • East Karbi -Anglong WLS
  • Garampani WLS
  • Hollongapar -Gibbon WLS
  • Lawkhowa WLS 
  • Marat Longri WLS
  • Nambor WLS
  • Nambor Doigrung WLS 
  • Porbitora WLS 
  • Pani-Dihing Bird WLS
  • Sonai Rupai WLS
Tiger Reserve 
  • Orang, 
  • Kaziranga, 
  • Manas, 
  • Nameri

Elephant Reserve:

  • Sonitpur, Dihing-Patkai, 
  • South Arunachal, 
  • Kaziranga-Karbi Anglong, 
  • Intanki, 
  • Chirang-Ripu, 
  • Eastern Dooars

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